VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):盖茨基金会关注地域及不平等问题
日期:2019-09-18 17:10

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Gates Foundation: Sex, Environment Determine Child’s Future

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While living conditions in many areas have improved in recent years, a child's place of birth is still the biggest predictor of its future.

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Oh, yes – and no matter where you are born, life is more difficult if you are a girl.

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These claims come from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, a leading philanthropic organization for health and development.

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The group reports that some 500 million people worldwide lack basic health care or education. It also found that girls everywhere suffer from discrimination.

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The new report is the foundation's third on United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The report looks at efforts to reduce inequality and poverty and improve health around the world. It follows progress on 17 measures that most UN member countries have said they will try to reach by the year 2030.

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Those efforts are falling short, says Bill Gates, the 63-year-old co-founder of Microsoft Corporation. He sat down with VOA at the foundation's offices in Seattle, Washington, before the report's release.

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"As much progress as we're making, a child in many countries still over 10% are dying before the age of five. And in richer countries, it is less than 1%," said Gates. "So the idea that any place in the world is still 10%, some almost 15%...should galvanize us to do a better job."

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The results "prove that the world's investments in development aren't reaching everyone," the report said. It noticed progress in the education of girls. But it also found that women's opportunities are limited by social customs, discriminatory laws, and violence.

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"If you reduce the child death rate, families...choose to have less children. As you educate women, more families...choose to have less children," Gates said.

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Smaller families can reduce poverty.

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Gates Foundation chief executive Sue Desmond-Hellmann says the clearest warnings from the report were of the dangers of "gender and geography."

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She said the report showed that more children die in Chad every day than in Finland every year. Also, Finland's average education is up to college level, while in Chad the average child does not finish primary school.

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"It's just not okay that a child in Chad is 55 times more likely to die than a child in Finland," Desmond-Hellmann said. She added that a girl born in Africa has her gender and her geographic location affecting her future.

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Generally, the report noted "unabated" development progress, with life, health and economic success improving on average across the world. But it also pointed out the large number of people who are being left behind.

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I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.death rate 死亡率

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Can we eliminate cancer so as to reduce death rate?

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我们能消灭癌症以减少死亡率吗?

2.across the world 全世界

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Globalisation has opened up markets across the world.

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全球化打开了世界各地的市场W|H=BU7,U=N

3.left behind 遗留;留下

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Once the eggs have hatched the shells are left behind.

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一旦鸡蛋孵化后,蛋壳就没用了rM+yLdTzEa8q

4.health care 医疗保健

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The insurance industry has produced its own proposals for universal health care

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保险业提出了自己的全民医疗保健方案W59Z@fQ8MqDkX,

5.But it also pointed out the large number of people who are being left behind.

pointed out 指出

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A report has pointed out the defects of the present system.

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一份报告指出了当前体制存在的毛病hCk2JJ|hvK9glk

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Coincident interests with the corporate rich and political directorate are pointed out.

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有人指出这合乎的是公司富豪和政治官员的利益9jNYxwjrx9+j|qJQe

6.But it also pointed out the large number of people who are being left behind.

a large number of 大量的

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There are a large number of centres where you can take full-time courses

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有很多中心提供全日制课程ZgkncL+JJR.R

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The committee is concerned about the large number of prisoners sharing cells.

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这个委员会对牢房拥挤问题表示担忧ltEEMUUamH@8a

参考译文

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盖茨基金会呼吁关注地域及不平等问题

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虽然近年来许多地区的生活条件都有所改善,但是孩子的出生地仍然是其未来最大的预测因素1xRVt+nRSi

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没错,无论你出生在哪里,如果你是女孩,生活会更加困难YXFw)^=;n|ndI5

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这是来自比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的结论,一家重要的健康和发展慈善组织RsqZn9pHE%IQ!

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该组织报告称,全球大约有5亿人缺乏基本的医疗保健或教育ESccSt^PN2XnKyxsPT。它还发现,世界各地的女孩都遭到歧视F88wu[gJL@

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这份新报告是该基金会就联合国可持续发展目标发表的第三份报告pZfxg|pJ^(D。报告着眼于全球减少不平等和贫困以及改善健康的努力t8y*Vmdg@_L&H。此前,大多数联合国成员国声称努力在2030年实现的17项指标,该报告跟踪调查了这一进展4Zauk5;Z)v,g~8S+MRO

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盖茨基金会呼吁关注地域及不平等问题.jpg

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63岁的微软公司联合创始人比尔·盖茨指出,这些工作指标都未能实现!5@k0^rZCigiYGz%m。在报告公布前,他在位于华盛顿州西雅图市的基金会办公室与美国之音进行了座谈iLnL#hjC7;Y]dx28).

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盖茨说:“尽管我们取得了很大进步,但是许多国家仍有超过10%的儿童在5岁前死亡H_GL5p0O]J*r-|^。而在发达国家,这一比例不足1%1)Nc~b|s=KZZDF3gvU|。因此,一想到这世界上还有些地方的儿童死亡率达10%,甚至接近15%,这都激励我们要做得更好Pd#=oHR8,A]QXom6GwK。”

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该报告称,结果“证明全球对发展的投资并未惠及所有人XnMRrWPDyX9G@CxR。”报告指出对女孩的教育取得了进展mXqXv;t@ayT。但是报告也发现,妇女的机会受到社会习俗、歧视性法律和暴力的限制Yq0gV3Ql(*zY1n!+t%s

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盖茨说:“如果儿童死亡率降低,家庭会选择少生育O&.J[.xqmD[AEDzt8FWx。如果妇女受到教育,更多家庭会选择少生孩子J!Ax99-tUlcn2hvyW^。”

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家庭成员减少可以减少贫困LhTzx0OhQT7COt

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盖茨基金会首席执行官苏·德斯蒙德-赫尔曼表示,报告中最明显的警示是“性别和所在地”的威胁XYz9kwCps-OkS-Rns!P

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她说,报告显示,乍得每天的儿童死亡人数比芬兰每年的儿童死亡人数还多HN5u^BG8Q4TX。此外,芬兰的平均教育水平达到了大学水平,而在乍得,普通儿童连小学教育都无法保证SAI(^x579hHtX8chH3

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德斯蒙德-赫尔曼表示:“乍得儿童死亡的可能性比芬兰高55倍,这是不应该的;P+8mHnjT5W4V%LrluEW。”她还说,非洲出生的女孩,其性别和所在地会影响她们的未来jXQ.Gazmv1oGz0&S~Ge*

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总的来说,该报告指出世界各地的发展进程“不会减退”,世界各地的生活、健康和经济成果平均来看也有所改善xb)TKIChHcM。但是报告也指出,有很多人都远远落后ppMAP@%#z[Cu^nd;1

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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