VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):全球军费开支呈上涨趋势
日期:2019-09-13 07:07

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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World Military Spending Is on the Rise
The world's military spending is at an all-time high.
The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute reports that total spending was $1.8 trillion in 2018. SIPRI Senior Researcher Pieter Wezeman calls it a "worrying trend."
Total spending last year was 76 percent higher than it was in 1998, the lowest year since the end of the Cold War. Military spending began rising after the September 11, 2001, terror attacks, which killed almost 3,000 people in the United States.
The U.S. accounts for more than a third of world military spending. Experts say the American military remains the world's strongest. It has 11 aircraft carriers, a powerful nuclear weapons supply, new fighter airplanes and about 2.1 million troops.
China is now the world's second-largest military spender. It went from just 2 percent of the world's military budget in 1990 to 14 percent in 2018.
China built two aircraft carriers in the past 10 years, and a third one is in production. It has developed its own modern fighter planes. And, its troop numbers have grown to more than 2.5 million. China is also investing in new technologies, including weapons that would fly at five times the speed of sound.
Wezeman says the speedy progress China has made has been seen "as a threat by its neighbors."
Other top spenders
In reaction, India has increased its military spending by more than $11 billion in just three years. It now comes in fourth in military budgets, behind Saudi Arabia.
Last year, Russia dropped out of the top five spending countries. But it still has NATO's attention after invading Georgia in 2008 and annexing part of Ukraine in 2014.
The 29 NATO countries spent $963 billion -- 53 percent of world military spending -- in 2018.
That number is likely to increase as the United States continues to pressure NATO allies to spend 2 percent of their gross domestic product on defense.
"We can't let countries off the hook," said U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper Saturday at the Royal United Services Institute in London. "You can't simply substitute and say, 'Well, my 2 percent is going to go to technology, or I'm going to build infrastructure.' We need real capability."
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.fighter planes 战斗机

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Maneuverability is one of the most important tactical and technical performances for fighter planes.
飞机的机动性是战斗机重要的战术、技术指标之一H5=E6B4f0HeT,

2.off the hook 脱身;摆脱困境

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I cannot perjure myself to get him off the hook.
我不能为了帮助他脱身而发假誓)38)sPxEUacyatBC&pDW

3.total spending 总支出

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Total spending for the eight years comes to $3.407 trillion.
布什执政的八年里总的国防支出达到3.407亿万美元cEcvVDhws@#NKk,r

4.terror attacks 恐怖袭击

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All of Europe fretted after the terror attacks in London.
这次在伦敦发生的恐怖袭击震动了整个欧洲S,_qJP@FA2EQI

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5.Last year, Russia dropped out of the top five spending countries.

dropped out of 从...退出

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He'd dropped out of high school at the age of 16.
他16岁的时候就从中学退学了II(QOU;+BRaOB
The skate-board caught on for a few months, but then dropped out of fashion.
滑冰板风行了几个月,但又不流行了elL,~NMuKG3g&bf

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6.The U.S. accounts for more than a third of world military spending.

accounts for 占...比例

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North Sea oil accounts for a high proportion of our export earnings.
北海石油占我国出口收入的很大一部分&!uc;VVHRPZV|[nwd
Asia accounts for about 40% of New Zealand's total exports.
在新西兰的出口总额中,亚洲区占了约40%FN1@@z.]KLEztB]WsDKt

参考译文

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全球军费开支呈上涨趋势
全球军费开支正处于历史最高水平d44pQ9saE|fehJgTf3
斯德哥尔摩国际和平研究所报告称,2018年全球军费总开支为1.8万亿美元~@j~NoRMs6n|12。该研究所高级研究员彼得·魏泽曼(Pieter Wezeman)称,这是一个“令人担忧的趋势”W^Po3dEVYs
去年的军费总支出比1998年高出76%,那年是自冷战结束以来军费开支最低的一年H^N&nEP3YpUgAR=CU9+。2001年9月11日的恐怖袭击造成美国近3000人死亡,此后军费开支开始上涨1+R(giXO-k
美国占全球军费开支的三分之一以上N_]70#o(FOFIS3。专家表示,美国军队仍然是世界上最强大的uohU5*PZ#KtIpPM0rNO。美国拥有11艘航空母舰、庞大的核武器库、新型战斗机和大约210万的兵力~q,%!Bt7hYIaDej)du26

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全球军费开支呈上涨趋势.jpeg
中国现在是世界第二大军费开支国3j^K&4H+;B^BkT@ufx5|。该国从1990年仅占全球军事预算的2%上升到2018年的14%K_%!20aiZGsHhjp55BC]
中国在过去10年里建造了两艘航空母舰,第三艘正在生产中Kbj9Zo,5UaB。中国已研制出自己的现代化战斗机NI~Wc1FYG4。而且,其兵力已经增长到250多万IfFR!P3LpL-c-3。中国还投资了新的科学技术,包括速度可达音速5倍的武器fILn&sqG]y.,*snQ,xx
魏泽曼表示,中国的迅速进展被邻国视为“一种威胁”H#LklEGbwfW1
其他军费开支国
作为回应,印度在短短三年内增加了超过110亿美元的军费开支1Jbkl2j]0-Ax。现在,该国在全球军事预算中排名第四,仅次于沙特#zS_)&88PBi0o
去年,俄罗斯跌出军费开支榜前五名]sUtuD!Gw,u。但在2008年入侵格鲁吉亚、2014年接管乌克兰部分地区后,俄罗斯仍然受到北约的关注LUJ]]^&t]3)Vp5*P!Hd
2018年,北约29个成员国军费支出总额为9630亿美元,占全球军费开支的53%0mOfe_PAE7(gZ=X2I
随着美国继续向北约盟国施压,要求对方拿出国内生产总值的2%用于国防,这一数字可能还会增加=28S=ySD9yh.Np
周六,美国国防部长埃斯珀(Mark Esper)在伦敦皇家联合军种国防研究所表示:“我们不能让一些国家逃脱责任i+z7b%7oJZ。”“你不能简单地说,“嗯,我的2%(GDP)将用于技术,或者我将建造基础设施kLKP87ASZP-ZeJ6a-。我们需要真正的能力w6j[&RK=pZ7%7G,hF。”
卡蒂·韦佛为您播报*fBhvO=Kv[dTqJN,Vq

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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