VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2018、2019年诺贝尔文学奖揭晓!
日期:2019-10-12 17:23

(单词翻译:单击)

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Writers from Austria and Poland Win 2018, 2019 Nobel Prize in Literature
The Swedish Academy has named Polish writer Olga Tokarczuk winner of the 2019 Nobel Prize for Literature.
It also announced that it was honoring Austrian Peter Handke with the 2018 Nobel Prize for Literature. The Academy cancelled the prize last year after many members fled the organization following sexual abuse accusations linked to it.
The Academy said it awarded Tokarczuk for imaginative writing that "represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life."
The Polish writer's first published work came in 1989, a book of poetry called Cities in Mirrors. Her first novel, The Journey of the Book-People, was published in 1993. Last year, Tokarczuk became the first Polish writer to win Britain's Man Booker Prize for International Literature for her novel Flights. Her novel Drive Your Plow Over the Bones of the Dead, was on the short list of nominees for the 2019 prize as well. That prize went to another writer.
Tokarczuk spoke Thursday with readers in Bielefeld, Germany, hours after she won the Nobel. Asked about her profession, she said she was trained as a mental health professional. But she said, "I can only write." She said she is always working at the job, which includes traveling, observing and collecting facts as well as writing.
She also said she knew she might be a possible candidate for the award but she was not expecting it. She got a telephone call from the Swedish Academy while she was in a car.
"So it happened somewhere on a German highway, I don't even know exactly where," Tokarczuk said, to laughter.
Poland's finance minister says he will waive the tax expected on the $905,000 prize. The official admitted he has not read any of Tokarczuk's books but said he was happy at her success.
Tokarczuk has been deeply critical of Poland's conservative government.
The Swedish Academy said it named Peter Handke winner of the 2018 prize for "influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience."
Handke's first novel was published in 1966. He also writes plays and is a political activist. The Austrian writer was an opponent of NATO's airstrikes against Serbia in the Kosovo war of the late 1990s. He was a supporter of the Serbian government under the leadership of Slobodan Milosevic. Handke has denied that Bosnian Serb troops carried out a campaign of genocide in the killing of 8,000 civilians in Srebrenica during the Bosnian war in the 1990s.
As a result, some critics are angry that he was given the Nobel Prize.
The Kosovo ambassador to the United States wrote in a Twitter post Thursday, "Something has gone terribly wrong!" She criticized the Nobel committee for choosing someone she said spreads ethnic hatred and violence.
At home in Paris Thursday, Handke called the decision to give him the literature award "courageous." He said the recognition gave him "a strange kind of freedom."
Serbian media and officials praised Peter Handke and his win. They described the writer as a "great friend" of the Serbs.
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.finance minister 财政部长

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The finance minister will continue to mastermind Poland's economic reform.
财政部长将继续策划波兰的经济改革BV4R%pSc1]

2.ethnic hatred 种族仇恨

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The rioting seemed primarily an eruption of ethnic hatred.
根本来说,这次暴行是一次民族仇恨的爆发aax8(S%AGeI=l

3.carried out 实施

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Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.
法医专家对残骸进行了极其仔细的搜索YWMb&&YlAODM

4.as well

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He should pay and maintain you as well.
他得给你钱,还得供养你m)E+PIf+L5UX5

5.She said she is always working at the job, which includes traveling, observing and collecting facts as well as writing.

as well as 和...一样

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Moral as well as financial support was what the West should provide.
西方国家应该提供道义支持和经济援助yo!Ye24PD2MihiU8qJ
She can play tennis as well as basketball.
她也会打篮球,也会打网球iRhlL~&3(JiK5!D9B

6.As a result, some critics are angry that he was given the Nobel Prize.

As a result 结果

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As a result, industry was overmanned and pen-pushers were everywhere.
结果是,企业人浮于事,到处都是耍笔杆子的人tDB+IS(FWD;
As a result, the bad thing has been turned into a good one.
结果坏事变成了好事3rx0aBVS+xKMLHdw(#

参考译文

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2018、2019年诺贝尔文学奖揭晓!
瑞典文学院宣布波兰作家奥尔加·托卡尔丘克为2019年诺贝尔文学奖得主lc7mcD4[OW
该院还宣布奥地利作家彼得·汉德克获得2018年诺贝尔文学奖3DuGJ#a2#HMYvwd,fh。去年,瑞典文学院取消了该奖项的颁奖,起因是许多成员卷入该院的性侵指控后退出了该组织~di;uRTL~Coi|L!&UR-
瑞典文学院表示,授予托卡尔丘克该奖项是因为她富有想象力的作品“代表了一种跨越边界的生活方式laY]5A]JDP=W+g^HCK#。”
这位波兰作家的首部作品是发表于1989年的《镜子里的城市》诗集[UMt@qZtlQ;d。她的第一部小说《书中人物旅行记》于1993年出版yCLA~kBew7。去年,托卡尔丘克凭借其小说《航班》成为首位获得英国布克国际文学奖的波兰作家jIeW;zKDEG。她的小说《让你的犁头碾着死人的白骨前进》也入围了该奖项2019年度的入围名单zTwpJZrU=YZU2.l-ZT&。最终获奖者另有其人rUCWJ33*4W*L[Gq9ROD

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2018、2019年诺贝尔文学奖揭晓!.jpg
托卡尔丘克周四在获奖数小时后,在德国的比勒菲尔德与读者进行了交流qmO0k(#TAdS。当被问及她的职业时她表示,她的专业目标是成为一位心理健康专家Rpf8jrMknWAZo!3。但她表示:“我只会写作KyXPL8=m|h8FXs2N。”她说她一直在做这项工作,包括旅行、观察和收集素材以及写作b!n98VejR3ECv(;*YN
她还表示,对于可能入围该奖项她早有预感,但是没想到会夺魁ad4DFj#X-CA||ljKT4。当时在车上的时候她接到了瑞典文学院的贺电*KZfln[JoWcKEK
托卡尔丘克表示:“获悉得奖时,我正在德国的高速公路上,我甚至不知道具体位置在哪Q@[eC_Km]]v#DAMC0hOm。”
波兰的财政部长表示,他将会免除这笔90.5万美元奖金的预期税款@&mns4n,-OR(7!。这位官员承认,他还未拜读过托卡尔丘克的任何作品,但是同样会为她的成就感到高兴L=m8XPV]qYTdT
托卡尔丘克一直对波兰保守政府持严厉批评态度tEf5rbMUu^
瑞典文学院表示,彼得·汉德克获得2018年诺贝尔文学奖是因为他“具有影响力的作品用语言独创性探索了人类经验的边缘和特殊性IdTj1D)E;(W。”
汉德克的首部小说发表于1966年0lYCH]Do*BW~ueKAU。他还是一位剧作家和政治活动家Aa5mfX;,jCxnH|89FKh。这位奥地利作家反对上世纪90年代科索沃战争中北约空袭塞尔维亚nS|hmvo_fhCw)0。他支持斯洛博丹·米洛舍维奇领导下的塞尔维亚政府b%Sf_!W;Tz08)Ca。汉德克否认波斯尼亚塞族军队在上世纪90年代的波斯尼亚战争期间,对斯雷布雷尼察的8000名平民进行种族灭绝x;#CLIfUhbT=A(
因此,一些评论家对他获得诺贝尔文学奖感到愤慨daW#QJ&nRo
科索沃驻美国大使周四在推特上写道:“这种人居然会得奖!”她批评诺贝尔委员会把奖颁给了她所谓的散布种族仇恨和暴力的人士ax_)MazBdke=hT|b3&c
周四,汉德克在巴黎的家中表示,将诺贝尔文学奖授予他的行为是“果敢的”&P~No0((fYMS。他说,这种认可给了他“一种奇怪的自由dg4qF3iP,m]xSb。”
塞尔维亚媒体和官员对汉德克本人以及获奖一事表示赞赏*MtWkYWVXcynp~。他们称,这位作家是塞尔维亚人的“好朋友BVftoI7;mB8。”
卡蒂·韦佛为您播报(Pu-SaFFj1R%Z66EOD

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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