VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):东京奥运马拉松将改址札幌
日期:2019-10-18 15:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Olympic Officials Aim to Move Marathon from Tokyo to Cooler Sapporo
Fans of long-distance racing might not be able to see the marathon event next year at the 2020 Summer Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan.
Instead, they might have to travel to Sapporo on Hokaido Island -- 832 kilometers away.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) on Wednesday released its proposal to move the marathon and long-distance race walking events to Sapporo. The change was announced quickly -- with little discussion with local organizers or government officials.
Sapporo officials are excited by the proposal to move next year's events to the northern Japanese city.
"We take this as an honor," Sapporo Mayor Katsuhiro Akimoto said.
That was not the case in Tokyo, however. It seemed to catch officials there by surprise.
Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike was not happy on Thursday.
"We are very surprised to learn of this sudden change of direction," she said. She noted the effort that municipal governments had made to organize the race.
Koike, however, did not disagree with the IOC's reasoning for the change. The Olympic Committee noted Tokyo's especially hot weather and athlete's safety.
The IOC wrote: "In Sapporo, temperatures during the Games period are as much as five to six degrees centigrade cooler during the day than in Tokyo."
The hope is that the cooler temperatures will reduce "stress" on the runners.
Koike said, "Of course, the athletes-first approach is extremely important."
Sapporo is not new to the Olympics. It hosted the 1972 Winter Olympic Games. The city also has expressed interest in holding the 2030 Winter Games.
This week's unexpected move could be a first step.
"I think this could pave the way for us," Sapporo's mayor said.
Why officials proposed the change
Olympic officials have acted because of results from the recent World Track and Field championships, held last month in Doha, Qatar.
In the women's marathon event, 28 of 68 competitors who started the race failed to finish. In the men's race, 18 of 73 failed to complete the course. This happened even with the races being held at midnight, when the weather was cooler. The temperature was still 38 degrees C at the time, however.
Ethiopian distance-running great Haile Gebrselassie said athletes "could have died" in the women's race.
The marathons in Tokyo were to start at 6 in the morning to ease the heat effect on runners. The men's 50-kilometer race walk final was expected to start at 5:30 in the morning.
Tokyo governor Koike said she wants the IOC to explain the decision "to all of the games' stakeholders, including the citizens of Tokyo."
A report released last year by the national government's Board of Audit said Japan is likely to spend $25 billion to prepare for the games. Much of the total is public money, except for the $5.6 billion in the privately funded operating budget.
However, organizers dispute that amount. They say it is about $12 billion. There is a heated debate over which costs are directly related to the Olympics and which ones are not.
Tokyo estimated a total cost of about $7.5 billion when it won the right to hold the games in 2013.
I'm Mario Ritter, Jr.

重点解析

1.related to 与...相关

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Yet political news was often related to economic and social problems.
而政治方面的新闻往往要涉及经济问题和社会问题=3D^MSKrC~s;cDc

2.total cost 总开支

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The total cost of the project would be more than$ 240 million.
该项目的总成本会超过2.4亿美元8*xyaT]wZTXg17yc;

3.public money 公款

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His failure to turn his attention to flagrant wastes of public money is inexcusable.
他未能注意到公共资金的公然浪费,这是不可原谅的#7Vuu]J8=B

4.prepare for 为...做准备

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The players are in defiant mood as they prepare for tomorrow's game
球员在备战明天的比赛时带着蔑视对手的情绪q&syL%+.K(zLm;xK5c

5."We are very surprised to learn of this sudden change of direction," she said.

be surprised to 对...吃惊

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He was surprised to see how carefully she had manicured her broad hands.
看到她如此细心地修剪她那双大手,他十分惊讶fJS|2c[I!(Se
He was surprised to find nobody at home.
家里一个人也没有,他心里很纳罕oOgHRjiUop^(3qFXrLq*

6."I think this could pave the way for us," Sapporo's mayor said.

pave the way for 为...铺平道路

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The truce will pave the way for peace.
这次停战将为讲和铺平道路V+CE-45Iu%
Their economic policy pave the way for industrial expansion.
他们的经济政策为工业发展铺平了道路_fwoS8D1V9nQ,+uam

参考译文

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东京奥运马拉松将改址札幌
在日本东京举办的2020年夏季奥运会上,长跑爱好者们可能无法观看明年的马拉松比赛6Aj2#ZFu7N~Bylsq,(zj
相反,他们可能不得不前往832公里外的北海道岛的札幌Kh8Dmrxnf(C_
国际奥委会(IOC)周三公布了将马拉松和长距离竞走赛事移至札幌的提议.o(t,7k+m&Ery~)T)a。这一变动宣布得很快,几乎没有与当地组织者或政府官员商议Y|f-wz.+9YCl-q
札幌官员对将明年的赛事移至这一日本北部城市的提议感到激动ZKu,3!3,_HPr-A7XDS
札幌市长秋本克弘表示,“我们把这视为一种荣誉”r7-@vu)jkxly4Ix@4
然而,东京方面的反映则不然h9(|i8*_eqF9p]Dn57^。这一变动似乎让当地官员颇感意外ipcJxNEWX|i
周四,东京都知事小池百合子(Yuriko Koike)有些失落MY.tKPeAc1GDwMQ#l09a

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东京奥运马拉松将改址札幌.jpg
她说:“我们对这一突如其来的变故感到震惊MK%ns[capILEtAfES。”她指出了市政府为组织这次赛事付出的努力a-TohxJ&@o[I
不过,小池百合子对国际奥委会对这一变动的解释没有异议Us_g9qG02_5)*E!.W。奥委会注意到东京特别炎热的气候条件以及运动员的安全]ws7=nQd0qgF;
国际奥委会写道:“在奥运会期间,札幌白天的气温比东京低5到6摄氏度iHNQsolqJD^&^)。”
他们希望凉爽的气温能够缓解跑步者的“压力”SXseQI668dD
小池百合子说:“当然,运动员优先的行事准则非常重要wno@FhWc|!lE(Vx;。”
札幌对举办奥运会并不陌生)t5I#f4c_V&y^i。该城市主办过1972年的冬季奥运会(eT)Fqd3]Anbig。札幌还表示有意举办2030年冬季奥运会OxY,^r._G9bb]EjYNH
本周的意外变动可能是第一步lUq1!#7STPrLb-MB+
“我想这也许能为我们铺平道路,”札幌市长说道hcjRMg~E_^6
为何提议改变地点
奥运会官员采取这一行动是鉴于近期卡塔尔多哈举行的世界田径锦标赛的结果70^fqE9156&=G0,
在女子马拉松比赛中,68名参赛选手中有28名未能完成比赛OpFbU_LHPr4。而在男子比赛中,73人中有18人未能完成比赛W~(ja!l[h@vlo。这种情况甚至是在午夜举行比赛时发生的,当时的天气较为凉爽sNC]lz1_kVYQ=l9。然而,当时的温度仍然高达38摄氏度RZo4D9eAR%e
埃塞俄比亚长跑运动员海尔·格布雷塞拉西表示,在女子比赛中,运动员“可能会丧命”Cgcg|Qs#R9k9@6UH7
东京的马拉松比赛将在早上6点开始,以减轻炎热天气对跑步者的影响&lxEHx_sRb。男子50公里竞走决赛预计将在早上5:30开始G~~_C[KIOSAC
东京都知事小池百合子表示,她希望国际奥委会“向包括东京市民在内的所有奥运会利益相关者”解释这一决定W4-7qKo+I=n-Pw
日本国家政府审计委员会去年发布的一份报告称,日本可能会斥资250亿美元来举办奥运会n*au0-u)!StdRvnT~R。除了56亿美元的私人资助预算外,大部分开支由国家出资R8%DRi(Hw+i
然而,组织者对这一数据有异议ym2,Ph5Rg^LL2。他们说,实际金额大约是120亿美元&F_zlc51W@@cpR。关于与奥运会直接相关以及与奥运会无关的费用一直存在着激烈的争论(xm~SnJU,_
东京在2013年赢得奥运会举办权时预估总成本约为75亿美元xwOGD|@9B&P3yj2
小马里奥·里特为您播报3,qkPTNbA)T,x9USQkQ

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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