Gates Foundation: Sex, Environment Determine Child’s Future
While living conditions in many areas have improved in recent years, a child's place of birth is still the biggest predictor of its future.
Oh, yes – and no matter where you are born, life is more difficult if you are a girl.
These claims come from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, a leading philanthropic organization for health and development.
The group reports that some 500 million people worldwide lack basic health care or education. It also found that girls everywhere suffer from discrimination.
The new report is the foundation's third on United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The report looks at efforts to reduce inequality and poverty and improve health around the world. It follows progress on 17 measures that most UN member countries have said they will try to reach by the year 2030.
Those efforts are falling short, says Bill Gates, the 63-year-old co-founder of Microsoft Corporation. He sat down with VOA at the foundation's offices in Seattle, Washington, before the report's release.
"As much progress as we're making, a child in many countries still over 10% are dying before the age of five. And in richer countries, it is less than 1%," said Gates. "So the idea that any place in the world is still 10%, some almost 15%...should galvanize us to do a better job."
The results "prove that the world's investments in development aren't reaching everyone," the report said. It noticed progress in the education of girls. But it also found that women's opportunities are limited by social customs, discriminatory laws, and violence.
"If you reduce the child death rate, families...choose to have less children. As you educate women, more families...choose to have less children," Gates said.
Smaller families can reduce poverty.
Gates Foundation chief executive Sue Desmond-Hellmann says the clearest warnings from the report were of the dangers of "gender and geography."
She said the report showed that more children die in Chad every day than in Finland every year. Also, Finland's average education is up to college level, while in Chad the average child does not finish primary school.
"It's just not okay that a child in Chad is 55 times more likely to die than a child in Finland," Desmond-Hellmann said. She added that a girl born in Africa has her gender and her geographic location affecting her future.
Generally, the report noted "unabated" development progress, with life, health and economic success improving on average across the world. But it also pointed out the large number of people who are being left behind.
I'm Susan Shand.
1.death rate 死亡率
Can we eliminate cancer so as to reduce death rate?
2.across the world 全世界
Globalisation has opened up markets across the world.
3.left behind 遗留；留下
Once the eggs have hatched the shells are left behind.
4.health care 医疗保健
The insurance industry has produced its own proposals for universal health care
5.But it also pointed out the large number of people who are being left behind.
pointed out 指出
A report has pointed out the defects of the present system.
Coincident interests with the corporate rich and political directorate are pointed out.
6.But it also pointed out the large number of people who are being left behind.
a large number of 大量的
There are a large number of centres where you can take full-time courses
The committee is concerned about the large number of prisoners sharing cells.
这份新报告是该基金会就联合国可持续发展目标发表的第三份报告。报告着眼于全球减少不平等和贫困以及改善健康的努力 。此前，大多数联合国成员国声称努力在2030年实现的17项指标，该报告跟踪调查了这一进展 。
盖茨说：“尽管我们取得了很大进步，但是许多国家仍有超过10%的儿童在5岁前死亡。而在发达国家，这一比例不足1% 。因此，一想到这世界上还有些地方的儿童死亡率达10%，甚至接近15%，这都激励我们要做得更好 。”
该报告称，结果“证明全球对发展的投资并未惠及所有人。”报告指出对女孩的教育取得了进展 。但是报告也发现，妇女的机会受到社会习俗、歧视性法律和暴力的限制 。