VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国政府再降难民接收上限
日期:2019-09-30 10:46

(单词翻译:单击)

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U.S. Administration Proposes Historically Low Refugee Limit
American President Donald Trump and his administration have proposed that the United States accept up to 18,000 refugees in the coming year.
The State Department said the proposed number would be the lowest since 1980.
For the 12 months ending on September 30, the country will have accepted about 30,000 refugees.
If the administration's proposal is approved, next year will be the third year of cuts to refugee resettlement under the Trump presidency.
The final decision will be made in the coming weeks. It will come in what U.S. officials are calling "presidential determination." A top administration official said the decision will be made after discussions with Congress.
No new refugees can be admitted in the fiscal year of 2020 until the presidential determination is approved. The fiscal year is related to government spending. It begins on October 1 and continues until the end of September the following year.
New refugee resettlement proposals
Before Trump's election in 2016, the Associated Press reported, the number of refugees accepted was between 60,000 and 70,000 a year, on average.
During the final year of Barack Obama's presidency, the refugee limit was set at 110,000. Trump reduced that number by more than half in his first year as president. At the time, Trump noted concerns about national security.
Supporters of resettling refugees had called for a limit of 95,000 in 2020.
Daryl Grisgarber deals with humanitarian issues for the aid group Oxfam America. He criticized the administration proposal shortly after it was announced Thursday.
"Today's refugee admissions announcement is a signal to the world that the U.S. is no longer a welcoming place," he said.
The proposed limit on refugees is one of three changes to the resettlement program.
The president also approved an executive order that will require state and local governments to "consent" to accept refugees for resettlement. The move would give states the ability to prevent nonprofit organizations operating in the state from accepting refugees. The move comes after Tennessee officials unsuccessfully brought legal action against the federal government to stop resettlement in their state.
Krish O'Mara Vignarajah is president of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service. She disagreed with Trump's executive order and said that immigration was a federal issue.
Critics of the U.S. refugee program have called for the number of admissions to be cut and other changes.
The acting director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Ken Cuccinelli, is suggesting additional changes. He said, "I think you might see some other entities that get to play a role in making decisions about refugees and resettlement here in the near future."
Cuccinelli spoke to the group Center for Immigration Studies.
In addition to the new limit and new powers for state and local officials, the State Department is creating a new classification for refugees.
For the 2020 fiscal year, the total number would include up to 5,000 refugees persecuted because of their religious beliefs. The U.S. would accept 4,000 Iraqis who assisted the U.S. military during operations in Iraq. And it would accept up to 1,500 refugees from the countries of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras.

重点解析

1.religious beliefs 宗教信仰

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He refuses to compete on Sundays because of his religious beliefs.
出于宗教信仰,他拒绝在礼拜天进行比赛owf,wtA#!Ta+(hUe3@n

2.fiscal year 财政年度

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As to your wish to have an extra secretary, let's leave it open until the next fiscal year.
你希望增补一名秘书的事,到下一财政年度再定M(]d2Frs.%tIJd&B[

3.aid group 救援组织

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An experienced aid group would monitor and help her.
一家有经验的援助组织会观察并帮助她ox;Z3HWDVT^M(q

4.the total number 总数

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The total number of species on the planet appears to be growing by leaps and bounds.
地球上的物种数目似乎正飞速增长*r9)Q[Q9A*[2AJ(ip.1

5.I think you might see some other entities that get to play a role in making decisions about refugees and resettlement here in the near future.

play a role in 在...发挥作用

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They also believe many of these genes also play a role in body weight regulation or fat metabolism.
他们同时相信这些基因在脂肪代谢和体重调节发挥作用WD.SJ2beE(yA%bc
However, it is important to note that they play a role in setting the iteration content moving forward.
然而,重要的是,注意它们在推进迭代内容的工作中扮演重要角色21j1ycn^77jxbe|Of^C

6.I think you might see some other entities that get to play a role in making decisions about refugees and resettlement here in the near future.

in the near future 在不远的将来

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The President will visit China in the near future.
总统将在近期内访华IHaNeHG.3Uu1M8
The controversy regarding vitamin C is unlikely to be resolved in the near future.
关于维生素C的争议短期内不可能平息JAxI[KcMYo11l

参考译文

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美国政府再降难民接收上限
美国总统特朗普及其政府提出,美国明年将接收多达1.8万名难民A6.YRPx|c4A|_jl
美国国务院表示,这一提议数字将是1980年以来的最低水平I([tq^]6L^#qfqiC~~OK
截至今年9月30日的前12个月,美国将接收大约3万名难民3U^2s2enMlB@(
如果政府的这一提议获得批准,明年将是特朗普任期内第三年削减难民安置e0XswdVA(-C4&j
最终决定将会在未来几周内做出)O90pwCThz@Wz|n。这将是美国官员所说的“总统决定”#6HjF.~|^~2。一位政府高级官员表示,这一决定将在与国会商讨后做出6@r;MO-8-1(f%R
在总统的决定得到批准前,2020年财政年度将不会接收任何新难民m24JE5t*!w2jes.XJxlM。财政年度与政府的支出有关[EvK,KM=)[&s2;0JyF[a。它从当年10月1日一直持续到来年9月底iG]WX)R=%GddnIJTW8+

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美国政府再降难民接收上限.jpg
难民安置新提议
据美联社报道,在特朗普2016年当选之前,美国年均接收难民人数在6到7万之间t3AgQG]Ae.HB5IG+j%
在奥巴马总统任期的最后一年,难民安置人数限制在11万tTX.7h.C1U^;3BQAbNt。特朗普总统在总统任期第一年就将这一数字削减了半数以上=b3MPNnwh,A+9W#_OQ+a。当时,特朗普提到了对国家安全的担忧zm_RVqSf5lk2tzsGOZ
支持者呼吁将2020年的难民安置人数限制在9.5万人dLdUyDvk28|~CF=w%@
达里尔·格里斯加伯为援助组织“美国乐施会”处理人道主义问题@D)[-5+0i7F;。在周四特朗普政府的该提议发布后不久,他就提出了批评L#-Preck@lr3Ecy3|
他说:“今天宣布的难民接收人数是在向世界传达,美国不再欢迎你们c-_L_jV8J64q2rKK。”
拟议的难民限制是难民安置项目三大改革之一KQP#7Y,!==ll
特朗普总统还批准了一项行政命令,要求各州和地方政府“同意”接受难民重新安置&3lQds4n+nZ0_。此举将使各州有权阻止在该州开展活动的非营利组织接收难民.LI|3V_s4@|jJ,Yu8T。这是在田纳西州官员起诉联邦政府,要求其停止在该州安置难民失败后做出的rt%X146+7j3,m2o
克里斯·奥玛拉·维格纳罗加是路德教会移民和难民服务处的负责人g_UGGTp^fB,。她不赞成特朗普的行政命令,并称移民是联邦问题TIwi%Y#*6TFig7)q
美国难民项目的批评者呼吁减少接收难民人数,并做出其他改变mlsV-IN-CJ|b^g&4pW
美国公民及移民服务局代理局长肯·库奇内利建议进行更多改革_kqKR!yOI)8#7+cu。他说:“我认为,在不久的将来你可能会看到其它一些机构在难民和安置问题的决断上发挥作用VW87lloKFr。”
库奇内利向移民研究中心发表了这一讲话.9YMmkIVLcHdaYL4zhG
除了难民安置的新限制以及州和地方官员的新权力,国务院还为难民创建了新的分类^t5U8]a66_zNUQGlUR
在2020年财政年度,难民安置总人数将会包括多达5000名因宗教信仰受到迫害的难民^oWDhesMC(。美国将接收4000名在伊拉克作战期间协助美军的伊拉克人)k.I%[YmXZy=;-。美国还将会接收来自萨尔瓦多、危地马拉和洪都拉斯的多达1500名难民W,67)Rs-r#x2)^m2YM;K

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重点单词
  • executiveadj. 行政的,决策的,经营的,[计算机]执行指令 n
  • announcementn. 通知,发表,宣布
  • signaln. 信号,标志 v. (发信号)通知、表示 adj.
  • legaladj. 法律的,合法的,法定的
  • consentn. 同意,许可 v. 同意,承诺
  • proposaln. 求婚,提议,建议
  • controversyn. (公开的)争论,争议
  • regulationn. 规则,规章,管理 adj. 规定的,官方的
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • militaryadj. 军事的 n. 军队