VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国民众不知道选举系统被攻击
日期:2019-10-25 11:13

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Public Might Not Know about Attacks on US Election Systems
It is no secret that foreign computer hackers are targeting election systems in the United States.
Government officials believe Russian agents searched for weaknesses in election systems in all 50 U.S. states during the presidential election in 2016. But if hackers were able to interfere in U.S. elections in 2020, voters and some public officials may not learn about it until much later.
Government officials with the Federal Bureau of Investigation – or, FBI – usually investigate computer hacking. But they are not required to share information when an election system is hacked. And they must follow rules about protecting the identities of possible victims.
The Associated Press has reported that the situation can be difficult for election officials. They want to know about hacking efforts so they can protect their systems. But they do not want their agencies to look bad. And they do not want to create chaos and confusion, which is what hackers are seeking.
In general, election agencies can decide whether and whom to tell that their systems have been hacked.
Jena Griswold is a public official in Colorado. Her state urges local election officials to tell the government if they suspect a cyberattack.
"Every American in this nation deserves to have a democracy they can believe in..." she said. Griswold believes better communication about possible hacking will help voters trust that the systems are working.
Government officials who are dealing with the problem say communication about election security has become better in the last two years. They are trying to balance the importance of privacy about criminal cases, and the need for voters to feel that the elections are free and fair. Last June, a public opinion study found that a majority of Americans said they worried voting systems might not be protected against hackers.
Matt Dietrich is a spokesperson for the Illinois State Board of Elections. In 2016, Russian hackers broke into the state's voter registration database. State officials moved quickly to shut down the system and prevent the hackers from gaining more information.
Election officials in Illinois told the public about the hack. But most people quickly lost interest in it, Dietrich said.
He believes 2020 will be different. If foreign hackers attack U.S. voting systems, "it will be a national and worldwide story," Dietrich said. He believes everyone will be watching what happens this time.
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

重点解析

1.public opinion 民意

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On the order of 100 public officials were alleged to be members of an illegal society.
据称大约有100名公务员是非法社团的成员QMaH7dwZA^Um]Xk)g

2.shut down 关闭

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If they violate the law, their party will be shut down.
如果违反了法律,他们创立的政党将会被关闭hTO,ve^in+8p-GiU;k8=

3.public officials 公职人员

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How to carry out the earth human society culture education?
怎样开展地球人类社会的文化教育?

4.election systems 选举系统

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This election system makes it possible for the people to choose deputies whom they know and trust.
这种选举制度,有利于人民真正能选举出自己了解的、信得过的代表TMdP@#D3^85cI;Cs

5.It is no secret that foreign computer hackers are targeting election systems in the United States.

It is no secret that 不是秘密

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It is no secret that a few, and I am wondering.
那几不是秘密了,我很纳闷y+3AQbJZ!r_MLoc;Q!#G
It is no secret that Miss Deng and Mr Blair are close friends.
一直以来,邓文迪和布莱尔是亲密朋友这件事已不是秘密o6W1T;Ymcziv

6.But most people quickly lost interest in it, Dietrich said.

lost interest in 失去兴趣

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He lost interest in english.
他对英语失去了兴趣uka@~brRZoJu_UTR
He totally lost interest in me.
他完完全全的对我失去了兴趣dn&Mcp+CccDLqO

参考译文

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公众可能不知道美国选举系统被攻击
外国计算机黑客攻击美国选举系统已经不是什么秘密了=S&WAeL^mwg[|SA(HUw
政府官员认为,俄罗斯特工在2016年美国总统大选期间,在美国50个州的选举系统中查找漏洞gK3.s|tzaGUlp。但是,如果黑客能够干预2020年的美国大选,选民和一些政府官员可能很久以后才知晓d[+f)49f)6(Gp
美国联邦调查局(FBI)的政府官员常常会调查计算机黑客fr3F_a&9gL#E%^%。但是当选举系统遭到黑客入侵时,他们无需向外界公开信息+3V^_kiH#l4VJ。他们必须遵守保护潜在受害者身份的规定sRlQ*Rc&6EIZJU#3(
美联社报道称,这种状况可能会让选举官员陷入两难境地04gKJhmK^Dv5xmiDMx。他们需要了解黑客行为相关信息,才能保护自身的选举系统J!xXz@E*NPWtkf@IS。但是他们不希望本机构的形象受损YuAI.T.doqd[ZD。他们也不想制造混乱、困惑,而这正是黑客们想要达到的效果,xzkk77qoiEwn.!k

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公众可能不知道美国选举系统被攻击.jpg
一般来说,选举机构能够决定是否公布以及由谁公布系统被入侵的消息iCCjj_*1FR_Z2
耶娜·格利斯沃尔德(Jena Griswold)是科罗拉多州的一名公职人员KAbFmd7!DbV0,F。她所在的州督促地方官员如果怀疑网络受到攻击要上报政府8=~_g28]eGFy)=Z[S
她说:“这个国家的所有美国都应该拥有一个他们可以信任的民主制度hV_[RsPi;5WY%b[_x~(D。”格利斯沃尔德认为,对可能的黑客行为进行更好的沟通,有助于让选民相信该系统正在有效运行.!zPsqKom~O
负责处理这一问题的政府官员表示,过去两年,有关选举安全方面的沟通更加高效,他们试图平衡刑事案件隐私权的重要性,以及让选民感觉选举自由公正的必要性;kD~2Gj=.ACa|Q*AJw。去年6月的一些民意调查发现,大多数美国人表示,他们担心投票系统无法抵御黑客的攻击D!aJ@t,4Yxn5
马特·迪特里希(Matt Dietrich)是伊利诺伊州选举委员会的发言人O%FzEy~S.0,h,5,A&v^。2016年,俄罗斯黑客入侵了该州的选民登记数据库^^sZsDYs#,l]5ExHDHG0。州官员迅速关闭了该系统,防止黑客窃取更多信息ha#t|6u-0Qo=O
伊利诺伊州选举官员公开了这次黑客入侵行为Y|a.kg~ZEH+V#|c^W1&。但是迪特里希称,大部分人很快对此失去兴趣DFpxM;CipmvLsO(iHV
他认为2020年将会有所不同LY4o__e@Bl[![@an%。迪特里希表示,如果外国黑客攻击美国的选举系统,“这将成为全国乃至国际新闻事件&3aMghQLIo*bP;rauILy。”他相信所有人都将紧盯着这次选举4@,IBr0gdQGh3_Rxn
凯莉·吉恩·凯莉为您播报)XVq;N1bH7gq&lXUE

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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