Report: Most Nations Use Latest Identification Technology to Track Citizens
Most nations are deploying the latest identification technology to track their citizens.
That is what a recent report from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace found. The center is based in Washington, D.C. The report, released Tuesday, said at least 75 countries are actively using facial recognition for surveillance.
Facial recognition technology uses artificial intelligence, or AI methods to identify and track individuals.
The report is called "The Global Expansion of AI Surveillance." It created an index of countries where some form of AI surveillance is used. Countries on the index included democracies, such as the United States and France, and countries like Russia and Saudi Arabia.
The researchers studied public records and media reports. They found that Chinese technology companies led by Huawei and Hikvision are supplying much of the AI surveillance technology to countries around the world. Other businesses such as Japan's NEC and American companies IBM, Palantir and Cisco are also major international providers of AI surveillance tools.
The index did not separate legitimate public safety tools from unlawful or harmful uses -- such as spying on political opponents.
Steven Feldstein is with the Carnegie Endowment as well as a professor at Boise State University in Idaho. He wrote the report.
He said, "I hope citizens will ask tougher questions about how this type of technology is used and what type of impacts it will have."
Many of the surveillance projects included in the report are "smart city" systems. These are systems in which a local government uses sensors, cameras and other internet-connected devices to gather information very quickly.
Huawei is a leading provider of such systems. The systems can be used to supervise traffic or to save energy. But Feldstein said the systems are increasingly used for public surveillance.
Feldstein said he was surprised by how many democratic governments in Europe and elsewhere are racing ahead to install AI surveillance. Among the systems used are facial recognition, automated border controls and computer tools to predict when crimes might take place.
The index shows that a little over half of the world's developed democracies use AI surveillance systems either at the national or local level.
I'm Mario Ritter, Jr.
1.save energy 节约能源
We will provide incentives to businesses and consumers to save energy and make buildings more efficient.
2.take place 发生
Peace talks failed to take place because of a dispute over the venue.
3.facial recognition 面部识别
Facial recognition programs are used in police and security operations.
4.public safety 公共安全
They are charged breaking regulations and endangering the public safety.
5.Steven Feldstein is with the Carnegie Endowment as well as a professor at Boise State University in Idaho.
as well as 和...一样；也
Moral as well as financial support was what the West should provide.
She can play tennis as well as basketball.
6.The index did not separate legitimate public safety tools from unlawful or harmful uses -- such as spying on political opponents.
separate from 把...区别开来
Business bank accounts were kept separate from personal ones.
When the boosters have helped to lift a space station into orbit, they separate from it and return to the earth.
这是卡内基国际和平基金会最近的一份报告发现的。该机构总部设在华盛顿特区 。周二发布的报告称，至少有75个国家正在积极利用面部识别技术进行监控 。
这份报告被称为“人工智能监视的全球性扩张”。它创建了一个使用某种形式的人工智能监控的国家的索引 。其中包括美国和法国、俄罗斯和沙特等国 。
研究人员研究了公共记录和媒体报道。他们发现，以华为(Huawei)和海康威视(Hikvision)为首的中国科技公司正在向世界各国提供大部分人工智能监控技术 。日本电气公司(NEC)和美国IBM、Palantir和思科(Cisco)等其它企业也是人工智能监控工具的主要国际供应商 。
史蒂文·费尔德斯坦(Steven Feldstein)就职于卡内基国际和平基金会，同时也是爱达荷州博伊西州立大学(Boise State University)教授。他撰写了这份报告 。
华为是此类系统中的佼佼者。该系统可用于监控交通或节约能源 。但是费尔德斯坦指出，这些系统越来越多地用于公共监控 。