VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):非洲第二家母乳银行挽救生命
日期:2019-08-13 11:22

(单词翻译:单击)

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Africa’s Second Breast Milk Bank Saves Lives in Nairobi
A hospital in Kenya has set up a breast milk bank to help save the lives of newborn babies.
The project is a first of its kind for East Africa and only the second on the African continent. Organizers say it is providing donated milk to babies in need.
The milk bank was set up at Nairobi's Pumwani Maternity Hospital. It opened in March.
Mary Auma is a mother who recently visited the hospital. She spoke with VOA reporters.
Auma's baby was born a month early. Auma herself has been sick and has not been able to breastfeed her baby, as suggested by the World Health Organization. The WHO says babies born early have a greater chance of survival when given breast milk instead of formula.
Auma says she would rather go to the hospital milk bank than use baby formula sold in the store. Auma said the bank has helped feed her baby while she recovers from her sickness.
Kenya's Ministry of Health launched the milk bank plan in partnership with PATH, a U.S.-based nonprofit health organization. The project's goal is to address the problem of newborn deaths. Currently, Nairobi leads the country in the number of newborn deaths.
In addition to assisting mothers who cannot breastfeed, the milk bank also helps feed babies who were born too early and those with low birth weights.
Fifty-eight babies have been helped by the milk bank so far. Hospital workers say the mothers are leaving with healthier newborns. "Though the project is still very young, we have noted that the neonatal mortality rate is going down," said Keziah Njau, the head nurse at the hospital.
Dr. Elizabeth Kimani-Murage is a senior research scientist at Nairobi's African Population and Health Research Center. She helped lead the push for the Nairobi milk bank. She says research has proven that very small or sick babies who receive human donor milk have a higher survival rate than those who are fed only formula.
Mary Ndinda is one of the donors. She told VOA she is happy to provide her milk to help save young lives.
She said another reason she decided to donate was because she had a very large supply of breast milk days after giving birth to her own baby.
Officials in Kenya say they hope to set up other milk banks across the country in the future.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.instead of 代替

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Why don't you play football instead of just looking on?
你为什么不参加踢足球而只是看热闹?

2.set up 设立;建立

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They set up a working party to look into the issue.
他们设立了一个特别工作组来调查这个问题Wq[|cXQ7N5I

3.so far 目前

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So far we haven't been able to find anything, but we're still researching.
目前我们还没有任何发现,但是我们仍在研究zEFj2B73o8

4.breast milk 母乳

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Antibodies in breast milk protect babies against infection.
母乳中所含的抗体可以保护婴儿免受感染!_[)A@1-6CLVr^Hg

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5.In addition to assisting mothers who cannot breastfeed, the milk bank also helps feed babies who were born too early and those with low birth weights.

In addition to 除了...之外

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There's a postage and packing fee in addition to the repair charge.
除修理费之外还有邮寄和包装费Q9JQP%@8r*0|R
In addition to my weekly wage, I got a lot of tips.
除了每周的薪水外,我还能得到不少小费NadP#nhNxa)Hy,UU(#

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6.She said another reason she decided to donate was because she had a very large supply of breast milk days after giving birth to her own baby.

giving birth to 生产;生育

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Giving birth to a child is both painful and joyful
生小孩是件既痛苦又令人高兴的事~J%vy0-zSB0,O9
My mother died giving birth to me.
我母亲生我的时候难产死了([P9Sjv[IO.o%lSK+

参考译文

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非洲第二家母乳银行挽救生命
肯尼亚一家医院设立了母乳银行,帮助挽救新生儿的生命@9vO=L0~)w
这是东非的首个此类项目,也是非洲大陆的第二个iil@J+z!o+zE54WeN(i。组织者说,该银行正在向有需要的婴儿提供捐赠的母乳Vb5e_-tOW#ZNPmhbo_
母乳银行是在内罗毕的普瓦尼妇产医院建立的5Cita^^UPp^[Wqenja*。于3月份正式开业H-rbP7VzGLD
玛丽·奥玛(Mary Auma)是一位母亲=WU%nWkV,q6gdl9x;vRv。她告诉美国之音的记者,她最近访问了这家医院LjMc00q+PdA@k%Dem]n]
奥玛的孩子提前了一个月出生nr#P!6R4B;eL]apMo^。按照世界卫生组织的建议,奥玛的身体羸弱,无法母乳喂养婴儿Dc+#PnJC(2,,is2YsY。世界卫生组织指出,如果喂养母乳而不是配方奶粉,早产婴儿的存活率更高D!FweVu%bMdz*+p8cQ|!
奥玛说,她宁愿去医院的母乳银行,也不愿购买商店出售的婴儿配方奶粉KCuYsiED9b@。奥玛表示,在身体恢复期间,银行帮助她喂养孩子GiScyvZNG#cyIaW[

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非洲第二家母乳银行挽救生命.jpg
肯尼亚卫生部与美国PATH公司合作推出了母乳银行计划,后者是一家总部设在美国的非营利性卫生组织#x~q^7Kf9G;t*q。该项目的目标是解决新生儿死亡问题GeoZ5p7K4yF8V~H;g,k。目前,内罗毕的新生儿死亡人数居全国首位@mZ@5myGvq
除了可以帮助无法母乳喂养的产妇,母乳银行还帮助喂养早产婴儿和低出生体重婴儿vl9u4Sf=@9AM_
截至目前,已有58名婴儿得到了母乳银行的帮助5rmZ%PwAT5OKi2]。医院工作人员表示,这些母亲带着更健康的新生儿出院XM)J[BD9TJ-|。医院护士长Keziah Njau说:“虽然这个项目刚起步,但我们注意到新生儿死亡率正在下降.o,B,K;YxuGIVd。”
Elizabeth Kimani-Murage博士是内罗毕非洲人口与健康研究中心的高级研究科学家KVhQ*,7AJW|2caM9。她帮助领导了内罗毕母乳银行的建设(aY0nH6w,8。她说,研究已经证明,接受母乳喂养的非常小的婴儿或患病婴儿的存活率高于只吃配方奶粉的婴儿4ADj9s4neu
玛丽·恩丁达是母乳捐赠者之一oq!X^L_krc&Qo%d~。她告诉美国之音,她很高兴提供母乳来帮助拯救年轻的生命Il2(23F.~wrG#S7
她说,她决定捐母乳的另一个原因是,在产下孩子几天后,她的奶水非常充足H&DVQgnY%bE-.HXaaW
肯尼亚官员表示,他们希望将来在全国各地建立其他的母乳银行F+n6KQ%BDE
布莱恩·林恩为您播报(UVOoRPo.SdD~TZr*_

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • formulan. 公式,配方,规则;代乳品 adj. (赛车的)级的
  • infectionn. 传染,影响,传染病
  • additionn. 增加,附加物,加法
  • donatevt. 捐赠,转移(电子) vi. 捐款
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • survivaln. 生存,幸存者
  • havenn. 港口,避难所,安息所 v. 安置 ... 于港中,
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • donorn. 捐赠人 [计算机] 施主
  • supplyn. 补给,供给,供应,贮备 vt. 补给,供给,提供,