VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):印尼市民起诉政府 要求改善空气质量
日期:2019-07-20 23:33

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A group of Indonesian citizens is suing the government in an effort to force action to reduce air pollution in the capital Jakarta.
At least 31 citizens joined the effort to bring the legal action earlier this month. The citizens say the government has done little to try to cut severe pollution levels.
The Switzerland-based air quality-monitoring group Air Visual rates world cities on an Air Quality Index of 500. A rating of 151-200 is considered to be unhealthy, while 201-300 is seen as very unhealthy. In late June, Jakarta reached a level of 231.

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The lawsuit was brought against Indonesian President Joko Widodo as well as the environment minister, the governor of Jakarta and other officials.
In answer to the lawsuit, Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan blamed much of the air pollution problems on drivers in the city. He urged citizens in Jakarta to use public transportation to reduce pollution levels.
Jakarta is home to more than 10 million people and 18 million vehicles, including cars and motorcycles.
Andono Warih, acting head of Jakarta's Environment Office, also recently noted the problem of vehicle emissions. Of the cause of pollution in Jakarta, 75 percent comes from transportation, he said.
The Forum for the Environment, an environmental activist group, also represented citizens in the case. Tubagus Soleh Ahmadi is director of the group. He said government officials need to do more to inform citizens about all the causes of pollution. He also said that current requirements for air quality limits are too low.
While he agrees that vehicle emissions are a major pollution problem, Ahmadi said officials need to take more action to reduce them. Yes, the main source is from transportation, what about mandatory emission tests for vehicles and the industry? he asked.
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重点解析

1. in an effor to 为了……

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This is because, in an effort to be helpful, the browser stores the information on your computer so it reloads it from your computer, not from the actual site.
这是因为,为了起作用,浏览器在你的电脑上储存了信息,这样它重新从你的电脑上载入网页,而不是从那个站点上6,4|^953KuZIbUVtW!nb

2. legal action 法律行动

This information will be useful if you need to take legal action.
如果你需要采取法律行动,这些信息将很有帮助*qVNZgx+=Ru!l

参考译文

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许多印尼市民正在整在起诉政府,目的是迫使政府采取行动,从而减少首都雅加达的空气污染D3&d7T9-qu
至少有31名市民都参加了本月初的法律诉讼y_&F^qR,4tJ+9。这些市民表示,政府对减少严重污染水平方面做得太少了N@oOt(eeTfu#=[u9z8b
位于瑞士的空气质量监督组织“空气视觉”对世界各个城市的空气质量指数进行了评级,最高值是500&VVkt2VkOz65KAC。如果指数在151-200之间的话,空气质量的评级是不健康;如果在201-300指间的话,评级是非常不健康(|h0(i*)JxlFS0。6月末,雅加达的指数达到了231;p#(tvD;U4W;DG6_^
这起诉讼是针对印尼总统佐科·维多多、环境部部长兼雅加达专区省长,此外也包括其他一些官员jmbo|Wl*[h=9MO
在回应此次起诉时,雅加达专区省长阿尼斯将空气污染问题的锅甩到了该市的司机身上2~R[n|tnm~cz#[l。他敦促雅加达市民使用公共交通来缓解空气污染A=_(wE=is6k
雅加达有1000多万居民、1800辆车,包括小汽车、摩托车yYSO[9%&l2s=[6r.
雅加达环境办事处的代理负责人安东诺最近也提到了汽车排放物的问题98(v(6Ue=BoUh@。他表示,关于雅加达污染的根源问题,75%来自于交通|@p=,*E2hqm^NUQ
有一个环保组织叫“环境论坛”,该组织也表示在这个问题上代表市民的利益发言41&|[l8#tB。苏莉是该组织的负责人nVbTpU4|HI。他表示,政府官员需要做更堵事情来让市民了解污染的根源所在k,RGzurfNh.)]I!.。他还表示,当前对空气质量的上限要求太低了cngEmsebPm@-S-r69~
虽然他也认同汽车排放物是重大污染问题,但苏莉也表示,官员们需要做更多事情来减少这种排放;r0Td-j3G51xk。他表示,没错,主要源头是来自于交通,但政府是否有对交通工具和交通业做强制排放测试呢?他做了这样的发问.vsQZg^Y2vA_W#n
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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