VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):IS借叙北乱局死灰复燃
日期:2019-10-24 15:15

(单词翻译:单击)

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Syrian Unrest Breathes Life into Islamic State Militant Group
Officials are warning that Turkey's offensive into northeastern Syria might be giving the militant group Islamic State new life.
However, American counterterrorism officials say the group's next moves are unclear.
They warn that Islamic State, or IS, knows how to use conflicts in the area to make gains, as it did in Iraq.
The officials spoke on the condition that their identities would not be released.
IS has used the months since its defeat in Baghuz, Syria, to create "networks" of about 10,000 to 15,000 fighters, the officials said. The group is preparing for a long, violent insurgency.
But, it remains uncertain how IS will change its plans "in Syria in light of the Turkish incursion," a U.S. counterterrorism official told VOA.
Most IS military operations had targeted Kurdish security forces before Turkey launched its offensive. Now, some believe, it is possible that IS may try to free some of its 12,000 fighters being held by the U.S.-supported Syrian Democratic Forces – or SDF. It may also try to free some of the IS wives and other family members in camps in the area. In September, IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi asked his fighters to do just that.
It is unclear how many captured IS fighters may have escaped or been freed since American troops began to withdraw from northern Syria. Turkey and the SDF both claim IS prisoners are not being freed, but each has accused the other of releasing prisoners who agree to fight. Both sides reject these claims.
Conditions ripe for thriving IS
U.S. officials fear the unrest in Syria will help IS rebuild. The lack of safety for local populations, ethnic divisions and government corruption help IS grow.
These are all issues "that ISIS has... exploited," said the U.S. counterterrorism official.
And IS may be recovering from its recent defeat.
Safeguarding Syria's oil, infrastructure
There are fears IS may try to target oil fields now under the control of Kurdish forces. U.S. President Donald Trump, however, said they are secure.
"We secured the oil," Trump said during a cabinet meeting Monday.
U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper confirmed Tuesday that some troops "remain in the towns that are located near the oil fields." The purpose of their presence "is to deny access to those oil fields by ISIS and others who may benefit from revenues that could be earned," Esper told reporters Monday during a news conference in Afghanistan.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.news conference 新闻发布会

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We have no fears, he told a news conference.
我看这就是有关会议的全部消息了Z8Wgn7&#^^#%]|

2.oil fields 油田

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Few big new oil fields that are easy to reach and cheap to exploit have been discovered in recent years.
最近几年,很少有易于寻找和便宜开挖的新的大型油田被发现OqVkC|eWiQd.S

3.cabinet meeting 内阁会议

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Back in London, the very next morning, she plunged straight into a lengthy Cabinet meeting.
回到伦敦后的第二天上午,她又参加了一次长时间的内阁会议m6;(N%x++IVdu

4.government corruption 政府腐败

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He told Australian radio that this tragedy is the fault of government corruption and incompetence.
他告诉澳大利亚广播公司,悲剧是由政府的腐败无能导致的b+^#.cPChy

5.But, it remains uncertain how IS will change its plans "in Syria in light of the Turkish incursion," a U.S. counterterrorism official told VOA.

in light of 根据;鉴于

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This should be discussed fully in light of the developments in the university.
这件事应该根据大学里的新情况加以充分讨论u|zJd4+vbVrBT
This might not be surprising in light of some of the behavior that triggered the global financial crisis.
考虑到触发了全球金融机构的一些行为,这也许并不令人奇怪fU4uQlh0,Y%&K@-ub3*

6.It is unclear how many captured IS fighters may have escaped or been freed since American troops began to withdraw from northern Syria.

It is unclear 尚不清楚

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It is unclear whether/if he likes the present.
他是不是喜欢那个礼物还不清楚#Lz6TXn(Qx
It is unclear how much of the company he owns.
目前仍不清楚他拥有公司的多少股份W,]9*up1~hzwh

参考译文

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IS借叙北乱局死灰复燃
官员警告称,土耳其对叙利亚东北部的进攻可能会给激进组织“伊斯兰国”组织带来新的喘息机会uqb%O@![3Vr3k=ss
然而,美国反恐官员表示,尚不清楚该组织的下一步行动cf~Ah&ImCm
他们警告说,“伊斯兰国”组织知道如何利用该地区的冲突来获利,就像其在伊拉克所做的那样4v[oCO(PRMk)N
官员要求在匿名的条件下接受采访N|ntX14UXFS
官员们表示,“伊斯兰国”组织在失去叙利亚巴古兹(Baghuz)据点后的几个月内,建立了大约1万至1.5万名武装分子的“网点”Rr@];QawhZ864tdBa。该组织正在为长期的暴力叛乱做准备[b@|LGghY(_WlOs1x[t%
但是,一名美国反恐官员对美国之音表示,鉴于土耳其的入侵,目前尚不确定“伊斯兰国”将如何改变其在叙利亚的计划*k6afslLsXAwE;6n

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IS借叙北乱局死灰复燃.jpg
在土耳其发动进攻前,“伊斯兰国”组织的军事行动主要针对库尔德武装SOG^CAv*I#Nn。现在,一些人认为,“伊斯兰国”可能会设法解救12000名武装分子,他们现在被美国支持的叙利亚民主力量(SDF)关押e)_Uww%LbX。它还可能试图释放该地区难民营中的一些激进分子的妻子和家庭成员4KJdv*;7P(。9月,“伊斯兰国”领导人阿布·巴克尔·巴格达迪对他的追随者们提出了这一要求5okI3L1Yk|LRJ__P1
尚不清楚美国从叙利亚北部撤军以来,有多少被俘的“伊斯兰国”武装分子已经越狱或逃脱r&1YQTCwvMwnPplBj。土耳其和SDF都声称没有释放“伊斯兰国”俘虏,但双方都指责对方释放了同意战斗的俘虏Mz;8h-ubG_^zd[WKO。双方都否认了对方的指控2,|JqGqDTLC
IS复燃的时机成熟
美国官员担心叙利亚动乱会让“伊斯兰国”卷土重来5hXX3^[bz]r。当地居民缺乏安全保障,种族分裂和政府腐败加剧us=tU|;76OEK%
美国反恐官员表示,这些都是“伊斯兰国”组织利用的问题@VYA,W*#zZM4k*g
“伊斯兰国”可能正在从最近的失败中恢复oM^%mMeD+peOgmI^DaM
保护叙利亚的石油和基础设施
人们担心“伊斯兰国”可能会试图袭击库尔德武装控制的油田uUqRDA5YMEPJGLEdud。不过,美国总统特朗普表示,他们是安全的.b5#_EUX;)I7xEZWq
特朗普周一在内阁会议上表示:“我们会确保石油的安全x[#ASgQ(,UTY*7。”
美国国防部长埃斯珀周二证实,一些军队“仍驻扎在靠近油田的城镇”6kwu6,a;ky31EW!#L_。埃斯珀周一在阿富汗的一次新闻发布会上对记者说,这一部署“是为了防止‘伊斯兰国’组织和其他可能从收入中获益的人靠近油田”4S8-t|6#CcI1B+CB
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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