Canada's Justin Trudeau Wins Second Term, Loses Majority
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau won a second term in national elections Monday.
His Liberal Party of Canada, however, lost its majority. Trudeau kept his position although he has been weakened by several scandals.
Trudeau's Liberal party took the most seats in Parliament, so he will have the best chance of forming a government. But after losing the majority, he will have to ally with another party to pass legislation.
Robert Bothwell is a professor of Canadian history and international relations at the University of Toronto. He said,"Trudeau is prime minister because the rest of the party was able to pull itself together...While Trudeau certainly deserves credit for what has happened he's really going to have to demonstrate qualities that he hasn't yet shown."
Trudeau's image was hurt last month after old photos showed him at parties with his face painted black or brown. He was also accused of interfering with the prosecution of an engineering and building company in Quebec.
"I'm surprised at how well Trudeau has done," said Nelson Wiseman. He is a political science professor at the University of Toronto. He added, "I don't think anybody expected Trudeau to get a majority but they are not that far off."
Early Tuesday, the Liberals had 156 seats. They needed 170 for a majority in the 338-seat House of Commons.
Trudeau said Tuesday, "Tonight Canadians rejected division...They rejected cuts and austerity. They elected...strong action on climate change."
Trudeau also spoke to those who supported his opponent, Conservative Andrew Scheer.
He said, "To those who did not vote for us, know that we will work every single day for you, we will govern for everyone."
Trudeau strengthened liberalism in 2015 after almost 10 years of Conservative Party government in Canada. Several scandals and high expectations damaged his ability to bring about change.
Trudeau is the son of the late Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.
Trudeau's opponent, Scheer, is a long-time politician and was seen as a possible answer to Trudeau's high energy liberalism. But Bothwell said that he expected Scheer to resign.
"He's gone," Bothwell said. "He ran a really dirty campaign. There is nothing to be proud of on his side. He had the opportunity and blew it."
During the campaign, Scheer said Trudeau was untruthful when he claimed not to remember how many times he had worn blackface.
In his concession speech, Scheer said the results showed Trudeau was much weakened since his 2015 election.
He said, "And Mr. Trudeau when your government falls, Conservatives will be ready and we will win."
Wiseman said Monday's results left the Conservatives deeply disappointed.
"They had an opportunity here to win," he said.
Scheer had promised to end a carbon tax and cut government spending.
Trudeau's efforts to balance the environment with the economy have been criticized by both liberals and conservatives. He put in place a carbon tax on gasoline that was meant to fight climate change. But, he also rescued a pipeline expansion project to get Alberta's oil to international markets.
In addition, Trudeau negotiated a new free trade deal with the U.S. and Mexico. President Donald Trump had threatened to pull the U.S. out of the existing deal.
Trump tweeted his congratulations early Tuesday, saying, "Canada is well served."
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.trade deal 贸易协议
They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.
2.deal with 处理；应对
The President said the agreement would allow other vital problems to be dealt with.
3.climate change 气候变化
Carbon emissions exacerbate the global climate change problem.
4.carbon tax 碳税
America's aversion to taxes means that a carbon tax is not regarded as a serious option.
5.He put in place a carbon tax on gasoline that was meant to fight climate change.
put in place 到位
The restrictions have been put in place, after a five-day national strike.
On the reforms front, China has put in place the basic structure for a market economy.
6.In addition, Trudeau negotiated a new free trade deal with the U.S. and Mexico.
In addition 此外；另外
In addition, the respondent disclosed professional confidences to one of the patients.
In addition, interest on Treasury issues isn't subject to state and local income taxes.
周一，加拿大总理贾斯汀·特鲁多（Justin Trudeau）在大选中赢得连任 。
然而，他领导的加拿大自由党(Liberal Party of Canada)失去了多数席位 。尽管他的形象受到一些丑闻的影响，不过特鲁多还是保住了总理之位 。
特鲁多所在的自由党在议会中获得了最多的席位，因此他组建政府的可能性最大 。但因未能赢得多数席位，他将不得不与另一个政党组建政府以通过立法 。
罗伯特·博思韦尔(Robert Bothwell)是多伦多大学加拿大历史和国际关系教授 。他说：“特鲁多再次成为总理，是因为党内其他成员能够振作起来……虽然特鲁多确实应该为所发生的一切受到赞扬，但他必须展示出他还没有展示出的品质 。”
上个月，特鲁多的一些旧照显示他在派对上涂黑（棕色）脸，他的形象因此一落千丈 。他还被指控干涉魁北克一家工程和建筑公司的诉讼 。
“我对特鲁多的表现感到惊讶，”尼尔森·怀斯曼说道 。他是多伦多大学的政治学教授 。他补充说，“我认为没有人会指望特鲁多获得多数，但他们离这也不远了 。”
周二早些时候，自由党在下议院的338个席位中获得156个席位 。他们还需要170个席位才能达到多数 。
特鲁多周二表示：“今晚，加拿大人拒绝分裂……他们反对削减开支和紧缩政策 。他们投票赞成……采取强有力的行动应对气候变化 。”
在加拿大保守党执政近10年后，特鲁多在2015年加强了自由主义 。数起丑闻以及过高的期望损害了他进行变革的能力 。
特鲁多是已故总理皮埃尔·特鲁多（Pierre Trudeau）的儿子 。
特鲁多的对手希尔是一位长期从政的政治家，他被视为特鲁多的高能量自由主义的可能答案 。但博思韦尔表示，他预计希尔将辞职 。
“他要走了，”博思韦尔说：“他参加竞选真是不择手段 。在他这方面没有什么值得骄傲的 。他本来有这个机会，却搞砸了 。”
特鲁多在环境和经济之间寻求平衡的努力受到自由派和保守派的批评 。为了应对气候变化，他对汽油征收了碳税 。但挽救了一个管道扩建项目，该项目旨在将艾伯塔省的石油运往国际市场 。
此外，特鲁多还与美国和墨西哥达成了一项新的自由贸易协定 。特朗普总统曾威胁称要让美国退出现有的协议 。