VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美韩同盟关系危机四伏
日期:2019-08-22 15:54

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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In South Korea, a Small but Notable Push Back Against Trump
United States President Donald Trump can sometimes be nicer to his country's enemies than its friends.
Trump's unusual method of negotiating appears to be displeasing people in South Korea, especially conservatives. Many now appear willing to criticize the U.S. leader.
In recent weeks, there has been a small but notable backlash to Trump and his comments among South Korean conservatives. They are unhappy about his decision to say nice things about North Korean leader Kim Jong Un while pressuring South Korea to spend more on its military.
Trump's negotiating style is not new.
The U.S. president has praised Kim as his "friend" for more than a year. At the same time, he is trying to persuade the North Korean leader to give up his country's nuclear weapons. Yet there are no plans for new talks between the two sides, and North Korea continues to raise tensions with the South.
Earlier this month, South Korean human rights activists accused Trump of ignoring North Korean human rights abuses. They disputed his praise of Kim's "great and beautiful vision for his country."
Some South Koreans express concern that Trump is giving Kim too much freedom to develop weapons. They criticize him for saying he has "no problem" with North Korea's recent ballistic missile launches. The missiles can reach anywhere in South Korea.
Others were surprised when Trump again agreed with North Korea's description of U.S.-South Korean military exercises as "ridiculous" and costly.
‘He does not know...his enemy from his friend'
And then there was a U.S. newspaper report that Trump made fun of South Korea for reportedly agreeing to pay more for protection from the North. The New York Post reported that Trump tried speaking with an Asian accent when he criticized the South.
The Post story angered South Korea's largest newspaper, the conservative Chosun Ilbo. It published an editorial critical of Trump's actions. "No other U.S. president has insulted South Koreans like that," the editorial read.
Cho Kyoung-tae is a member of the South's main opposition Liberty Korea Party. He told a radio station Trump's comments raise questions about whether the United States is a trustworthy, friendly country.
"He does not know...his enemy from his friend," he said. The Yonhap news agency reported Cho's comments.
Ha Tae-keung, of the opposition Bareunmirae Party, called Trump "totally thoughtless." He added that Trump's words threaten the U.S.-South Korea alliance, Yonhap reported.
South Korean conservatives usually support a strong policy against North Korea. They have long been worried about Trump's talks with the North because they believe Kim is unlikely to give up his nuclear weapons, notes Park Won-gon.
"Trump keeps saying (good) things about Kim, which makes conservative groups angrier," he added.
Park is a professor at South Korea's Handong Global University
Small but noteworthy backlash
For now, the anti-Trump backlash is small. But it also is important because criticism of the United States is rare in South Korea.
In 2018, a Pew Research study found that 80 percent of South Koreans have a favorable opinion of the United States. That same survey suggested that just 44 percent of South Koreans trust Trump.
South Korea's president, Moon Jae-in, says the U.S. leader should receive a Nobel Peace Prize for his talks with Kim.
"You really are the peacemaker of the Korean Peninsula," Moon told Trump in June, just before the third meeting between Trump and Kim.
Many South Korean conservatives also still publicly praise Trump. They note he has kept strong international sanctions on North Korea while talking to Kim.
Alliance strong but strained
The U.S.-South Korea alliance remains strong, for now. But some experts say relations could worsen as long as Trump is president.
Trump has only increased his criticism of South Korea. He says the South and other allies do not pay enough to cover the cost of the U.S. troops that live in their countries.
At a May event in Florida, Trump said one country was "rich as hell and probably doesn't like us too much." Some South Korean observers thought his comments were directed at their country.
Earlier this month, Trump wrote that South Korea agreed to pay "more money" for the cost of the U.S. military presence. His comments appeared on Twitter. The South Korean government answered his tweet, saying negotiations about costs had yet to begin.
South Korean officials have also expressed worry about Trump's incorrect statements about the U.S.-South Korea alliance.
In February, Trump said there are 40,000 U.S. troops in South Korea. Earlier this month, the president put the number at 32,000. In reality, there about 28,500 U.S. troops in South Korea. That number comes from the U.S. Department of Defense.
This month, Trump said the United States gets "nothing" from South Korea, although the U.S. government has been helping the South "for about 82 years." It is not clear where he got that number. The Korean War started in 1950, with the fighting continuing until 1953.
I'm Susan Shand.
And I'm Anne Ball.

重点解析

1.for now 目前

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Although the shooting has stopped for now, the destruction left behind is enormous.
虽然枪战目前已停止,但造成的破坏是巨大的tthFoJLDfwU@^MO76G&C

2.nuclear weapon 核武器

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In any situation, we first will not use the nuclear weapon.
在任何情况下,我们都不会首先使用核武器G6d%3z3uYMxVDW

3.give up 放弃

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Georgia refuses to give up any territory.
格鲁吉亚拒绝出让任何领土n=3B8*ZWV[a-

4.The Korean War 朝鲜战争

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The Korean War lasted three years.
朝鲜战争持续了3年的时间*DE1p(x1ypMd|qVT

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5.Yet there are no plans for new talks between the two sides, and North Korea continues to raise tensions with the South.

there are no plans 没有计划...

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Ms Clark is still in position and there are no plans to move her.
克拉克女士仍然在位,没有要调动她的计划vE=Tr2W@yG*~Q
Despite the scare there are no plans to withdraw the drug.
尽管大家忧心忡忡,可是并无撤回药物的计划OxqhTmU*U6d6SN0

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6.At the same time, he is trying to persuade the North Korean leader to give up his country's nuclear weapons.

At the same time 同时

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It's impossible to get everybody together at the same time.
让所有人同时聚在一起是不可能的;.5fj0~R*5CfC[znm
We can't hold the two meetings at the same time; we must stagger them.
这两个会不能同时开,得错一下lcaQb,Q-o~lY8hg=WKIr

参考译文

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美韩同盟关系危机四伏
美国总统特朗普有时对敌人比朋友更友好*h!~nfSCIQRu
特朗普不同寻常的谈判方式似乎让韩国人不快,尤其是保守派zwBqGmhD~e3j[。现在,很多人似乎愿意批评这位美国领导人FARlodzrv],rtZUZ(y8
近几周,特朗普及其言论在韩国保守派中引发了小规模但明显的反对HA[RHKxGtTAWY。他们对其决定对朝鲜领导人金正恩说好话而向韩国施压,要求其在军事上投入更多资金感到不满~Kge2xHPo]t
特朗普的谈判风格已经屡见不鲜m)aB,4_-j(4_@
特朗普赞扬金正恩是他一年多来的“朋友”fGg@(PBU%Ew。同时,他还试图说服朝鲜领导人放弃核武器MN=9v)g;Uay&^y-2V[=l。不过,目前双方还没有新的会谈计划,朝鲜继续加剧与韩国的紧张关系~wOCj~)TY+k6
本月早些时候,韩国人权活动人士指责特朗普无视朝鲜侵犯人权的行为dH3#bfjN0*0ImEO。他们驳斥了其关于金正恩“对朝鲜伟大而美好的愿景”的称赞q!;Ad4t=6b;N&!R
一些韩国人担心,特朗普给了金正恩太多自由来发展核武器MFGUV3PNe1q1C|39。他们批评特朗普称,他对朝鲜最近的弹道导弹发射活动“没有异议”zvPKdzifnK!lsfDlcX。这枚导弹可以到达韩国的任何地方uh(t0.NFMtu

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美韩同盟关系危机四伏.jpg
当特朗普再次同意朝鲜方面称美韩军演“荒谬可笑”且代价高昂时,其他人颇感惊讶BYiyIu@8t_|,m6SIPu
“他......敌友不分ZJ#7R(m^#T_g
随后,美国一家报纸报道称,特朗普取笑韩国,称其同意为免受朝鲜袭击承担更多军费a,(||rQ7hso。据《纽约邮报》报道,特朗普在批评韩国时模仿亚洲口音&mjII(fdL7N#~9ASOam7
《纽约邮报》的报道激怒了韩国最大的报纸、保守派媒体《朝鲜日报》lpuL1xl!~yN%Qg#n6E。该报发表了一篇批评特朗普行为的社论RQ+OHGP+k#。社论写道:“没有哪位美国总统像(特朗普)这样侮辱韩国人n|wm[7POkD6#Q;。”
赵庆泰(Cho Kyoung-tae)是韩国主要反对党自由韩国党成员4fEjQf]vQE。他对一家电台表示,特朗普的言论导致人们质疑美国是否是一个值得信赖的友好国家rdwo.![A48W3W
“他分不清敌友,”他说eg,K|.%s8mx%itAJpWbH。韩联社报道了赵庆泰的评论v6BGJO~9_4tUd,EACp+z
反对派“正未来党”(Bareunmirae Party)的河泰姜(Ha Tae-keung)称,特朗普“完全考虑不周”u&,|lNFOr&。他补充说,韩联社报道称特朗普的言论威胁到了美韩联盟5Q&u,q=saW@.4r4
韩国保守派通常支持对朝鲜采取强硬的政策[uTT^YejJJ。朴远建(Park Won-gon)指出,他们一直担心特朗普与朝鲜的会谈,因为他们认为金正恩不太可能放弃核武器5z5&2~Qze@a-!,6x&_9
“特朗普一直在说金正恩的好话,这让保守派团体更加愤怒,”他补充说OR4W#!(.&]qPy
朴远建是韩国韩东国际大学的教授l,y*k_fE@VWR~LAi04k
轻微但明显的反击
就目前而言,反对特朗普的势头微弱QmqR]6RP*l。但这一点也很重要,因为批评美国的现象在韩国很少见iSsWK=7e1([JmV!P[
2018年,皮尤研究中心的一项研究发现,80%的韩国人对美国持有好感R]r%ZnI!(KpUtq;~T-9D。同样的调查也显示,只有44%的韩国人信任特朗普ANSYV*9PWc7iQLzWm,hC
韩国总统文在寅称,特朗普应该凭借与金正恩的会谈获得诺贝尔和平奖zVPCa*sbF+O)3pi
“您堪称是朝鲜半岛的和平缔造者,”文在寅在今年6月特朗普与金正恩举行第三次会晤之前对特朗普说道nz;IYNCG^T(x(WSz
许多韩国保守派人士仍然公开称赞特朗普.=Z9.Ay~Ix#wS。他们指出,特朗普在与金正恩会谈期间一直对朝鲜实施严厉的国际制裁ZACWEXF!S.37pGI(ru,s
关系牢固却紧张
目前,美国和韩国的同盟关系仍然很牢固T3R]Z,Ydiy8O4。但一些专家表示,只要特朗普在任,两国关系就有可能恶化1EPGdh=hvdU~
特朗普只是加大了对韩国的批评kRr3#6MsYm0。他说,韩国和其他盟国没有支付足够的费用来承担驻韩美军的费用vB1O~Xa9,tdt
今年5月,特朗普在佛罗里达州的一次活动中表示,有这么一个国家“它非常富有,可能不太喜欢我们vl=TFgkgo4rC]。”一些韩国观察人士认为,他的言论是针对韩国J918RzzR6Y
本月早些时候,特朗普写道,韩国同意为美国的驻军支付“更多的费用”Ty=iZTf.Ca。他在推特上发表了这一评论GFInqsZ4eW。韩国政府回应他的推特称,关于费用的谈判尚未开始iKt_%]vScy#I]|sc5qyx
韩国官员也对特朗普关于美韩同盟的错误言论表示担忧S58PN!|#rA*
今年2月,特朗普表示,目前有4万名美军驻扎在韩国AR6K.,nQkTh*U。本月早些时候,特朗普改口称驻军人数为3.2万yf%.zco3Nt,bZIf2lY7。事实上,在韩国驻扎着大约28500名美军tjo3A*#Yqw-^^)*q3|fy。这一数字来自美国国防部RdI0O1,&Y!Ne=~
本月,特朗普表示,从韩国身上“一无所获”,尽管美国政府“大约82年来”一直在帮助韩国sDhZ+QR!rzV*b_G=IY@。尚不清楚他从哪里得获得这一数字e)xQ(R~a5o~R%。朝鲜战争始于1950年,一直持续到1953年MVghf(KjIm][
苏珊·尚德为您播报bS&tghYB9p)dwUB7mt-
安妮·波尔为您播报[Hmo9^SCMKrap9ir5S0N

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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