英国新闻讲解附字幕:伊拉克婚姻的阴暗面
日期:2019-10-10 09:32

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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BBC News with Chris Barrow. A BBC investigation in Iraq has found evidence of the sexual exploitation of children and young women by some Shia Muslim clerics. It involves a practice known as pleasure marriage in which men are allows to take a wife for a short period. This is sometimes permitted in Shia Islam, but is outlawed in Iraq. Nawal Al-Maghafi reports. Pleasure marriage is a controversial religious practice used by Shia Muslims for a temporary marriage with a woman with paid money. But it's illegal under Iraqi civil law. A BBC News Arabic team conducted a ten-month investigation into the practice filming Shia clerics undercover. They approached 10 clerics at the Kadhimiya shrine in Baghdad, one of the most important sites in Shia islam. Eight of them said they would carry out pleasure marriages. The team also found some clerics were willing to perform such ceremonies for underage girls, with some of them as young as nine.

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Iraq's prime minister has warned that there's no magic solution to tackling the country's problems following a third day of anti-government unrest. Adil Abdul-Mahdi says the demonstrators were right to demand an end to corruption, but added that it would take time. He promised to try to pass a new law to grant poor Iraqis a basic income.

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Democrats overseeing the impeachment investigation into President Trump have expressed grave concern about his latest actions. The chairs of three Congressional committees have written a letter accusing Mr. Trump of mounting a misinformation campaign. Chris Buckler reports. In an open letter, senior Democrats in the House Foreign Affairs, Intelligence and Oversight Committees accuse president Trump of being unethical and unpatriotic in encouraging Ukraine to investigate his political rival Joe Biden. They've also published text that they received as part of their impeachment inquiries, in which the leading US diplomat in Ukraine Bill Taylor says that he thinks it would be crazy to withhold security assistance to try to ensure help with a political campaign. However, the American ambassador to Europe replies that the president had stated that there was to be no quid pro quos.

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Senior officials in the US, Britain and Australia have criticized Facebook's plans to encrypt its messaging services, saying it could have security implications. They've called for the Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg to halt the encryption plan. Gordon Corera explains. This would mean only the sender and recipient are able to read a message. Privacy advocates say this increases everyone's security. But it would mean that even if law enforcement agencies served a legal demand on Facebook to provide access to the content of a message, the company wouldn't be able to assist. The letter warns this would severely erode the ability of tech companies to respond to illegal content and activity, such as child sexual exploitation and terrorism, putting citizens and societies at risk. Gordon Corera. World news from the BBC.

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译文由可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载E[Js,cE4&k(

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重点解析

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1.They've called for the Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg to halt the encryption plan.

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call for 要求

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It's a situation that calls for a blend of delicacy and force.
应付这种局面需要刚柔并济(#;ZdlLGAVOZ

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2.Eight of them said they would carry out pleasure marriages.

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carry out 实施

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Police say they believe the attacks were carried out by nationalists
警方说,他们认为袭击是民族主义分子发动的9HMGC&e1cMTQBy

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3.The team also found some clerics were willing to perform such ceremonies for underage girls, with some of them as young as nine.

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be willing to 乐意

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The government must feel secure before it will be willing to make the concessions needed for peace.
政府只有有足够的把够了才会愿意为和平作出让步J.V.65Qi,3

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参考翻译

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克里斯·巴洛为您播报BBC新闻y@RyMjY#YNiOA2GJLCCz。BBC在伊拉克的一项调查发现了一些什叶派穆斯林神职人员对儿童和年轻女性进行性剥削的证据KmW+*S2dQD。其中涉及一种被称为“快乐婚姻”的行为,在这种婚姻中,男人可以娶一个“短期”的妻子ok99WM-oH(c^SKdc。这种行为在什叶派伊斯兰中有时是允许的,但在伊拉克是非法的p-Nb*z0NNTnm。以下是诺瓦尔·阿尔墨伽菲的报道sPD6OiR40,nMN。“快乐婚姻”是什叶派穆斯林的一种有争议的宗教习俗,他们花钱雇佣女人进行“短期婚姻”E-zO7#j2mP;R5GZRb。但根据伊拉克民法,这是违法的KzYlxv[D(uY)LpC。BBC新闻阿拉伯的一个团队采用卧底的方式对什叶派神职人员的行为进行了10个月的调查#Xdqy~uBJMVKivn@f。他们接近了巴格达卡迪米亚清真寺的10名神职人员,这里是什叶派最重要的圣地之一fNshY7_F,L。其中8人表示,他们会进行“快乐婚姻”87~-Z^6f2ka,ZvG8Xa。调查小组还发现,一些神职人员会选择和未成年女孩举行这样的仪式,其中一些年仅9岁BbyU;uFoc;Lrx

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伊拉克总理警告称,在反政府动乱进入第三天之后,已经没有解决国家问题的灵丹妙药了SkPI#1[=PZjCq。阿迪勒·阿卜杜勒-迈赫迪表示,示威者要求结束腐败是正确的,但是他补充说,这需要时间12;o~Vv*AIr*Q&CLKgF。他承诺将努力通过一项新的法律,给予贫穷的伊拉克人基本的收入保障*Bm)IZaUANe1kM5s

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负责对特朗普总统进行弹劾调查的民主党人对他的最新行动表示严重关切vAjQCr!L!.G&g#EX。三个国会委员会的主席写了一封信,指责特朗普发起了一场虚假宣传活动^g&SnN[J1=#^Fn。以下是克里斯·巴克勒的报告sw!3]Csq++bFUO|HZx。在这封公开信中,众议院外交、情报和监督委员会的资深民主党人指责特朗普总统鼓励乌克兰调查他的政治对手拜登存在不道德和不爱国的行为6,Jz1kkOm9um3。他们还公布了弹劾调查收到的文本,驻乌克兰的美国首席外交官比尔·泰勒表示,他认为特朗普为了获得政治竞选的帮助,以拒绝安全援助作为筹码的行为是疯狂的yb#OPdw,vgG6=。然而,美国驻欧洲大使回应称,总统已经声明,不存在任何交换条件UGAkj.kvwe!R

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美国、英国和澳大利亚的高级官员批评了Facebook加密其消息服务的计划,称这可能涉及安全问题[LVzz8^XzN6Cf;mD#U+#。他们要求Facebook首席执行官马克·扎克伯格停止加密计划V+,2Q;#o*GV。以下是哥顿·克雷拉的报道1l0Fy8nhahvoRSRs。信息加密意味着只有发送方和接收方能够读取消息%MTw,MA)|bcdxd%v=。隐私倡导者认为,这提高了每个人的信息安全%%,O^!19N#F-kK。但这也意味着,即使执法机构对Facebook提出了提供信息内容访问权限的法律要求,该公司也无法提供帮助,R0*2R1yD@。信中警告称,这将严重削弱科技公司应对儿童性剥削和恐怖主义等非法内容和活动的能力,将公民和社会置于危险之中sL,x1&c6pDe8d#+hT[。哥顿·克雷拉报道,BBC国际新闻3.1b[Y)73V

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重点单词
  • exploitationn. 开发,开采,利用
  • grantn. 授予物,补助金; 同意,给予 n. 财产转让 vt
  • respondv. 回答,答复,反应,反响,响应 n. [建]壁
  • shrinen. 圣地,神龛,庙 v. 将 ... 置于神龛内,把
  • corruptionn. 腐败,堕落,贪污
  • assistn. 帮助,协助,协助的器械 vt. 帮助,协助 vi.
  • executiveadj. 行政的,决策的,经营的,[计算机]执行指令 n
  • rivaln. 对手,同伴,竞争者 adj. 竞争的 v. 竞争,
  • campaignn. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动 v. 从事运动,参加竞
  • assistancen. 帮助,援助