VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国大学生吸食大麻人数剧增
日期:2019-10-13 22:33

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

The college years in the United States are a time for students to experiment. Many U.S. colleges and universities urge their students to explore a variety of ideas, interests and even ways of thinking that may be different or new to them.
Most Americans who go to college usually do so right after high school, when they are away from home for the first time. John Schulenberg believes that because of this separation from family members, some of the experimentation done on college campuses is not healthy.
Schulenberg is a research professor at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan. He notes that for years, drug and alcohol use by students has been a big issue at U.S. colleges and universities.
Many movies and television shows present drug and alcohol use as just a normal part of the college experience. Yet Schulenberg told VOA that it has a lasting effect on students' overall well-being.

1.jpgThe fact is the brain is still growing ... through the mid-20s, he said.
That is why Schulenberg is concerned about evidence of increasing use of the drug marijuana at U.S. colleges and universities. In July, he and a team of researchers published a study. It found that in 2018, marijuana use among college-aged Americans reached the highest level since 1983.
The researchers examined the behavior of about 1,500 young people, between the ages of 18 and 22, after their final year of high school. Almost 1,000 of these men and women were admitted to a college or university, while the rest were not. The study found that about 43 percent of those questioned reported using marijuana sometime during the past year. About 25 percent reported using it sometime within the past month.
Earlier research has suggested links between heavy marijuana use and poor academic performance and mental health issues. But Schulenberg worries more about another finding of the new study. It shows that the number of people vaping marijuana doubled between 2017 and 2018. They use an electronic device, such as an e-cigarette, to combine water vapor with marijuana. The vapor contains tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, a chemical found naturally in the cannabis plant.

重点解析

1.be concerned about 担心,关心,关注

We must summon everyone who is concerned about this.
我们必须调动所有关注这个问题的力量HUE(aMQ_pS-Z,3YJ

2.away from... 离……

They all live in our life but far away from us.
他们都生活在我们的生活中却又离我们很远@I%qPyTiUtv2a

参考译文

在美国,大学期间是学生们做各种探索的时候F97Y%Lr0J~Bm+VWEzr。很多大学都鼓励学生尝试不同的想法、兴趣甚至自己从未尝试过的思考方式Zb&K9n;,ep=~2]M
大多数上大学的美国人通常在高中一毕业就这样做,这也是他们首次离开自己的家2,tf]o[lIC@![e。约翰认为,由于与家人分开,所有在大学校园里完成的一些探索性尝试可能对身体不好~mEwaV!gzHv6[
约翰是密歇根大学社会研究所的一名研究教授Alch1!Hc*^[Ji32U#。他表示,近年来,学生们吸食毒品、饮酒,这已经成为美国许多大学的重大问题107J)#TLr]F=1z
很多电影和电视秀都将使用毒品和酒作为大学生活中正常的内容来展现xTCVP0*L~4vd~Vy。但约翰在接受VOA采访时表示,这样的做法对学生整体情况有持续的影响9JLpw!Xd#(,XV8T,tjh2
约翰说,事实是——20多岁的时候,大脑依然在发育9YD]uyw)Bw]OP
正因如此,约翰很担心,因为有证据表明,美国大学生越来越多地使用了毒品——大麻VKeR8M6%j=CO。7月,约翰和一组研究人员发布了一则研究C4c9V6sjCwpiYrXP。研究发现,2018年,美国大学生使用大麻的总量达到了1983年以来的最高峰t];i]B=V|Uy(_
他们研究了近1500名年轻人的行为,这些年轻人年龄都在18-22岁之间,他们都高中毕业了Iacngi1,dZJ.。其中,近1000人已经获得大学录取,而剩下的人还则没有获得大学录取p#m~X@Y|48。研究发现,近43%接受研究的人都在这一年里有使用大麻的行为[+xe!aJp&ZK)!&nXl4g。近25%的人在过去的一个月里有使用大麻的行为I3XWJc(cTkstX6ib,
此前有研究表明,过度使用大麻与学业成绩不佳、心理健康有问题之间存在联系.w4@fDv2WBcUK]w_tC-9。但约翰更担心的是该新研究的另一项发现——2017-2018年间,吸食大麻的人数翻了一番*oNTf-.0X[gf^z。他们使用电子烟,将水蒸气与大麻混合起来吸食&=!#E^b4%wGBv!E8k。水蒸气中含有四氢大麻酚,这种化学物质在植物大麻中天然存在buDvPKUrA5FU+6fu)V

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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