US Announces Effort to Compete against China’s “Belt and Road” Program
The U.S. Secretary of Commerce announced this week that the United States plans to invest and trade more in Asia.
Secretary Wilbur Ross spoke about American efforts to support "sustainable" projects in Asia as a way to answer China's "Belt and Road" infrastructure program.
Ross and U.S. President Donald Trump's national security adviser, Robert O'Brien, were in Thailand for a meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN.
Like O'Brien, Ross tried to overcome suspicions that the Trump administration is uninterested in Asia. The president sent his adviser to the ASEAN summit, but he himself did not attend for the second time in two years.
"We have no intention of vacating our military or geopolitical position," Ross told reporters. He added that many people had misunderstood Trump's 2017 decision to pull out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal.
"We are here permanently, and we will be continuing to invest more here, and we will be continuing to have more bilateral trade," Ross said.
To demonstrate that desire, U.S. officials launched the Trump administration's "Blue Dot Network" on Monday at a conference of business leaders. More than 200 American business leaders attended the meeting.
The plan's name comes from a picture of Earth taken by the Voyager 1 spacecraft. The name is also the name of a book written by American scientist Carl Sagan.
Ross said the Blue Dot Network will include countries that want "sustainable infrastructure development." Earlier, O'Brien compared the network to a "Michelin Guide" for rating investment projects in infrastructure, such as roads, ports and energy systems.
It is unclear what kind of investments would come from the Blue Dot Network plan. The U.S. government described it as an alliance of governments, companies and civil society that would operate under "shared standards."
During the meetings in Bangkok, Japan and the United States signed an agreement to work together on $10 billion in Japanese investment in liquefied natural gas projects. Other plans include an agreement to work with the Asian Development Bank in getting up to $7 billion in financing for other Asian energy projects.
O'Brien said the plan would help countries avoid paying for projects that forced them to take on too much debt and were not "high quality." O'Brien was speaking about China's "Belt and Road" infrastructure projects.
Ross talked about U.S. trade and investment in East Asia and the Pacific, saying of Australia, "We'd be (happy) to sell more military aircraft if that suits your department of defense."
On Tuesday, China opened a large conference on imports in Shanghai to demonstrate its desire to do business.
President Xi Jinping promised to open Chinese markets even more. He drank wine with French President Emmanuel Macron, who urged Chinese and U.S. officials to end their trade war.
Xi said that China was willing to increase talks on several free trade deals and investment agreements. He also said China was "happy" to enter into high-standard free trade agreements with more countries." And, he promised to improve conditions for foreign investment.
I'm Dorothy Gundy.
1.infrastructure program 基础设施项目
Obama urged the U. S. Congress to "get on board" with an infrastructure program.
2.enter into 进入
The agreement shall enter into force upon signature.
3.foreign investment 外国投资
The deal is one of the first fruits of a liberalization of foreign investment law.
4.free trade 自由贸易
This legislation is inconsistent with what they call Free Trade
5.It is unclear what kind of investments would come from the Blue Dot Network plan.
It is unclear尚不明确
However, it is unclear whether they have yet tabled formal bids.
It is unclear what other changes might be on the agenda.
6.On Tuesday, China opened a large conference on imports in Shanghai to demonstrate its desire to do business.
do business 做生意
You will stand to lose if you do business with him.
I don't see any vast turnarounds in the way we do business.
商务部长威尔伯·罗斯（Wilbur Ross）谈到了美国为支持亚洲“可持续发展”项目所做的努力，以此回应中国“一带一路”基础设施项目 。
罗斯和美国总统特朗普的国家安全顾问罗伯特·奥布赖恩（Robert O'Brien）在泰国参加了东盟国家会议 。
与奥布赖恩一样，罗斯也试图消除外界对特朗普政府不重视亚洲的误解 。特朗普派顾问前往东盟峰会，但他本人已经两年内二度缺席该会议 。
罗斯告诉记者：“我们无意让出我们的军事或地缘政治地位 。”他补充说，许多人对特朗普2017年退出跨太平洋伙伴关系贸易协定的决定存在误解 。
罗斯表示：“我们会永远留在这里 。我们要继续加大对亚洲的投资，我们将继续扩大双边贸易 。”
为了证明这一意愿，美国官员周一在一次商业领袖会议上启动了“蓝点网络”计划 。200多位美国商业领袖出席了这次会议 。
该计划的名字来源于“旅行者一号”宇宙飞船拍摄的一张地球照片 。美国科学家卡尔·萨根写的一本书也用此命名 。
罗斯表示，“蓝点网络”将包括那些希望“基础设施可持续发展”的国家 。早些时候，奥布赖恩曾将该网络喻为“米其林指南”，对道路、港口和能源系统等基础设施投资项目进行评级 。
目前尚不清楚“蓝点网络”计划将提供什么样的投资 。美国政府称其为由政府、企业和民间社会组成的、在“共同标准”下运作的联盟 。
在曼谷举行的东盟会议期间，日本和美国签署了一项协议，就日本在100亿美元的液化天然气项目上共同合作 。其它计划包括与亚洲开发银行达成协议，为其它亚洲能源项目提供多达70亿美元的融资 。
奥布赖恩表示，该项计划将会帮助各国避免为建设一些“质量不高”的项目而负债过多 。奥布赖恩提到了中国的“一带一路”基础设施项目 。
习近平主席承诺进一步开放中国市场 。他同法国总统伊曼纽尔·马克龙举杯共饮，马克龙敦促中美两国官员结束贸易战 。
习主席表示，中国愿意就多项自由贸易协定和投资协定加强对话 。习主席还称，中国“很高兴”与更多国家达成高标准的自由贸易协定 。同时他还承诺改善外国投资的环境 。