VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):用水紧缺成全球性问题
日期:2019-08-10 23:42

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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One in four people around the world is at risk of facing dangerous water shortages, an American research organization warned Tuesday. India is at the highest risk.
Seventeen countries face extremely high water stress because they use 80 percent of their available water each year. The situation is made worse by a rise in dry periods linked to climate change, the World Resources Institute or WRI said.
We're currently facing a global water crisis, said Betsy Otto, director of WRI's global water program.
New information from WRI's Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas showed the countries suffering most are in and around the Middle East and North Africa.

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The WRI Atlas is a risk-mapping tool that helps governments, companies, investors, and other users understand where and how water risks arise worldwide.
Qatar is the most water-stressed country, followed by Israel and Lebanon.
India is 13th among extremely high water-stressed nations. But with a population of more than 1.3 billion, it has more than three times the people in the other 16 countries combined. In those countries, agriculture, industry and cities depend on avoiding water "bankruptcy."
Water bankruptcy means there is no possibility of full recovery from water shortages.
India's sixth-largest city, Chennai, was the latest city worldwide to warn it could be without water, as water storage levels fell.
That followed similar announcements from South Africa's Cape Town last year and Brazil's Sao Paulo in 2015.
We're likely to see more of these kinds of 'Day Zeros' in the future, said Otto.
Many things threaten the world's water supplies, from climate change to poor supervision, WRI said.
WRI's Atlas listed 189 countries in order of water stress, drought and river flood risk. The organization worked with universities and research organizations in the Netherlands and Switzerland, using information from the 1960s to 2014.
I'm Alice Bryant.

重点解析

1. at risk of 面临……的危险

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You can be at risk of sexual abuse or rape.
你可能会有遭受性虐待或者强奸的危险ah)Ox0UpLGX^yq)

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2.be linked to 与……有关联
This property can then be linked to actions on other components.
然后,可以将该属性链接到其他组件上的动作pHlPnh@c@g[eSx_H[Zln

参考译文

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世界上有1/4的人面临着用水紧缺的风险,这是美国某研究机构周二发出的警示MK[3vp!v(6O-9Q。印度是最高危的国家d4Hp-SVu4osx=THh[Uk,
有17个国家面临极度用水紧张,因为他们每年会用掉可用水源的80%#0IJ,|S]7C5。形势每况愈下,因为与气候变化相关的干旱期增多了,世界资源研究所(WRI)这样认为JIWcxbpAvthu8M_TiLp
我们目前面临着全球性用水危机,WRI全球用水项目主管贝琪如是说道J,*=&zTWhY5.A18IvO.a
WRI“水道”水风险工具发布的最新信息表明,
WRI的水风险工具可以展示风险,帮助政府、公司、投资人等用户了解世界范围内的用水风险在哪里出现及上升Q40vIs1~6NK
卡塔尔是用水最为紧张的国家,其次是以色列和黎巴嫩_|2p5n!IO~vdYea^V-
印度是用水紧张国家列表中名列第13=L32jO7DT)O1Y2TP81。但有着13亿多人口的印度,其人口是另外16个国家总和的3倍多xsxEx.k~#ha。在这些国家,农业、工业、各城市要过活下去都要靠避免水资源“破产”t@fr)Nffd0%c
水资源破产意味着再也不可能从用水紧缺的状态中彻底恢复过来了eRr4Qc[&lM
印度第6大城市金奈是最近一个警示称自己可能没有水可用的城市,因为这座城市水库水位在不断下降@|TQxt~xyI
在此之前,非洲开普敦去年和巴西圣保罗2015年都宣布过类似的消息crV^lD,t3K,k
我们未来很有可能看到更多这类“归零日”出现,贝琪如是说道+g1lda#(U(&TRqSR%(
有很多事情威胁着世界的水资源供应,从气候变化到监管不力,不一而足,WRI如是表示道V,6iAm1S0duAAs%Y.z0
WRI的水风险工具按照用水紧张程度、旱灾情况、河流洪水威胁给189个国家做了排名!QpdXeB2O^bojoDlw%。WRI与许多大学和研究组织合作,这些合作方位于荷兰、瑞士,他们用到了上世纪60年代-2014年之间的数据DnA*.g@le*MRJkOT@
Alice Bryant为您播报GwgD0M75U2-pZjnC]

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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