VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):土耳其谴责美众议院通过制裁法案
日期:2019-10-31 14:07

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Turkey Condemns US House Bills on Sanctions, Armenians
Turkey has objected to legislation passed by the United States House of Representatives.
The Turkish foreign ministry said it called a meeting with the U.S. ambassador in Ankara after the House approved the legislation on Tuesday. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that his country's parliament will answer the action, but gave no other details.
One bill is aimed at punishing Turkish officials involved in the decision to send Turkish troops into northern Syria. Supporters of the bill say the Turkish offensive resulted in human rights abuses against ethnic Kurds in the area.
The U.S. House of Representatives passed the bill by a vote of 403 to 16.
Erdogan said on Wednesday that Turkey "strongly condemns" the sanctions against Turkish officials and its army.
The other piece of legislation confirms U.S. recognition of the century-old mass killings of Armenians by Ottoman Turks as genocide. That resolution passed by a vote of 405 to 11.
Historians estimate that 1.5 million Armenians were killed between 1915 and 1923. At the time, Armenians were a Christian minority in the Ottoman Empire.
House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer told reporters after the bills passed that "Turkey has not come to grips that this was a genocide."
Turkey has long objected to the use of the word genocide to describe what took place to Armenians after World War I. Erdogan said that Turkey does not recognize the non-binding resolution and added that it has no value to the country. He described the measure as "slander."
Turkey is one of the 29 members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Turkish foreign ministry said that the U.S. measures did not agree "with the spirit of our NATO alliance."
A result of Turkey's entry into northern Syria
U.S. President Donald Trump ordered U.S. troops to withdraw from northern Syria earlier this month. That move cleared the way for Turkey to send troops into the area with the aim of driving out Syrian Kurdish fighters. The Kurds have been allies of the U.S. military in efforts to fight Islamic State militants. However, Turkey accuses them of being allied with Kurdish separatists, who Turkey considers terrorists.
The U.S. Protect Against Conflict by Turkey Act would prevent sales of arms to Turkey for use in Syria. It would punish Turkish financial organizations involved in the military. It also would require the U.S. government to report on Erdogan's finances.
House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Eliot Engel is a Democrat from New York State. He says the bill is a way to ensure that Erdogan faces consequences for Turkish actions in Syria.
Earlier this month, the House passed a resolution condemning the Trump administration's decision to withdraw U.S. troops from Syria. Trump announced that the U.S government had negotiated a permanent cease-fire in Syria last week. He also lifted sanctions on Turkey that were put in place after its troops entered northern Syria.
The Protect Against Conflict by Turkey Act now moves to the U.S. Senate, where it will face a vote. It must be signed by the president before becoming law.
I'm Mario Ritter Jr.

重点解析

1.involved in 参与

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All the people involved in this case must be present.
所有与这起案件有关的人都必须到场uhw.iR,TWa2sWa7^Oly

2.human rights 人权

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The essence of the problem of modernity is the human rights and obligation.
现代性问题的实质是人的权利和责任问题&xZ9#d)vG1Ih]!1f

3.aimed at 针对

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Her words were aimed at us all.
她的话是针对我们所有人的_x=(c%!&3;1I^ArIzeC

4.driving out 驱赶

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Sunrays filtered in wherever they could ,driving out darkness and choking the shadows.
阳光射入了它所能透过地方,赶走了黑暗,驱散了幽影Zwkm6%#0-VCkgu

5.He also lifted sanctions on Turkey that were put in place after its troops entered northern Syria.

put in place 到位;落实

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They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.
他们被警方部署的繁复安全措施惹怒了(OiFME_),da4BJ64
The restrictions have been put in place, after a five-day national strike.
这项法令是在该国遭受了五天的全国性罢工后颁布的GDlptgx-n,Ph3U

6.The Kurds have been allies of the U.S. military in efforts to fight Islamic State militants.

in efforts to 尽力做某事

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Banks often co-operate with governments in efforts to stabilize economies and to prevent inflation.
银行与政府合作以稳定经济并防止通货膨胀DCUCwCmH*&06!D
In recent years, some groups have resorted to threats and even violence in efforts to disrupt important research.
近年来,一些团体为了达到破坏重要研究的目的而诉诸于威胁甚至暴力Cl*gx%I1ElpMLkl=,

参考译文

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土耳其谴责美国众议院通过制裁法案
土耳其对美国众议院通过的法案表示反对H-!hri~6kp_hn(7
土耳其外交部表示,美国众议院周二批准该法案后,土耳其已经召见美国驻安卡拉大使进行会谈3_)FVmc5xOys。土耳其总统埃尔多安表示,该国议会将对此作出回应,但是尚未透露其它细节Fr)L=TH*U,N#
一项法案旨在惩罚参与决定向叙利亚北部派遣土耳其军队的土耳其官员j2BE&Knj,Rp%cm]vw.HH。该法案的支持者表示,土耳其的进攻导致该地区的库尔德人的人权受到了侵犯ql2KvfwnBWz[,
美国众议院以403票支持16票反对通过了这项法案7t~W0j4il[|;E]mu=v#a

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土耳其谴责美国众议院通过制裁法案.jpg
埃尔多安周三表示,土耳其“强烈谴责”这项针对土耳其官员及其军方的制裁2r-(xSdK^x|=+frZl
另一项法案确认,美国承认奥斯曼土耳其人百年前对亚美尼亚人进行的大屠杀为种族灭绝Y.yb~(DZiCPiS&~A7tYm。该决议以405比11票获得通过wfbpfCo6P)uJ
历史学家估计,1915年到1923年期间,有150万亚美尼亚人被杀害F[mS)H3M%KjJ。当时,亚美尼亚人是奥斯曼帝国的基督教少数派t3=su[ilK7VLJYE2I
众议院多数党领袖斯坦利·霍耶(Steny Hoyer)在该法案通过后对记者表示:“土耳其还没有意识到这是种族灭绝^FqCs-l8Nt#am~hKD-。”
土耳其长期以来一直反对用“种族灭绝”来描述第一次世界大战后亚美尼亚人经历的事情1RFL#cGC7x#。埃尔多安表示,土耳其不承认这项无约束力的决议,还补充说,这对土耳其没有任何价值)OBKcTV0cIs|HS。他称,这项措施是“诽谤U]M)NvKGQx,f。”
土耳其是北约29个成员国之一ZUEE@85%7Rr#rlG8。土耳其外交部称,美国的措施不符合“北约同盟的精神UA1RUd6Wa5Ukybz。”
土耳其入侵叙北区的后果
本月初,美国总统特朗普下令从叙利亚北部撤军;HU^IRj_MfHf。此举为土耳其派军进入该地区驱逐叙利亚库尔德战士扫清了道路jmaO[_*|FVN!4k。库尔德武装一直是美军打击“伊斯兰国”武装分子的盟友EMR09CIV5l。但是土耳其指责他们与库尔德分离主义者结盟,后者一直被土耳其视为恐怖分子e7~9TnLPj|
美国的《土耳其防止冲突法案》将会防止向土耳其出售的武器用于叙利亚R]ui~JkIs,,y。该法案将惩罚参与这一军事活动的土耳其金融组织Po77KEHNs;U%beioSHk。它还将要求美国政府报告埃尔多安的财政状况QTpG,I@INB
众议院外交事务委员会主席埃利奥特·恩格尔(Eliot Engel)是来自纽约州的民主党人X8;i[-E@0#z。他说,该法案是确保埃尔多安对土耳其在叙利亚的行动承担后果Cr2ICbA|Cpyxnh=d=)
本月初,美国众议院通过了一项决议,谴责特朗普政府从叙利亚撤军的决定,-S[;4~E.+#)2。特朗普宣布,美国政府上周已就叙利亚永久停火达成协议AIHqm4CYK_&xC4。特朗普还解除了美国在土耳其军队进入叙利亚北部后对土耳其实施的制裁ccLZgz4GhwU#
《土耳其防止冲突法案》已经移交给美国参议院进行投票H1EP3n)aO17mAk。它必须由总统签署才能成为法律k[SPsjn=ovYhIL7
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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