It has not been a good day for Boris Johnson. The U.K. Parliament has dealt two more big blows to the prime minister's Brexit plans. After the House of Commons seized control of the legislative agenda, MPs voted to block Johnson from crashing the United Kingdom out of the European Union without a withdrawal agreement.
Johnson then called for a general election next month, ostensibly to break the Brexit deadlock, and lawmakers defeated him again. To make sense of another momentous day in British politics, we turn once more to NPR's Frank Langfitt in London. And, Frank, first things first, do today's votes mean that the prime minister is now forbidden from taking the country out of the EU at the end of October with no deal?
FRANK LANGFITT, BYLINE: Not quite, Ari.
SHAPIRO: (Laughter) OK.
LANGFITT: And that's what explains — well, that's what explains what — why this seems like, on the surface, such a crazy night. But stick with me here. There's an internal logic.
LANGFITT: So basically, what happens is the bill now moves to the house — it goes now to the House of Lords. It's the upper chamber. It's just like a bill going to the Senate in the United States. But there, it faces scores of amendments, and there will be filibustering. And basically, the people, the rebels who have been competing against Johnson trying to stop him from going out with a no-deal Brexit, think that this is a trick, that the prime minister is going to try to — was going to try to get them to vote for an election tonight, and then he would suspend Parliament before they could get this bill blocking no-deal through.
So here's how Jeremy Corbyn, the opposition Labour leader, put it tonight.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
JEREMY CORBYN: They offer of the election today is a bit like the offer of an apple to Snow White from the wicked queen because what he's offering is not an apple or even an election, but the poison of a no-deal.
LANGFITT: And, Ari, what this speaks to right now is the complete lack of trust — certainly among the opposition, but also many citizens in the United Kingdom — regarding Boris Johnson. Johnson, as I mentioned — you know, we've been covering this — he plans to suspend Parliament. That's hugely controversial. People have been in the streets chanting stop the coup. And yesterday, Johnson, after he lost a big vote yesterday, he actually kicked 21 lawmakers out of his own party for voting against him.
So people are — as they watch Johnson's maneuvers, they are very, very cautious.
SHAPIRO: It's just incredible. So he failed to get support for an election. Does that mean that there will not be one?
LANGFITT: No, not quite.
SHAPIRO: (Laughter) OK.
LANGFITT: It's just there's no — but there's just no agreement yet because they're very — they think he's very crafty. So the fact of the matter is I think there needs to be an election in this country. Johnson has lost his majority. He had the — of course, there was a defection yesterday, plus he kicked these members out of the — out of his party. And what he wants is either in October — that's when he wants to do it — get a sizable majority so that he can then come back and get Brexit through in some fashion. He — maybe even have enough votes to get a no-deal Brexit through.
Tonight, he ridiculed Corbyn for refusing to take up his challenge. This is how he put it.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
PRIME MINISTER BORIS JOHNSON: Forty-eight hours ago, he was leading the chants of stop the coup; let the people vote. Now he's saying stop the election, and stop the people from voting.
JOHNSON: I think this — I think he has become the first, to my knowledge, the first leader of the opposition in the Democratic history of our country to refuse the invitation to an election.
SHAPIRO: Frank, these are such big questions. So much uncertainty, and the fate of Britain depends on it. How much time does Parliament have to get this all sorted out?
LANGFITT: Not much, and that's why you're seeing so much tension and so much anger in Parliament. Johnson could suspend Parliament as early as Monday, so there's not a lot of time. And people are really rushing. They want to rush it and get this bill through.
SHAPIRO: And if there is an election this fall, how might it play out? And would that resolve Brexit necessarily?
LANGFITT: No, and that's what sort of so remarkable, Ari. The electorate is very divided. Nobody has a strong majority. None of these parties do. We could end up with another hung Parliament, actually, at the end of an election if it comes in October.
SHAPIRO: That's NPR's Frank Langfitt in London.
LANGFITT: Happy to do it, Ari.
今天对鲍里斯·约翰逊来说可不是个好日子 。英国议会又对首相的英国脱欧计划进行了两次更严重的打击 。在英国下议院掌控立法议程后，英国议员投票通过了阻止约翰逊无协议脱欧的法案 。
随后，约翰逊要求在下个月举行大选，表面上看是要打破英国脱欧的僵局，但议员再次否决了他的计划 。为了了解英国政坛又一个具重要意义的日子，我们要再次连线NPR新闻驻伦敦记者弗兰克·朗菲特 。弗兰克，首先，今天的投票结果是否意味着英国首相不能在10月底实现无协议脱欧？
朗菲特：这也解释了为什么从表面上看这个晚上如此疯狂的原因 。且听我慢慢解释 。这存在内部逻辑 。
朗菲特：基本上来说，这项法案现在将交由英国上议院进行表决 。这相当于将法案交由美国参议院表决 。但上议院可能提出大量修改议案，或进行冗长演说 。与约翰逊竞争的反对党试图阻止他进行无协议脱欧，他们认为这是圈套，首相试图让他们在今晚就是否举行大选进行投票，随后他会在这份阻止无协议脱欧的法案通过前关停议会 。
朗菲特：阿里，这表明现在大家对鲍里斯·约翰逊完全缺乏信任，不仅反对党缺乏信任，许多英国公民同样缺乏信任 。我之前提到过，约翰逊计划关停议会 。这一决定引发了巨大的争议 。人们一直在街头抗议，要求停止这场“政变” 。昨天，约翰逊在一场重要投票中失利，之后他将投票反对他的21名保守党议员开除了党籍 。
夏皮罗：这真不是不可思议 。他要求举行大选，但未能获得支持 。这是否意味着不会举行选举？
朗菲特：目前还没有达成协议，他们认为他过于狡猾 。我认为事实上英国需要举行选举 。约翰逊失去了多数席位 。当然，这是因为昨天有多位议员倒戈，而且他将这些议员开除出了保守党 。他希望在10月获得可观的多数席位，这样他就能以某种方式推进英国脱欧 。也许他甚至能获得足够的票数通过无协议脱欧计划 。
今晚，他嘲笑了科尔宾拒绝他挑战的行为 。下面是他所说 。
英国首相鲍里斯·约翰逊：48个小时之前，他带领人们高喊“停止这场政变”；让人们投票 。现在，他说要阻止选举，阻止人们投票 。
夏皮罗：弗兰克，这些都是重要问题 。现在有如此多的不确定性，而且这些问题还决定着英国的命运 。英国议会还有多少时间能解决所有问题？
朗菲特：现在时间不太多了，这就是议会出现如此多的紧张氛围和愤怒情绪的原因 。约翰逊可能最早会在下周一关停议会，所剩时间已经不多 。议员正在抓紧时间 。他们希望能尽快让阻止无协议脱欧的法案获得通过 。
朗菲特：不能，阿里，这一点非常值得注意 。现在选民存在明显的分歧 。没有政党占据绝大多数 。没有政党占据优势 。实际上，如果真要在10月举行选举，那英国最终很可能再次出现悬浮议会的局面 。
1. kick out of 使某人离开；开除；逐出；
The country's leaders kicked five foreign journalists out of the country.
2. to one's knowlege 据…所知；
Alec never carried a gun to my knowledge.
3. take up 接受，答应(提议或挑战)；
Increasingly, more wine-makers are taking up the challenge of growing Pinot Noir.
4. sort out 解决(问题)；理清(细节)；
He would sort out his own problems, in time.