Writers from Austria and Poland Win 2018, 2019 Nobel Prize in Literature
The Swedish Academy has named Polish writer Olga Tokarczuk winner of the 2019 Nobel Prize for Literature.
It also announced that it was honoring Austrian Peter Handke with the 2018 Nobel Prize for Literature. The Academy cancelled the prize last year after many members fled the organization following sexual abuse accusations linked to it.
The Academy said it awarded Tokarczuk for imaginative writing that "represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life."
The Polish writer's first published work came in 1989, a book of poetry called Cities in Mirrors. Her first novel, The Journey of the Book-People, was published in 1993. Last year, Tokarczuk became the first Polish writer to win Britain's Man Booker Prize for International Literature for her novel Flights. Her novel Drive Your Plow Over the Bones of the Dead, was on the short list of nominees for the 2019 prize as well. That prize went to another writer.
Tokarczuk spoke Thursday with readers in Bielefeld, Germany, hours after she won the Nobel. Asked about her profession, she said she was trained as a mental health professional. But she said, "I can only write." She said she is always working at the job, which includes traveling, observing and collecting facts as well as writing.
She also said she knew she might be a possible candidate for the award but she was not expecting it. She got a telephone call from the Swedish Academy while she was in a car.
"So it happened somewhere on a German highway, I don't even know exactly where," Tokarczuk said, to laughter.
Poland's finance minister says he will waive the tax expected on the $905,000 prize. The official admitted he has not read any of Tokarczuk's books but said he was happy at her success.
Tokarczuk has been deeply critical of Poland's conservative government.
The Swedish Academy said it named Peter Handke winner of the 2018 prize for "influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience."
Handke's first novel was published in 1966. He also writes plays and is a political activist. The Austrian writer was an opponent of NATO's airstrikes against Serbia in the Kosovo war of the late 1990s. He was a supporter of the Serbian government under the leadership of Slobodan Milosevic. Handke has denied that Bosnian Serb troops carried out a campaign of genocide in the killing of 8,000 civilians in Srebrenica during the Bosnian war in the 1990s.
As a result, some critics are angry that he was given the Nobel Prize.
The Kosovo ambassador to the United States wrote in a Twitter post Thursday, "Something has gone terribly wrong!" She criticized the Nobel committee for choosing someone she said spreads ethnic hatred and violence.
At home in Paris Thursday, Handke called the decision to give him the literature award "courageous." He said the recognition gave him "a strange kind of freedom."
Serbian media and officials praised Peter Handke and his win. They described the writer as a "great friend" of the Serbs.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.finance minister 财政部长
The finance minister will continue to mastermind Poland's economic reform.
2.ethnic hatred 种族仇恨
The rioting seemed primarily an eruption of ethnic hatred.
3.carried out 实施
Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.
4.as well 也
He should pay and maintain you as well.
5.She said she is always working at the job, which includes traveling, observing and collecting facts as well as writing.
as well as 和...一样
Moral as well as financial support was what the West should provide.
She can play tennis as well as basketball.
6.As a result, some critics are angry that he was given the Nobel Prize.
As a result 结果
As a result, industry was overmanned and pen-pushers were everywhere.
As a result, the bad thing has been turned into a good one.
该院还宣布奥地利作家彼得·汉德克获得2018年诺贝尔文学奖 。去年，瑞典文学院取消了该奖项的颁奖，起因是许多成员卷入该院的性侵指控后退出了该组织 。
这位波兰作家的首部作品是发表于1989年的《镜子里的城市》诗集 。她的第一部小说《书中人物旅行记》于1993年出版 。去年，托卡尔丘克凭借其小说《航班》成为首位获得英国布克国际文学奖的波兰作家 。她的小说《让你的犁头碾着死人的白骨前进》也入围了该奖项2019年度的入围名单 。最终获奖者另有其人 。
托卡尔丘克周四在获奖数小时后，在德国的比勒菲尔德与读者进行了交流 。当被问及她的职业时她表示，她的专业目标是成为一位心理健康专家 。但她表示：“我只会写作 。”她说她一直在做这项工作，包括旅行、观察和收集素材以及写作 。
她还表示，对于可能入围该奖项她早有预感，但是没想到会夺魁 。当时在车上的时候她接到了瑞典文学院的贺电 。
波兰的财政部长表示，他将会免除这笔90.5万美元奖金的预期税款 。这位官员承认，他还未拜读过托卡尔丘克的任何作品，但是同样会为她的成就感到高兴 。
汉德克的首部小说发表于1966年 。他还是一位剧作家和政治活动家 。这位奥地利作家反对上世纪90年代科索沃战争中北约空袭塞尔维亚 。他支持斯洛博丹·米洛舍维奇领导下的塞尔维亚政府 。汉德克否认波斯尼亚塞族军队在上世纪90年代的波斯尼亚战争期间，对斯雷布雷尼察的8000名平民进行种族灭绝 。
周四，汉德克在巴黎的家中表示，将诺贝尔文学奖授予他的行为是“果敢的” 。他说，这种认可给了他“一种奇怪的自由 。”
塞尔维亚媒体和官员对汉德克本人以及获奖一事表示赞赏 。他们称，这位作家是塞尔维亚人的“好朋友 。”