VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):中国赴美游客数量有所下降
日期:2019-11-07 14:08

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Fewer Chinese Traveling to United States
The United States tourism industry is facing a problem: A drop in the number of Chinese visiting U.S. cities and states.
Close to 3 million Chinese traveled to the country last year. They spent quite a lot of money. The U.S. Travel Association estimates they spent an average of $6,700 per person per trip. That amount is more than 50 percent higher than the average spending of international tourists, the group said.
But the number of visitors from China dropped nearly 4 percent in the first six months of this year. This follows a nearly 6% drop in 2018.
Reasons for the Drop in Chinese Tourists
Tourism industry experts say there could be several reasons for the smaller number of visitors.
Theresa Belpulsi is with Destination DC, the tourism marketing office for Washington, DC. She thinks one of the reasons is trade tensions between the two countries.
"With the trade war, with some of the travel warnings, with some of our visa challenges that we've had, we've seen a little bit of a dip in Chinese visitors," she said.
"The U.S. is just losing market share," notes Adam Sacks, president of advisory service Tourism Economics. "Something's made the U.S. uncompetitive, and I would target the trade war as one of the reasons."
Larry Yu is a professor of hospitality management at George Washington University. He says that people are slow to forget the idea that a country has an unwelcoming environment.
"The trade war creates a kind of environment in China that makes people think twice," Yu said. "Even though we know that Chinese demand is high, the current environment makes people substitute the U.S. for another place."
China's government has published two warnings for Chinese interested in visiting the United States: One was about gun violence; the other, about harassment by U.S. law enforcement.
In a related issue, visa approvals for Chinese visitors have become more difficult. The U.S. rejection rate of Chinese tourist visa applications reached 17 perncet in the 12 months from October 2017 to September of 2018. Five years earlier, the rate was a much lower 8.5 percent.
U.S. tourism competitors are also taking steps to attract Chinese travelers. The European Travel Commission has joined with Chinese representatives at travel shows and partnered with Chinese media personalities to share videos and social media posts.
The commission notes that Europe welcomed 14 million Chinese tourists last year.
U.S. Travel Industry Tries to Get More Tourists
Adam Sacks of Tourism Economics says he hopes that local travel marketing agencies across the country can help raise the number of Chinese tourists.
The District of Columbia, for one, has increased its advertising and programs for China. Destination DC's latest plan is to offer hotel discounts for the Lunar New Year in 2020. The plan includes a number of events and performances aimed at Chinese tourists.
San Francisco has used social media to reach out to Chinese tourists. The city created ads that drove some 12 million people to a contest showcasing the city's famous landmarks. The San Francisco Travel Association says the city used two popular Chinese apps, WeChat and Weibo, for the campaign.
At the same time, tourism marketing agencies for U.S. cities and states are trying to reach countries other than China. Utah and Los Angeles, among others, are trying to expand their presence in nations like India.
"There's a great deal of interest," said Jamie Foley of the Los Angeles Tourism and Convention Board. "But that comes with the understanding that India is very different from China."
Even with the drop in Chinese tourists, some experts note how important China will be to the U.S. tourism industry for years to come.
"The trade war's an important subject, but it's seen as a temporary setback," said Sage Brennan, co-founder of the company China Luxury Advisors. "Over the next 20 to 30 years, China is going to continue to impact and shape the tourism market."
I'm Alice Bryant.
And I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.trade war 贸易战

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The most important thing is to reach an agreement and to avoid a trade war.
最重要的是达成协议,避免贸易战s)fe8a1-tc@UNIR7D^

2.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.
我们见证了社交媒体的实力u|yG@@wr;~Kx78*g!5

3.tourist visa 旅游签证

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I want to apply for a regular tourist visa.
我想申请一个普通的旅游签证xRnGnw3geg

4.tourism marketing 旅游市场营销

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Tourism marketing strategy is the key to sustainable development of the industry foran area.
旅游市场营销战略是一个地区旅游业可持续发展的重要保证6PUrBX_0O4X2#=

5.At the same time, tourism marketing agencies for U.S. cities and states are trying to reach countries other than China.

At the same time 同时

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It's impossible to get everybody together at the same time.
让所有人同时聚在一起是不可能的e+B,0[Tyb*~K#HBZ+XvT
We can't hold the two meetings at the same time; we must stagger them.
这两个会不能同时开,得错一下i^9;9x4|[qf=

6.Even with the drop in Chinese tourists, some experts note how important China will be to the U.S. tourism industry for years to come.

for years to come 未来几年

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The Japanese economy will continue to outpace its foreign rivals for years to come.
在未来几年里,日本的经济发展将继续快过其国外的对手AP5I0LbQ-tYvc
I think I will talk about this hotel for years to come.
我想在未来的许多年里我都将会谈论这间酒店D^j6XX7&dR

参考译文

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美国接待的中国游客数量有所下降
美国旅游业正面临一个难题:前往美国各州和城市的中国游客数量下降DffSM[=2qk6+~
去年,有近300万中国游客到美国旅游|[VmU^JQ+#uM;R(UL。他们大量地消费r.b;xP1DD#E。美国旅游协会估计,他们一次出行的人均消费为6700美元*wvapGr=g083。该协会表示,这一数据比国际游客的平均消费高出了50%以上f3OjSXFZpee9,vHly]3
而今年上半年,来自中国的游客数量下降了近4%+3NSko)7!;。这是继2018年下降近6%后的又一次下跌NN.|lvBMKY~9C
中国游客数量下降的原因
旅游业专家表示,游客人数减少可能有数个原因CjODvoYcHO6)L_OSUGA
特蕾莎·贝尔鲍西在华盛顿旅游局任职,这是华盛顿特区的旅游营销机构,IJpV_EGxDHEfbn。她认为原因之一是两国之间的贸易关系紧张9&Z95_JBej
她说:“随着贸易战打响,因为(政府)发出一些旅游警告,以及我们美国签证方面的一些难题,所以中国的游客人数有所下降;=@2pcd;3)w=IS|。”

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中国赴美游客数量有所下降.jpg
旅游经济咨询公司的负责人亚当·萨克斯(Adam Sacks)指出:“美国正在失去市场份额3;0#Zhx6|pN,~c=Q。一些原因导致美国失去了竞争力,我认为贸易战就是其中之一-ZY.UGVo|v。”
拉里·余是乔治华盛顿大学的酒店管理学教授w77s-#FA1+Q。他说,人们很难消除一个国家有不友好环境的印象7Il|cM3sty
拉里·余表示:“贸易战在中国营造出让游客赴美需慎重的环境!l%hf5BPfnkoN@。即使我们知道中国人的旅游需求旺盛,但是当前的环境他们不得不选择其它地方2q#A0c+F^[UN。”
中国政府向意欲赴美旅游的公民发出两条旅游警告:一条是关于枪支暴力,另一条是关于美国执法部门的骚扰aOSl0zZ~btwm!7
另一方面,中国游客的签证审核也更“变本加厉”,Kqe#l@6lseEQ=5s]%N。2017年10月至2018年9月的12个月内,中国旅游签证拒签率达到17%5GF#JKAs]FoBvTz。而在5年前,这一比例要低得多,仅为8.5%t-o6D!OtD0P,f
美国旅游竞争对手也在采取措施吸引中国游客ne6F0m=!TwzYd*T。欧盟旅游委员会与中国代表一起参加了旅游展,并与中国的媒体人士合作转发视频和社交媒体帖子eZS~n!2&iAFayX=E^
该委员会指出,欧洲去年接待了1400万中国游客-wMEaqPenNDU|KZ75
美国旅游业试图吸引更多游客
旅游经济咨询公司的亚当·萨克斯表示,他希望美国各地的当地旅游营销机构助力提升中国的游客数量xI7l0QoG7%SHCqWo)*k5
以哥伦比亚特区为例,它增加了针对中国游客的广告和项目*g2~!eRGDmB-!X3Kv*M|。华盛顿旅游局最新的计划是在2020年农历新年期间提供酒店折扣%FS7(6KYt9K7wVd。该计划还包括面向中国游客的许多活动和表演lH.RE8^);x1OGz3cWS2
旧金山利用了社交媒体来吸引中国游客iv;Nw]z0z9E#,2。该市制作的广告吸引了大约1200万人参加了展示该市著名地标的比赛%mvRoU;3^0_+3PDnm9T。旧金山旅游协会表示,该市通过了两个热门中文应用程序微信和微博进行宣传]g0XUqFix6o-XMSVGWHt
同时,美国各州和城市的旅游营销机构也在设法吸引中国以外的其它国家的游客&T=GVZtjce。犹他州和洛杉矶州等地都在努力扩大在印度等国家的影响力0IY!9C=CL9~h
洛杉矶会议及旅游局的杰米·弗利表示:“人们对此兴趣非常浓厚^6(6Xi-!ne432HqsB。但是同时要意识到印度与中国的不同之处]#835cSj1hNa&G~BXCu。”
尽管中国游客人数下降,但一些专家也指出中国未来几年对美国旅游业的重要性!cDN&,GcueFK-F
中国奢侈品顾问公司的联合创始人萨奇·布伦南表示:“贸易战是一个重要议题,但是它被视为一种暂时性挫折Ggfb.nm2t9KMGE。在未来20到30年里,中国将会继续影响和塑造美国旅游市场d*9~&,K^9l_*g。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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