VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国谴责世贸组织"偏袒"中国
日期:2019-07-18 17:27

(单词翻译:单击)

h=EuErf4lUm9(g

听力文本

GK]tH-+iFF7*|f

o4!((xKTang1ugTOu.x4

US Denounces WTO Ruling Favoring China
The U.S. is angry about a World Trade Organization, WTO, decision that could allow China to place economic restrictions on the United States.
The case is not related to President Donald Trump's recent tariffs against China. Instead, it dates back to 2007. At that time, Chinese officials came to the WTO to stop U.S. tariffs on some Chinese exports, including solar panels and wind towers. The exports were then valued at nearly $7.3 billion.
In one way, WTO officials agreed with U.S. officials' argument. The Americans charge that some Chinese state-owned companies help private Chinese companies by providing products at unfairly low prices.
However, the WTO decision also found the U.S. did not put the right amount of tariffs on Chinese goods as punishment for the subsidies. As a result, the WTO said, the Americans must adjust their tariffs or accept Chinese sanctions in return.
The office of the U.S. Trade Representative, USTR, said Tuesday that it was pleased by the first part of the ruling. It did not, however, agree with the second decision.
The USTR said the decision undermines WTO rules. It added that China's state-owned businesses are harming U.S. workers and creating problems with markets around the world. It also said it will "take all necessary steps to ensure a level playing field" with China.
Separately, European Union trade chief Cecilia Malmstrom commented on the WTO's appellate court on Tuesday. She said it could collapse for a short time in 2019 because the U.S. opposes the nomination of its judges.
U.S. President Donald Trump has blocked nominations to the seven-member court. He has accused judges of taking too much power and ignoring their own rules.
The block is not expected to be lifted anytime soon. If it is not, the court could be cut to one judge by December 11. With only one judge, the WTO's appeals court would not be able to hear new cases.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.in return 作为报答

Dl=aNE8acB!z3=w.si

I'll sell at a discount in return for a speedy sale.
为了尽快售出,我会打折销售WB.TM|*%|6Dyz

2.low prices 低价

Z-ExUV%BUXmQf2CH!d1_

Low prices crimped domestic output and foreign imports.
低物价阻碍了国内出口和国外进口2Z2yjuUEPX

3.agreed with 同意;认可

ZcruMpC31BmZ!fI]jO+m

The jury agreed with her, but she lost the case on appeal.
陪审团同意她的说法,但在上诉时她败诉了s.%hGtga|l

4.economic restrictions 经济制裁

NR1FTMU[cy=uW

Her telephone number differs from mine by one digit.
她的电话号码和我的只差一个数字x]06%b!N!d1WU!,)PR

G#|b2Bm_RCK[^P_!

5.As a result, the WTO said, the Americans must adjust their tariffs or accept Chinese sanctions in return.

As a result 结果;因此

p7j1YZVxwq

As a result, the bad thing has been turned into a good one.
结果坏事变成了好事%cDW,^6nUh4-8~
As a result, industry was overmanned and pen-pushers were everywhere.
结果是,企业人浮于事,到处都是耍笔杆子的人ktKzQvurs9RF[,rPv

92r0oPgRJgDX2Nc7#

6.She said it could collapse for a short time in 2019 because the U.S. opposes the nomination of its judges.

for a short time 短期的

oD]0VUI]w6

They only stayed for a short time.
他们只呆了一小会儿]i-Lun#E7PEIPYwL*
It is extremely important to study for a short time every day.
每天花一点时间学习是很重要的b%qHshnX(oojk

参考译文

hg-603fd-UtZ0Oo

R~]Wie9&6WDFL4

美国谴责世贸组织“偏袒”中国
美国对世贸组织(WTO)裁决中国可对美实施经济制裁感到愤怒TUO;=0uCv5hD1o
该案件跟特朗普总统近期对中国加征关税无关,而是要追溯至2007年Z#SaNYQOED;I73h74wtF
当时,中国官员向世贸组织申诉,要求美国停止对一些中国产品征收关税,包括太阳能板和风力发电塔TwYRm4e1]JK5
当时的出口额约达73亿美元Oja@B3KUexh
在某一方面上,世贸组织官员认可美国官员的观点hf^Gd0=~(-
美国方面指责中国一些国有企业以不公平低价提供产品补贴中国民营企业DYf^tNk(|#(w

N!~F;EKYPFp%mG3&

美国谴责世贸组织“偏袒”中国.jpg
然而,世贸组织的裁决还发现,美国对中国商品征收的惩罚性关税总额并不适当SZd)TTl+~gg.yYMvc
因此,世贸组织称,美国必须调整关税,否则就接受中国的制裁GhS]sEBkQ0if
美国贸易代表办公室周二表示,对该裁决的第一部分感到满意G[jhIhtAkq.
但是并不认同第二部分的裁决内容s&B0!*m3l#UNv177)s
美国贸易代表办公室称,这项裁决破坏了世贸组织的规则JTOg@X|jQTlZ
该办公室补充说,中国国有企业正在伤害美国工人,给全球市场带来问题PJcfgw)y_CZp
它还称,将“采取一切必要措施,确保与中国建立公平的竞争环境7J;1,S~vlS0.。”
另外,欧盟贸易主管塞西莉亚·马尔姆斯特罗姆周二就世贸组织上诉法庭一事置评_v(^+Dw8Aa=dfC
她说,由于美国反对提名法官,该法案可能会在2019年短期内陷入停滞B4%9v!p(t9u=c]LyRV&D
美国总统特朗普阻止了这家7人法庭的法官提名iMZy!_tySe)+
特朗普指责法官权利过大,无视世贸组织的规章制度apI0gpb%TXGCX
预计美国的干涉不会很快被解除|!)mDU!q(se!t.Pzz
如未能解除,该法院可能会在12月11日被裁减为1名法官+69i-Zu+Q6D
只有1名法官,世贸组织上诉法庭将无法受理新的案件l*a3|.ONuoeb
苏珊·尚德为您播报M5fa9,UIPD3|

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

Fn[w8t1Tsem.Eo;7Vx)vTgp#=#p_ZvF7^#4hyP];a)qs0-*
分享到