Britain's New Leader Johnson Promises to Get Brexit Done
Boris Johnson on Wednesday is set to take over Britain's governing Conservative Party and become the country's next prime minister.
Johnson is a strong supporter of Britain's exit from the European Union. He replaces Theresa May. She announced her resignation two months ago following several failed efforts to reach a deal to lead her country out of the EU, a process also known as Brexit.
Johnson is one of Britain's most famous and controversial politicians. He was a newspaper reporter and, later, the mayor of London. He also served as Britain's foreign secretary.
Johnson defeated Jeremy Hunt in the Conservative leadership contest. He won two-thirds of the votes among about 160,000 party members across Britain.
In a short speech to hundreds of party members and lawmakers, Johnson promised to "deliver Brexit, unite the country and defeat Jeremy Corbyn." Corbyn is the leader of the opposition Labour Party.
U.S. President Donald Trump tweeted his congratulations and said he will be "great." Trump has praised Johnson in the past.
Trump has been critical of May's inability to reach a Brexit deal. He has said Johnson will do a better job.
May stepped down after Parliament repeatedly rejected the Brexit agreement she struck with the 28-nation European Union.
Conservatives supported Johnson after he promised to succeed where May had failed. He told voters he would lead Britain out of the EU by October 31, even if there is not a deal.
"I think we know that we can do it, and that the people of this country are trusting in us to do it and we know that we will do it," said Johnson.
Johnson said he can get the EU to renegotiate the deal it made with May, something the EU says it will not do.
Economists and financial leaders fear that a no-deal Brexit could take Britain into recession. They also fear big problems with international trade. These fears have pushed down the value of British money, the pound.
Carolyn Fairbairn is the director of the Confederation of British Industry. She said there must be a Brexit deal.
"On Brexit, the new prime minister must not underestimate the benefits of a good deal," she said.
In 2016, Johnson played an important part in the EU referendum campaign. He popularized the false claim that Britain sends the EU $440 million a week. He argued that money should instead be used for the British health service.
Britain sends about half the amount of money Johnson claimed.
After May became prime minister, she made Johnson the foreign secretary. He made several mistakes during his two years in the position, such as suggesting Libyan officials should "clear the dead bodies" out of the destroyed city of Sirte to make it a shopping center. He quit the government in 2018.
Many Conservative Party members believe Johnson can deliver on Brexit. Critics say he is a Trump-like leader and someone who uses racist language to get support.
British lawmakers begin their six-week summer break on Friday. They return to work in September. Johnson will then begin the fight for his plans.
Johnson will be the leader of a House of Commons whose members are mostly against leaving the EU without a deal. They and others plan to resist any push for a no-deal Brexit.
I'm Susan Shand.
1.fight for 为...奋斗
They pledged to fight for democratic rights.
2.shopping center 购物中心
The Fifth Avenue is a famous shopping center in new york.
3.take over 接管
Cars gradually took over from horses
4.prime minister 首相
The Prime Minister is preparing for a showdown with Ministers.
5.Trump has been critical of May's inability to reach a Brexit deal.
reach a deal 达成协议
Greece is unlikely to reach a deal this month with its creditors.
It is not hard to see why it has proved so hard to reach a deal.
6.In 2016, Johnson played an important part in the EU referendum campaign.
played an important part 发挥重要作用
He played an important part in the play.
He has played an important part in carrying through the whole plan.
约翰逊是英国脱欧的坚定支持者 。他取代了特蕾莎·梅 。两个月前，梅首相宣布辞职，此前她曾多次试图达成一项协议，带领英国脱离欧盟，但均以失败告终 。
约翰逊是英国著名、最具争议的政治家 。他是报社记者出身，后来当选伦敦市长 。他还担任过英国外交大臣 。
约翰逊在保守党领袖竞选中击败了杰里米·亨特 。他赢得了全英国约16万名议员的三分之二选票 。
在面对数百名党员和议员发表的简短讲话中，约翰逊承诺“实现脱欧，团结全国，击败杰里米·科尔宾 。”科尔宾是反对党工党领袖 。
美国总统特朗普发推特表示祝贺并称对方“非常棒” 。特朗普过去还称赞过约翰逊 。
特朗普一直批评梅首相未能达成脱欧协议 。他说约翰逊会更加出色 。
在约翰逊承诺要成功实现脱欧后，获得了保守派的支持 。他告诉选民，即使没有达成脱欧协议，他也会在10月31日前带领英国脱离欧盟 。
经济学家和金融领袖担心，无协议脱欧可能会让英国陷入衰退 。他们也担心国际贸易的大问题 。这些担忧导致英镑贬值 。
卡罗琳·费尔贝恩(Carolyn Fairbairn)是英国工业联盟的负责人 。她说，必须要达成脱欧协议 。
2016年，约翰逊在欧盟公投中发挥了重要作用 。他大肆宣扬英国每周向欧盟提供4.4亿美元的错误说法 。他认为这些钱应该用于英国的医疗服务 。
特蕾莎·梅当选首相后，任命约翰逊为外交大臣 。约翰逊在任两年期间出过几次纰漏，例如建议利比亚官员清理被毁城市苏尔特的“尸体”，来建立购物中心 。他于2018年辞职 。
许多保守党成员认为，约翰逊能够实现英国脱欧 。批评人士指出，他是一个“特朗普式”的领导人，通过种族主义语言来获得支持 。
周五，英国议员开始了为期六周的休假 。他们9月将重返工作岗位 。届时，约翰逊将开始他的施政计划 。
约翰逊将成为下议院的领袖，下议院的多数议员反对无协议脱欧 。他们和其他人计划抵制任何推动“无协议脱欧”的努力 。