U.S. Administration Proposes Historically Low Refugee Limit
American President Donald Trump and his administration have proposed that the United States accept up to 18,000 refugees in the coming year.
The State Department said the proposed number would be the lowest since 1980.
For the 12 months ending on September 30, the country will have accepted about 30,000 refugees.
If the administration's proposal is approved, next year will be the third year of cuts to refugee resettlement under the Trump presidency.
The final decision will be made in the coming weeks. It will come in what U.S. officials are calling "presidential determination." A top administration official said the decision will be made after discussions with Congress.
No new refugees can be admitted in the fiscal year of 2020 until the presidential determination is approved. The fiscal year is related to government spending. It begins on October 1 and continues until the end of September the following year.
New refugee resettlement proposals
Before Trump's election in 2016, the Associated Press reported, the number of refugees accepted was between 60,000 and 70,000 a year, on average.
During the final year of Barack Obama's presidency, the refugee limit was set at 110,000. Trump reduced that number by more than half in his first year as president. At the time, Trump noted concerns about national security.
Supporters of resettling refugees had called for a limit of 95,000 in 2020.
Daryl Grisgarber deals with humanitarian issues for the aid group Oxfam America. He criticized the administration proposal shortly after it was announced Thursday.
"Today's refugee admissions announcement is a signal to the world that the U.S. is no longer a welcoming place," he said.
The proposed limit on refugees is one of three changes to the resettlement program.
The president also approved an executive order that will require state and local governments to "consent" to accept refugees for resettlement. The move would give states the ability to prevent nonprofit organizations operating in the state from accepting refugees. The move comes after Tennessee officials unsuccessfully brought legal action against the federal government to stop resettlement in their state.
Krish O'Mara Vignarajah is president of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service. She disagreed with Trump's executive order and said that immigration was a federal issue.
Critics of the U.S. refugee program have called for the number of admissions to be cut and other changes.
The acting director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Ken Cuccinelli, is suggesting additional changes. He said, "I think you might see some other entities that get to play a role in making decisions about refugees and resettlement here in the near future."
Cuccinelli spoke to the group Center for Immigration Studies.
In addition to the new limit and new powers for state and local officials, the State Department is creating a new classification for refugees.
For the 2020 fiscal year, the total number would include up to 5,000 refugees persecuted because of their religious beliefs. The U.S. would accept 4,000 Iraqis who assisted the U.S. military during operations in Iraq. And it would accept up to 1,500 refugees from the countries of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras.
1.religious beliefs 宗教信仰
He refuses to compete on Sundays because of his religious beliefs.
2.fiscal year 财政年度
As to your wish to have an extra secretary, let's leave it open until the next fiscal year.
3.aid group 救援组织
An experienced aid group would monitor and help her.
4.the total number 总数
The total number of species on the planet appears to be growing by leaps and bounds.
5.I think you might see some other entities that get to play a role in making decisions about refugees and resettlement here in the near future.
play a role in 在...发挥作用
They also believe many of these genes also play a role in body weight regulation or fat metabolism.
However, it is important to note that they play a role in setting the iteration content moving forward.
6.I think you might see some other entities that get to play a role in making decisions about refugees and resettlement here in the near future.
in the near future 在不远的将来
The President will visit China in the near future.
The controversy regarding vitamin C is unlikely to be resolved in the near future.
最终决定将会在未来几周内做出 。这将是美国官员所说的“总统决定” 。一位政府高级官员表示，这一决定将在与国会商讨后做出 。
在总统的决定得到批准前，2020年财政年度将不会接收任何新难民 。财政年度与政府的支出有关 。它从当年10月1日一直持续到来年9月底 。
在奥巴马总统任期的最后一年，难民安置人数限制在11万 。特朗普总统在总统任期第一年就将这一数字削减了半数以上 。当时，特朗普提到了对国家安全的担忧 。
达里尔·格里斯加伯为援助组织“美国乐施会”处理人道主义问题 。在周四特朗普政府的该提议发布后不久，他就提出了批评 。
特朗普总统还批准了一项行政命令，要求各州和地方政府“同意”接受难民重新安置 。此举将使各州有权阻止在该州开展活动的非营利组织接收难民 。这是在田纳西州官员起诉联邦政府，要求其停止在该州安置难民失败后做出的 。
克里斯·奥玛拉·维格纳罗加是路德教会移民和难民服务处的负责人 。她不赞成特朗普的行政命令，并称移民是联邦问题 。
美国公民及移民服务局代理局长肯·库奇内利建议进行更多改革 。他说：“我认为，在不久的将来你可能会看到其它一些机构在难民和安置问题的决断上发挥作用 。”
在2020年财政年度，难民安置总人数将会包括多达5000名因宗教信仰受到迫害的难民 。美国将接收4000名在伊拉克作战期间协助美军的伊拉克人 。美国还将会接收来自萨尔瓦多、危地马拉和洪都拉斯的多达1500名难民 。