VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):多国利用最新识别技术进行追踪
日期:2019-09-20 15:50

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Report: Most Nations Use Latest Identification Technology to Track Citizens

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Most nations are deploying the latest identification technology to track their citizens.

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That is what a recent report from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace found. The center is based in Washington, D.C. The report, released Tuesday, said at least 75 countries are actively using facial recognition for surveillance.

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Facial recognition technology uses artificial intelligence, or AI methods to identify and track individuals.

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The report is called "The Global Expansion of AI Surveillance." It created an index of countries where some form of AI surveillance is used. Countries on the index included democracies, such as the United States and France, and countries like Russia and Saudi Arabia.

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The researchers studied public records and media reports. They found that Chinese technology companies led by Huawei and Hikvision are supplying much of the AI surveillance technology to countries around the world. Other businesses such as Japan's NEC and American companies IBM, Palantir and Cisco are also major international providers of AI surveillance tools.

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The index did not separate legitimate public safety tools from unlawful or harmful uses -- such as spying on political opponents.

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Steven Feldstein is with the Carnegie Endowment as well as a professor at Boise State University in Idaho. He wrote the report.

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He said, "I hope citizens will ask tougher questions about how this type of technology is used and what type of impacts it will have."

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Many of the surveillance projects included in the report are "smart city" systems. These are systems in which a local government uses sensors, cameras and other internet-connected devices to gather information very quickly.

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Huawei is a leading provider of such systems. The systems can be used to supervise traffic or to save energy. But Feldstein said the systems are increasingly used for public surveillance.

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Feldstein said he was surprised by how many democratic governments in Europe and elsewhere are racing ahead to install AI surveillance. Among the systems used are facial recognition, automated border controls and computer tools to predict when crimes might take place.

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The index shows that a little over half of the world's developed democracies use AI surveillance systems either at the national or local level.

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I'm Mario Ritter, Jr.

重点解析

1.save energy 节约能源

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We will provide incentives to businesses and consumers to save energy and make buildings more efficient.

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我们将鼓励企业和消费者节约能源和建设节能建筑rP[ylX_G3V

2.take place 发生

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Peace talks failed to take place because of a dispute over the venue.

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由于在谈判地点上存在分歧,和平谈判未能举行_Z779Iw[3[Sm4|7|~l%

3.facial recognition 面部识别

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Facial recognition programs are used in police and security operations.

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面部识别计划将用于警方和安全任务之中@tp33pOYuQk|Abk&AJWl

4.public safety 公共安全

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They are charged breaking regulations and endangering the public safety.

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他们被控告违章驾驶危及公众安全KZr)!#jYuF+,ec5

5.Steven Feldstein is with the Carnegie Endowment as well as a professor at Boise State University in Idaho.

as well as 和...一样;也

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Moral as well as financial support was what the West should provide.

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西方国家应该提供道义支持和经济援助KxGFd|3%ZCb2ev6o#l*5

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She can play tennis as well as basketball.

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她也会打篮球,也会打网球&8vx*^|5P!2;w

6.The index did not separate legitimate public safety tools from unlawful or harmful uses -- such as spying on political opponents.

separate from 把...区别开来

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Business bank accounts were kept separate from personal ones.

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银行的商业账户和个人账户是分开管理的c9Ej%DvohAL3wLCn

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When the boosters have helped to lift a space station into orbit, they separate from it and return to the earth.

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助推火箭把太空站推入轨道后,就自行脱落返回地球t86nY+Kg!O#IK#

参考译文

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多国利用最新识别技术进行追踪

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大多数国家正在部署最新身份识别技术来跟踪本国公民WG.F]hK(N[[SK-H

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这是卡内基国际和平基金会最近的一份报告发现的1i]DZ@~rtRxIRv。该机构总部设在华盛顿特区mZ,|Id(DS_Omjh+Hl)。周二发布的报告称,至少有75个国家正在积极利用面部识别技术进行监控=AV,nQiKUc4Fi,;No*

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面部识别技术使用人工智能(AI)方法来识别和跟踪个体xF*1jc&wPzbspt

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这份报告被称为“人工智能监视的全球性扩张”Y#qj~)JO03gaj2tU,^+。它创建了一个使用某种形式的人工智能监控的国家的索引=]qn%f0S(^Sr9~Nd6F。其中包括美国和法国、俄罗斯和沙特等国R_8EAMx*a2b+h[n

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研究人员研究了公共记录和媒体报道h^ZwW3W%vVv!Zz]D!8)*。他们发现,以华为(Huawei)和海康威视(Hikvision)为首的中国科技公司正在向世界各国提供大部分人工智能监控技术gD+2kwL6fO!5CE-AN;ag。日本电气公司(NEC)和美国IBM、Palantir和思科(Cisco)等其它企业也是人工智能监控工具的主要国际供应商juOk3~o4L+

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多国利用最新识别技术进行追踪.jpg

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该索引并没有将合法的公共安全工具与非法或有害的用途——如监视政治对手等区分开来xD9|4V+MtPT;xQtpG6t%

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史蒂文·费尔德斯坦(Steven Feldstein)就职于卡内基国际和平基金会,同时也是爱达荷州博伊西州立大学(Boise State University)教授-(Pay8oZyk5Wbtu。他撰写了这份报告b&r6Mb=,zd3^6R

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他说:“我希望公民们能就这种技术的使用方式以及将产生何种影响提出更尖锐的问题!9M,@9MQ[Sq8~#3yf)b9。”

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报告中包括的许多监测项目都是“智慧城市”系统p.Yfc~OZGMs。在这些系统中,地方政府使用传感器、摄像头和其他联网设备快速收集信息v&a0Q#|ZPDjuk]7

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华为是此类系统中的佼佼者6J.zbD[S0EtVF0g!。该系统可用于监控交通或节约能源!@fcRTsN1]D)09T。但是费尔德斯坦指出,这些系统越来越多地用于公共监控Vth-iUWRJ^gTNUFbB,fl

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费尔德斯坦还表示,他惊讶的发现,欧洲和其他地方有这么多民主政府竞相安装人工智能监控系统2n,8#iKl.aZa[W8。使用的这些系统包括面部识别、自动边境控制和预测何时可能发生犯罪的计算机工具kpb9(|e&Zf8_.

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该索引显示,全球略多于一半的发达民主国家在国家或地方层面使用人工智能监控系统b9;)0#-]Yp7mYkD

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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