VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):中国喜迎70周年华诞
日期:2019-09-20 11:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Beijing Hopes for Clear Skies, Clean Air on National Day

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When the sun comes up in Beijing on October 1, the Chinese government will aim to celebrate its 70th birthday under a bright blue sky.

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The Chinese capital will close building sites, reduce the use of fireworks and restrict fuel sales ahead of this year's National Day. The holiday marks the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.

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Ahead of major events in the past, officials have taken more extreme measures to improve air quality, such as seeding clouds to make rain and closing factories for days.

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There is still time for the government to announce similar restrictions this year. But business leaders believe widespread closures are not part of the plan -- as long as usual smog controls continue to do the job.

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An independent study last week showed Beijing is set to drop from the list of the world's top 200 most-polluted cities this year.

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China's biggest cement producer, China National Building Materials, has not received any official closure notice yet. It does not expect any special measures.

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"I think that if there are measures they won't necessarily be connected with National Day," Cui Xingtai, vice-president of the state-run company, told Reuters reporters. "In certain seasons, some places can introduce policies to alleviate the extent of air pollution," Cui added.

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Officials with three small independent refineries in nearby Shandong province also told Reuters they were not expecting to have to cut production before October 1.

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Area officials do have the anniversary in mind. Hebei, which surrounds Beijing, has launched an inspection of coal mines. It says the inspections are designed to prevent any accidents ahead of the National Day celebrations.

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As October 1 nears, observers say production cuts could come, especially in cities close to Beijing. But widespread, total shutdowns are unlikely.

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The environment ministry said earlier this week that mostly good weather will keep pollution levels in control. But, high amounts of small floating particles known as PM2.5 were expected to rise in Beijing in the last 10 days of the month.

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"There has been no official notice, though there's still time," said an industry expert with ties to the Tangshan Iron and Steel Association. The expert asked not to be identified.

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Liu Qingxi supervises a cement plant in Tongling city, about 1,200 kilometers south of Beijing. Liu told Reuters the company only expected to take action if air quality worsened greatly.

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"We've not been told anything yet but if there are bad weather conditions they might ask us to stop production," Liu said.

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I'm Ashley Thompson.

重点解析

1.cut production 减产

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In the past, Opec has cut production when prices fall, such as during the 2008 financial crisis.

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以往遇到油价下跌时,欧佩克会采取减产,比如2008年金融危机期间7D8OmBwKbTkN

2.cement plant 水泥厂

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He will also visit an energy-efficient cement plant.

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他还将参观一座有效利用能源的水泥厂tR6a5DOGVH7ePNI4b;,D

3.weather conditions 天气状况

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The bad weather conditions prevented the plane from landing

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糟糕的天气使飞机无法降落pyvx#9F[0rli8Z(e2K,

4.stop production 停产

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Personnel responsible for product quality shall have the authority to stop production to correct quality problems.

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负责质量的人员应有权停止生产以纠正质量问题3A@-Y&RyIbg(Q

5.Ahead of major events in the past, officials have taken more extreme measures to improve air quality, such as seeding clouds to make rain and closing factories for days.

take measures to 采取措施

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Our government is trying to take measures to prevent and control pollution.

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我们的国家正试图采取措施,防止和控制污染a)AUB1d%JUozVX1.E

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We should take measures to guard against accidents.

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我们应该采取措施防止事故^#^Z(JZ%;c4u

6.The environment ministry said earlier this week that mostly good weather will keep pollution levels in control.

keep in control 使...得到控制

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To keep them in control was not difficult.

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控制他们,简直易如反掌oWENVd%oIE;(MyT!fD

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First, you must keep calm and in control, plus you must contact your doctor or mental.

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首先,你必须保持冷静和自制,再马上联系您的医生或精神31_F|.WydHXFX+YW

参考译文

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中国紧锣密鼓筹办70周年华诞

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当10月1日的朝阳在北京上空升起时,政府将在澄澈的蓝天下庆祝70岁华诞IUvLMb72!Sn@

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今年国庆节前,北京在将关闭建筑工地,减少烟花爆竹燃放以及限制燃油销售Ybz1J]e,tcV&)RAMhX;O。这一节日旨在庆祝1949年中华人民共和国成立4jI.@TH37V

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过去举办重大活动前,官员们会采取更为严厉的措施来改善空气质量,比如人工降雨和关闭工厂数日DIDWf_%)*T#O.Ef-

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今年,政府仍有时间宣布类似的限制措施I3w;xRG|SvA|]o8r。但企业领导认为,只要常规的雾霾控制措施继续实施,就不必大面积关闭工厂了j0a%qI@AsFH

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中国紧锣密鼓筹办70周年国庆.jpg

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上周的一项独立研究显示,北京今年将从全球200个污染最严重城市的名单上消失p6O=uuvyreq6rc(%G~qe

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中国最大的水泥生产商中国建材集团有限公司(CNBM)尚未收到任何正式的关闭通知iOcpxfV)b%usULD。预计不会公布任何特别措施5+i1T#ayo2jDL)FN

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这家国有企业的副总裁崔星太对路透社记者表示:“我认为,即便是采取措施,这些措施不一定与国庆节有关@ZJyABKd7e。”崔补充说:“在某些季节,一些地方可以出台政策来减轻空气污染的程度.0E%1eqEZEXbLP%z.&_R。”

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邻近的山东省三家小型独立炼油厂的官员也对路透社表示,他们预计10月1日前不会减产VW;5wGopEg4Wl83#S

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地方官员确实考虑到70周年国庆活动#Q-MUU@E@2B[uk。环绕北京城的河北省已经启动了对煤矿的安全检查工作zQqkCJm8IH0Bg。该省表示,检查是为了防止国庆前发生任何事故5!P894d[xFFafvX9^z

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观察人士表示,随着10月1日的活动临近,各省市可能会实施减产,尤其是北京周边的城市%~QTF(*IM1KDgz&e。但是整体性地完全关闭是不太可能的CcWiDVteKUF_N]a(z

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环保部本周早些时候表示,大多数良好的天气将使污染水平得到控制l;^O)HW(xiL4U2J1。但是,预计在本月的最后10天,北京会出现大量被称为PM2.5的微小悬浮颗粒)Yf&^Z%7AZrm

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一位与唐山钢铁工业协会有联系的匿名行业专家表示:“目前还没有下发正式通知,不过还有时间|Key1fA^8,iqi。”

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刘清喜(音译)在北京以南1200公里的铜陵管理一家水泥厂5~YZQN1V19(Q77Gs。刘告诉路透社,当空气质量严重恶化时,公司才会采取一些行动,Cw9.mjD8H3|S0uw

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刘说,“我们还没有收到任何通知,但如果天气状况糟糕,可能会要求工厂停产”_+z[e(iiIB-#bw!OO

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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