VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):IMO航运新规欲降低空气污染
日期:2019-11-01 14:55

(单词翻译:单击)

KR|J6G+UlYXew0(m

听力文本

x[;gE*_B4Xy

New Shipping Rules Aim to Reduce Air Pollution, But Could Harm Seas
New shipping rules aimed at reducing air pollution will take effect in January 2020. The rules, put in place by the International Maritime Organization, or IMO, will change the kind of fuel that ships can use.
Ships, for the most part, will no longer be able to use fuels with a sulfur content above 0.5 percent. Current rules permit a sulfur content of around 3.5 percent.
The IMO's stated goal is to reduce air pollution.
However, experts and civil society leaders warn that the rules could have a bad side effect. Ship crews might dump more sulfur and nitrates into the ocean.
After January 2020, ships will still be able to use higher-sulfur fuel if they have pollution cleaning devices called scrubbers.
There are two kinds of scrubbers: open-loop scrubbers and closed-loop scrubbers. Open-loop scrubbers use water to remove sulfur coming through a ship's smokestack and pump the waste into the sea. Closed-loop scrubbers keep most of the water used in the cleaning process on the ship for disposal later at a port.
A few countries will ban the use of open-loop scrubbers. Singapore and Fujairah in the United Arab Emirates are two examples. China is also set to extend a ban on scrubber discharge to coastal areas.
"Were open-looped scrubbers ever a really good idea?" Bill Hemmings of the Clean Shipping Coalition asked industry figures at the IMO's headquarters in London.
Years of studies have examined whether open-loop scrubbers hurt human and marine life by putting dangerous chemicals into the water. The results, so far, have not been clear. The IMO has supported further study into the environmental impact of scrubbers.
"It's a bit of a blind spot, and the optics of it are not great," said Alan Gelder to the Reuters news agency. Gelder is vice president of refining at consulting company Wood Mackenzie
"Though some studies suggest the impact of open-loop scrubbing is going to be very small given the great volume of seas, which already contain many sulphates, what it's doing is solving air pollution by producing a marine pollutant instead."
The stated aim of the new rules is to improve human health.
A study last year said that ship pollution with current sulfur levels caused about 400,000 premature deaths from lung cancer and cardiovascular disease. The study, which appeared in the journal Nature, also said the pollution caused about 14 million cases of childhood asthma every year. After 2020, experts think those numbers will fall to about 250,000 and 6.4 million, respectively.
Some people, however, are still doubtful of the new rules.
One oil trader told the Reuters news agency that the "huge changes" might not be as helpful as some might think.
"In the end you can still buy a piece of kit that just dumps it [pollution] in the water," he said.
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.lung cancer 肺癌

5yuGjVJF#XH6^0i

The test should identify which smokers are most prone to develop lung cancer.
这项检查应该可以确认哪些吸烟者更容易得肺癌csaXQCKmy(

2.air pollution 空气污染

EB4#_;piXO%bJbb

They say gas guzzlers are contributing to air pollution.
他们说高耗油汽车是造成空气污染的原因之一jaNNje8^IlmT

3.premature deaths 早逝;过早死亡

kl~f+ZEr3uaZdLg%;

Premature deaths are often due to heart problems, fatty tumors or atherosclerosis.
过早死亡往往是由于心脏问题、脂肪瘤或动脉硬化GRsVJ)(]1@7=TEVF4B

4.coastal areas 沿海地区

tH[WzK8(YyjfK3IXI-S

The coastal areas were hit by a typhoon.
沿海一带受到台风的袭击UnksWo)vgbhRSp@g]f1

5.Ships, for the most part, will no longer be able to use fuels with a sulfur content above 0.5 percent.

for the most part 很大程度上;多半

U05R[YfmV(eb9tC|9d.

Professors, for the most part, are firmly committed to teaching, not research.
大多数教授都投身于教学,而不是研究Eewol%=p5v%Fro]
For the most part he left the books to his managers and accountants
他通常都把账册交给经理和会计们处理q%g8=oW*sYJIwE

6.The rules, put in place by the International Maritime Organization, or IMO, will change the kind of fuel that ships can use.

put in place 到位;实施

];rvwPKb|o4A1K;D

The restrictions have been put in place, after a five-day national strike.
这项法令是在该国遭受了五天的全国性罢工后颁布的f@02x1siwh(|k
And more policies and measures are put in place in this regard.
针对该问题还将不断出台更多政策和措施2j_=pJ&ox.

参考译文

W7).a;=rtW%lD

IMO航运新规旨在降低空气污染
旨在减少空气污染的新航运规则将于2020年1月生效D*6pWhY.OLUL]qz,ea。这些由国际海事组织(IMO)制定的规则将改变船舶的燃料种类^[7S.tTH5h]
在很大程度上,船舶将不能够再使用硫含量超过0.5%的燃料=W;N-Z[60XKMH8Ln82eK。目前的规定允许硫含量限值在3.5%左右M)e)m6[X12k|OV
国际海事组织(IMO)的既定目标是降低空气污染v^@OY~x6DaYf&~k(
然而,专家和民间团体负责人警告称,这项新规可能会导致不良的负面影响cMBYm-IsA~,wO-JfS1
2020年1月(新规实施)后,如果船舶上安装有洗涤器的污染清洁设备,那么就可以继续使用高硫燃料8oTNh=gdqo)Ri,

O0D.IAkuQ))K

IMO航运新规旨在降低空气污染.jpg
洗涤器分两种:一种是开环洗涤器和闭环洗涤器**[.J|S-6]7&。开环式洗涤器利用水冲刷船只烟囱内的硫,并将废物排入大海uvy7B!j*2]d-U。而闭环洗涤器将清洗过程中使用的大部分废水保留,待靠岸之后再处理)ZF+ErDFme9j94
一些国家将禁止使用开环洗涤器m[TGHR;aKjO。例如,新加坡和阿拉伯联合酋长国的富查伊拉~K*a+qa,g;J=C4!]aP。中国还将延长对沿海地区使用洗涤器的禁令Zu@~X5a4x=
清洁航运联盟的比尔·海明斯(Bill Hemmings)在国际海事组织伦敦总部询问了行业人士,“使用开环洗涤器真的是个好办法吗?”
多年来,人们一直在研究开环式洗涤器是否会将危险的化学物质排入水中,进而伤害人类和海洋生物)VVe_^sO_GD。截至目前,尚未有定论&L.[]|VQ3HBKZPn6-T8J。国际海事组织支持进一步研究洗涤器对环境的影响^nF%4mwvF#H9ZiQjz
艾伦·盖尔德对路透社表示,“这是一个盲点,它的光学效果不是很好5wfFG.v.B-o8LBHE)。”盖尔德是咨询公司Wood Mackenzie炼油业务的副总裁49N,]ON.[fAR3xLqHxh
“尽管一些研究表明,考虑到已经含有大量硫酸盐的海洋漫无边际,开环洗涤的影响将非常小,但这一做法就是通过产生一种海洋污染物来解决空气污染Vq5,X-BE~X。”
新规的既定目标是改善人类健康40hAob#%@v^Vc
去年的一项研究称,目前因高硫燃料造成的船舶污染导致约40万人过早死于肺癌和心血管疾病pTOu;HG#(xTuHXz1~&1O。这项发表在《自然》杂志上的研究还指出,污染每年导致约1400万儿童哮喘病例A9iOMwY1a_,BPZJ[MnA。专家们认为,2020年后,这两个数据将分别降至25万和640万左右)mZSi2o#|4[btmUX
然而,一些人仍然对新规表示怀疑wADTjtjC(|~^
一名石油交易员告诉路透社,所谓的“巨大变革”可能并不像一些人想象的那么有效+%HUs77cdBd9s
他说:“说到底,你还是可以买一套(清洁)设备,只是把污染废水排入海中m_KjL52_PO+。”
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报2WFb+#5voEXtU)V

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

R@w+FhCPLk3(ET2r[YA=oHRv|oDOL#!Dc2,nSF%@~(T1!k[c
分享到
重点单词
  • atherosclerosisn. 动脉硬化;动脉粥样硬化
  • proneadj. 俯卧的,易于 ... 的,有 ... 倾向的
  • identifyvt. 识别,认明,鉴定 vi. 认同,感同身受
  • removev. 消除,除去,脱掉,搬迁 n. 去除,间距
  • pollutionn. 污染,污染物
  • dischargev. 放出,解雇,放电,解除,清偿债务 n. 释放,卸货
  • extendv. 扩充,延伸,伸展,扩展
  • currentn. (水、气、电)流,趋势 adj. 流通的,现在的,
  • containvt. 包含,容纳,克制,抑制 vi. 自制
  • asthman. 哮喘