VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):联合国称每11秒一名婴儿或孕妇死亡
日期:2019-10-01 08:46

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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UN: Among Babies and Pregnant Mothers, a Death Every 11 Seconds

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More women and newborns survive now than ever before, says a new United Nations report. But it also found that a baby or a pregnant woman still dies every 11 seconds somewhere in the world.

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The UN agencies UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO) wrote the report. It says that child deaths have decreased by almost half since the year 2000. Deaths of pregnant women have dropped by more than a third.

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These reductions are mostly the result of wider availability of lower-cost, good quality health services.

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But the latest data also showed that 5.3 million children worldwide died in 2018 by the age of five. Almost half of those deaths happened before a baby turned one month.

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The data also showed more than 290,000 women died because of problems during pregnancy and childbirth in 2017.

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Henrietta Fore is UNICEF's lead director. She said in a report, "A skilled pair of hands to help mothers and newborns around the time of birth, along with clean water, adequate nutrition, basic medicines and vaccines, can make the difference between life and death."

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Fore urged governments and health leaders to invest in health services to, in her words, "do all it takes ... to save these precious lives."

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The data showed huge inequalities around the world. Women and young children in sub-Saharan Africa, for example, have a much higher risk of death than in other large areas.

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Levels of maternal deaths are nearly 50 times higher for women in sub-Saharan Africa than in wealthy countries. Babies born there are also 10 times more likely to die in their first month of life, the report found.

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The report did note improvements. Since 1990, there has been a 56-percent drop in deaths of children under 15, from 14.2 million a year to 6.2 million in 2018.

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Countries in eastern and southeastern Asia have made the most progress. Those areas have seen an 80 percent drop in the number of deaths among children under five.

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I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.maternal deaths 孕产妇死亡

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They say the progress is a result of greater efforts to reduce maternal deaths.

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他们说,取得的这种进展是各国努力减少孕产妇死亡的结果DWKiPZzD28+kFDHC

2.health services 卫生服务

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This part of the resort has some health services.

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部分度假胜地有一些医疗卫生服务6MjCeKj=yEGiQF*U7l

3.around the world 全球

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About one million workers around the world joined in the strike.

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全世界约有一百万工人加入了罢工的行列ee]c@vA7bAxntDpjWv;

4.along with 伴随着

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I’ll go along with you on this one.

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在这一点上我同意你的看法=%pRmoE*o@9HF

5.A skilled pair of hands to help mothers and newborns around the time of birth, along with clean water, adequate nutrition, basic medicines and vaccines, can make the difference between life and death."

make the difference 有影响

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The extra time you spend in planning and consultation will make the difference.

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你在计划和会诊所花的额外时间将会带来不同的治疗结果k0%Ln-UM-YG

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In this type of game just small details make the difference.

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在这种级别的比赛中,微小的细节可能导致极大的不同U&G;g,&rslIu1=W|1RtN

6.A skilled pair of hands to help mothers and newborns around the time of birth, along with clean water, adequate nutrition, basic medicines and vaccines, can make the difference between life and death."

around the time of 在...之际

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Why do people do that around the time of Dragon Boat Festival?

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为什么人们在端午节期间都会这么做?

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He testified that he had seen the man leaving the building around the time of the murder.

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他作证说他曾经看到那人差不多在谋杀发生时离开大楼_U8wij;c(qC;JG

参考译文

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联合国称每11秒一名婴儿或孕妇死亡

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一份新的联合国报告称,现在妇女和新生儿存活率高于以往任何时候X8x^ulILe-WC。但研究还发现,全球每11秒就有一个婴儿或孕妇死亡#s0xOAbvtY+nkl&3

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联合国儿童基金会和世界卫生组织(WHO)撰写了这份报告nNg,[)&MV[pfD2|I;pD&。报告称,自2000年以来,儿童死亡人数减少近半XH%77X2hOzQq1wH。孕妇的死亡人数减少超过三分之一[^isJ)LQ40EUb,YSPX5

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死亡人数减少主要是由于更广泛地提供低成本、高质量的卫生服务s.^Ebwh.Fl

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联合国称每11秒有一名婴儿和孕妇死亡.jpg

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但最新数据还显示,2018年全球不满5岁死亡的儿童数量达到530万C16dVcBHd@H。其中近半的死亡发生在婴儿满月前^*z|fxKPl+@*#

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数据还显示,2017年有29万多名妇女死于怀孕和分娩期间的并发症!sMD+X3g.A+E&,Dm

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亨丽埃塔·福尔(Henrietta Fore)是联合国儿童基金会的首席主任OO=HYUvn7xk-#l。她在一份报告中表示,“在新生儿出生前后,熟练的接生技术,加上干净的水源、充足的营养、基本药物和疫苗,这些因素能决定生死8VoNN@zfSb5U=ywoRb。”

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福尔敦促各国政府和卫生领导人投资于卫生服务,用她的话说,“竭尽全力……来拯救这些宝贵的生命l9@iV~,=8B_v。”

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这份数据显示,世界各地存在着严重的不平等H2k^Zq]E!s30(*。例如,撒哈拉以南非洲地区的妇女和儿童的死亡风险高于其他大型地区AVOU)cvjjI;

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撒哈拉以南非洲地区妇女的孕产妇死亡率是富裕国家的近50倍CF;96+4ys-)9v。报告还发现,在那里出生的婴儿在出生后的第一个月死亡的可能性同样高出10倍gYC%#s7Y%,a^pLV&S

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报告确实指出了所取得一些成果WwmY_ZHYU(C8|G*-Ug。自1990年以来,15岁以下儿童的死亡率下降了56%,从每年1420万下降至2018年的620万4rME;Vz+GIFZF

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东亚和东南亚国家取得的进展最为明显NT4.dp2RAYr5*E。这些地区五岁以下儿童的死亡人数下降了80%1K0SbXGyEz6X.

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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