VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):巴西前总统卢拉入狱还是竞选?
日期:2019-11-14 17:17

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Brazil's Lula to Go Back to Jail or Run for President
Former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva walked out of jail last week.
The Brazilian politician known as Lula was released after the country's Supreme Court ruled that a person can be put in prison only after all appeals have been tried.
Now, Lula could either return to prison or campaign to again become president.
Current president Jair Bolsonaro is unpopular. But, Lula's newly found freedom may increase political tension in South America's biggest country.
Also, a group of Supreme Court justices will soon hear an appeal from Lula's defense lawyers. The lawyers say that the judge who ruled on the corruption charges against Lula did not act fairly. Judge Sergio Moro sent Lula to jail after finding him guilty in the corruption investigation known as "Operation Car Wash."
Seventy-four-year-old Lula had been in prison for 19 months of a nearly nine-year sentence. He is also facing several other corruption charges.
If the Supreme Court justices overturn Lula's several convictions, he will be permitted to run for office. He might run as the Workers' Party candidate in the 2022 presidential election.
However, if he loses the appeal on any one of his other corruption charges, he could return to prison.
Following last week's Supreme Court ruling, lawmakers have said they want a constitutional amendment requiring jail time for a person who loses their first appeal.
Both the Lower house and Senate are examining constitutional amendments on this subject. However, nothing is likely to happen this year because constitutional amendments take longer to pass than normal bills.
The charge that Moro ruled unfairly against Lula had been stalled since December of 2018. At that time, Supreme Court Justices Edson Fachin and Carmen Lucia took a stand against it. Justice Gilmar Mendes requested another look at the case. He spoke with Reuters in August.
"Annuling (Lula's) conviction...as a result of (Moro's role), will lead to a new trial. That could happen," Mendes said. "The right verdict is not just a guilty verdict. This is not correct. We have to recognize that we owe Lula a fair trial."
Many Brazilians who voted for Bolsonaro in 2018 support Operation Car Wash. The wide-reaching corruption investigation started in 2014. It has found wrongdoing in several South American countries and has put Lula and other Brazilian politicians in jail.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.corruption charges 腐败指控

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Mr Zelaya would still have to face corruption charges if he were to return from exile.
不过如果塞拉亚结束流亡返回国内,仍将不得不面对多项腐败指控b|q]k3y+N]XwIjr

2.jail time 刑期

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Some even press criminal charges, which can result in jail time.
一些雇主甚至坚持刑事诉讼,盗窃者将因此被捕入狱QD0V978wNR;#

3.presidential election 总统选举

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That year, the new nation held its third presidential election.
那年,这个新兴国家举行了第三届总统选举kPPO4aHAP-

4.a group of 一组

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Suddenly the door opened and a group of children burst in.
门突然打开,闯进了一群孩子Dv=C#=d_~uvxQ|[l%mu

5."Annuling (Lula's) conviction...as a result of (Moro's role), will lead to a new trial.

as a result of 导致

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Millions of people are threatened with starvation as a result of drought and poor harvests.
几百万人因干旱和歉收而受到饥饿的威胁hzwudafRrIn5&G
None of the banks changed their posture on the deal as a result of the inquiry.
没有一家银行因为这次调查而对该交易改变立场Ip8.R_3U+6

6.It has found wrongdoing in several South American countries and has put Lula and other Brazilian politicians in jail.

put in jail 囚禁

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The man was put in jail for grand larceny.
那人因重大盗窃案而被监禁I#9ttJoTB(Q=
The thief who had stolen the jewels was apprehended by the police and was put in jail.
那偷珠宝的小偷被警方捉去了,而且关入了监狱u[0U.7pcpjA!Xp3M

参考译文

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巴西前总统卢拉入狱还是竞选?
巴西前总统路易斯·伊纳西奥·卢拉·达席尔瓦上周出狱.e5q!ja%Pp3RT)qUs(
巴西最高法院裁定,只有在所有上诉都经过审理后,才能将犯人关进监狱,巴西政治家卢拉才被释放XvCIv4-3].MTCqF-K]-
现在,卢拉要么回到监狱,要么再次竞选总统~!&_TQ;LFlxbUYoAlzN
现任总统雅伊尔·博索纳罗(Jair Bolsonaro)不受民众欢迎oYLMph-gRs8+(M_tnY。但是,卢拉近期的获释或会加剧这个南美洲最大国家的政治紧张局势FQANlX[%asyWMF0I.Maq
此外,最高法院的法官将很快听取卢拉辩护律师的上诉0!5GClrjm-0k#|x。律师们表示,裁决卢拉的腐败指控的法官行为不公平4uQ].oPJDEQKD@Y@。法官塞尔吉奥·莫罗认定卢拉在“洗车行动”腐败调查中有罪,将其送进监狱L~1)e6]!;H3Oh-1pE80
74岁的卢拉被判近9年的刑期,入狱19个月P[pM1X55iw^s.[。他还面临其他几项腐败指控k6iiuu*8P&D]LuabVl

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巴西前总统卢拉入狱还是竞选?.jpg
如果最高法院法官推翻卢拉的几项判决,他将被允许竞选公职1PJofoWPXi,T。他可能会以工人党候选人的身份参加2022年的总统大选T+8Q5zxUl@D
然而,如果他在其他腐败指控的上诉中败诉,他可能会再次入狱o(tv=syqZ(G!
在上周最高法院做出裁决后,议员们表示,他们希望通过一项宪法修正案,要求对首次上诉失败的人判处监禁(,hUr9Fd299
下议院和参议院都在审查关于这个问题的宪法修正案mec)lItqQ5m6。然而,今年不太可能发生什么变化,因为宪法修正案通过的时间比正常法案长JEKvfPkE0EoLZ
对莫罗不公平地判决卢拉的指控自2018年12月以来一直被搁置M]&0PY#@U@wv=b。当时,最高法院法官埃德森·法欣(Edson Fachin)和卡门·露西亚(Carmen Lucia)对此表示反对m=Z~m6v@LC!。法官吉尔马尔·门德斯(Gilmar Mendes)要求重新审理此案r36[q!x3SEEL;]0;#^L。他在8月份接受了路透社的采访[pZu+R+xHt0h
“撤销莫罗对卢拉的定罪……将导致新的审判l_xWyROpA|。这是有可能发生的8IqpS4;IQ^H(ma。”“正确的判决不仅仅是有罪判决)uAhpv!,]cc4ObBt3M。这是不对的ZSJ88|87P)TXSL6a。我们必须承认我们欠卢拉一个公平的审判A!!,LhEjlZ。”
许多在2018年投票支持博尔索纳罗的巴西人支持“洗车行动”TL_-3vM)F5&I)f,5*QLZ。这一大规模的腐败调查始于2014年66*sqD(i+o%W3Jr42zUL。该行动揭露了几个南美国家的不法行为,卢拉和其他巴西政客因此入狱EMsZObI%+I
乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报%T1qTPNi9Ag.=

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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