VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):战火下的加沙文物
日期:2019-08-29 17:48

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Private Museums Store Gaza’s Artifacts
At Walid al-Aqqad's home in Gaza, hundreds of ancient pots and other objects hang on the walls. In his backyard, pieces of Corinthian columns are on show.
These works represent five thousand years of Gaza's history.
A small piece of land on the Mediterranean, Gaza was a major trade path between Egypt and the Levant.
But years of uprisings, war and political problems have hurt examples of its rich archaeological history.
Hamas took control of Gaza from the Palestinian Authority in 2007. In answer, Egypt and Israel ordered a blockade on Gaza.
The Palestinians say the closures have also restricted excavations, limiting new discoveries.
Hamas has done little to protect Gaza's ancient works and in some cases has destroyed them. In 2017, Hamas leaders destroyed large parts of Tel Es-Sakan, the remains of a 4,500-year-old Bronze Age city, to make way for building projects.
Ayman Hassouna is professor of history and archaeology at Gaza's Islamic University. Hassouna blamed Israel, the Palestinian Authority and Hamas equally for not protecting the territory's cultural history.
He says Israel has seized objects from archaeological digs and did little to prevent sales of important ancient pieces.
Palestinian leaders of Gaza since 1995 have "attacked many archaeological sites — either intentionally or not," he said.
He also blamed a lack of awareness among Gazans of the importance of keeping ancient objects and sites untouched.
"When they find something, they [people in Gaza] would hide it or build over it," he said.
Heyam al-Bitar is an archaeologist with Gaza's ministry of tourism and antiquities. She said trafficking of ancient goods is a problem. She added the ministry only learned earlier this year that many ancient Greek silver coins were stolen from Gaza in 2016.
"It's difficult to track down the trafficking because everything happens in the dark," she said.
Al-Aqqad is one of the few people trying to save such objects in Gaza. He began his collection in 1975, buying from collectors or searching the coast and new construction sites. Now his house in the southern city of Khan Younis is a museum, welcoming school children and other students of history.
"This museum was established by personal efforts and at the expense of my children's bread," al-Aqqad said.
His is one of five legally registered private collections in the Gaza Strip, according to the ministry of tourism.
The ministry keeps a record of all private collections to prevent objects from being sold or removed from Gaza, said al-Bitar.
Owners have received training from the ministry and the Islamic University on how to care for and repair ancient works, she added.
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.private collections 私人收藏

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His work is part of public and private collections all over the world.
他的诸多作品在世界范围内被公共机构和私人收藏.NQZU]yz-kgeCsWe5s|D

2.track down 追捕

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All of these things help us track down the issue sooner.
所有这些信息都能帮助我们更快地跟踪问题UxUGNl6dA;s+2(Z+b6

3.on show 展示;展览

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Most of the works on show are landscape and genre paintings in various styles.
展出的大部分作品是各种风格的风景画和风俗画8FVwu4hTA(pVE0+

4.at the expense of 以...为代价

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The government took this position at the expense of an increasing deficit and national debt.
政府采取这一立场的代价是不断增加的赤字和国家债务1V(9f0Pd.L*YmR83cjn

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5.He also blamed a lack of awareness among Gazans of the importance of keeping ancient objects and sites untouched.

a lack of 缺乏

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There is a lack of confidence in the government's ability to manage the economy.
人民对该政府管理经济的能力缺乏信心5NJoJ;Y8ADz*c7Z~]
A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.
不够谨慎可能会导致财政上出现问题RO)J7EX~TS

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6.The ministry keeps a record of all private collections to prevent objects from being sold or removed from Gaza, said al-Bitar.

keeps a record of 记录

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The doctor keeps a record of all the serious illnesses in the village.
这个医生保存了这个村庄所有严重疾病的记录XA&k23vNf=@CPK
The government keeps a record of all unofficial payments.
政府保留着所有非官方付款的记录t@9~uaqewWDJ)(|qxY6

参考译文

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私人博物馆收藏加沙的文物
在瓦利德(Walid al-Aqqad)位于加沙的家中,墙壁上挂满了数百个古老的陶罐和其他物品vo(J2K5X2C+whuD。他的后院正在展出科林斯式的圆柱uG@OGvtk2t+hYNx5
这些作品代表了加沙五千年的历史EdVqTKPf--xx+_O
加沙是地中海的一小部分地区,是埃及和黎凡特之间的主要贸易通道i0|vxyS8VG%he
但多年的暴乱、战争和政治问题将其极富价值的考古历史破坏殆尽TxT|1lQv,Y|.
哈马斯于2007年从巴勒斯坦权力机构手中接管了加沙地带&5Z#csnHoc@WTtJ[#&Er。作为回应,埃及和以色列下令封锁加沙|d+U7(60JvFH+&
巴勒斯坦人说,封锁也限制了发掘工作,也限制了新的发现V1f+UH,43^
哈马斯几乎没有采取任何措施来保护加沙的古代建筑,甚至在某些情形下摧毁了它们DMF^ZHCQhQfW=uXnUU。2017年,哈马斯领导人摧毁了Tel Es-Sakan的大部分地区,只是为了给建筑项目让路r|nsN3d,|95S。Tel Es-Sakan是一座有着4500年历史的青铜时代城市的遗迹-)P9AFu0)nS6AjI#EQ9
艾曼·纳(Ayman Hassouna)是加沙伊斯兰大学历史和考古学教授==Kj2ED3bqxj&5eQXU[。哈桑纳同样指责以色列、巴勒斯坦权力机构和哈马斯没有保护该地区的文化历史i;ZEga6+d[uG

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战火下的加沙文物.jpg
他说,以色列缴获了考古发掘出的文物,但没有采取措施阻止重要古代文物的贩卖q)TqMG|b3UD8
他说,自1995年以来,加沙地带的巴勒斯坦领导人“有意无意地攻击了许多考古遗址”TcS5jJ*ef_N5AKj9n
他还指责加沙人缺乏保护古代文物和遗址的意识Y@GASGa]+50_)Oc~b
他说:“当他们发现文物后,他们(加沙人)会立刻藏起来,或者在加以掩盖TJNKpV&Z@HG8Q。”
比塔尔(Heyam al-Bitar)是加沙旅游和文物部的考古学家lp!=6G[x3-。她说,贩卖文物是一个问题@OPe3!WGLR|_N(。她补充说,该部门今年早些时候才得知,许多古希腊银币是2016年从加沙被盗走nI9^#8pJ=E%;[A**
她说:“很难追查到贩卖的线索,因为一切都是在暗中交易的n6%*[1m6_xn。”
阿卡德(Al-Aqqad)是少数试图在加沙拯救这类文物的人之一#zDcjuzNph#wrB。1975年,他开始收集文物,从收藏家那里购买,或者在沿海地区和新的建筑工地四处搜寻XvER8Dkt^T4QUX。现在他位于南部城市汗尤尼斯的一所房子是一家博物馆,欢迎学生和其他历史专业学生前来观赏VM)6hPa;gB@62DM(
阿卡德说:“这家博物馆是我个人努力建立的,是牺牲孩子们的面包换来的N1]^6uzQjb)6~0g。”
据加沙旅游部称,阿卡德的博物馆是加沙地带五家合法注册的私人藏品机构之一,@76;S&Jo.Y&Np
比塔尔表示,加沙旅游和文物部记录了所有私人藏品,防止文物被贩卖或从加沙偷运出境heEYH#&id%C
她补充说,这些文物的持有者已经接受了文化部和伊斯兰大学的培训,学习如何照料和修复古文物GX7E,E+J2Eff
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报M~]Fgy!ATzF

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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