VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):北三角移民施压美国与墨西哥
日期:2019-07-05 16:21

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Migration from Northern Triangle Countries Presses Mexico, US
Reverend Fernando Cuevas has watched migrants leave for Mexico from the steps of his church in a town on Guatemala's border. He has seen large and small groups gather in the town to get on small boats waiting to carry them to Mexico.
Cuevas says there is little effort by the Guatemalan government to stop migrants from crossing into Mexico illegally on rafts.
"Having no immigration policy is also a policy," Cuevas said. "There are too many conflicts of interest to stop migration."
The governments of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador have said nothing as U.S. President Donald Trump threatened Mexico with tariffs. The tariffs were meant to punish Mexico for permitting thousands of migrants to flow to the U.S. southern border.
The Associated Press reports that the migrants are mainly from the so-called Northern Triangle countries -- not Mexico.
A major reason for their silence? The countries of the Northern Triangle depend heavily on the money their citizens send home from other countries.
In Honduras, remittances totaled more than $4.8 billion last year. The central bank says that is more than 20 percent of the country's economy. In Guatemala, remittances are more than $9 billion. And in El Salvador they are about $5.5 billion.
Efforts to improve conditions in the Northern Triangle
Mexico has deployed thousands of National Guard troops across its territory to help control migration.
Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador supports a United Nations-backed development plan for the Northern Triangle area and southern Mexico. He says the U.S. government also has promised to guarantee investments.
Last month, López Obrador offered El Salvador's president, Nayib Bukele, a $30-million donation for a reforestation and jobs program. López Obrador is expanding his own version of that program. He hopes it will stop Mexicans in rural areas from migrating to the U.S.
The Northern Triangle governments face problems of poverty, crime and violence. Such conditions are driving emigration.
Last month, Mexican Interior Secretary Olga Sánchez Cordero said Mexico was not to blame. "The Americans really believe that we're not doing our job," she said. "We are doing it...The issue is the humanitarian crisis in Honduras" and the rest of Central America.
Sanchez Cordero said Honduran officials told Mexico that about 500,000 of their citizens had left the country since last fall.
Guatemalan officials say they have been fighting the problem.
In May, Guatemala announced it had broken up a human smuggling ring that made $10 million by taking people to the United States. The announcement came while acting U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Kevin McAleenan was visiting the area. The U.S. is also sending immigration agents to work as advisers to their Guatemalan counterparts.
Fernando Neira Orjuela is with the Research Center for Latin America and the Caribbean at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
He said, "That the migrants leave, for some of these governments, is like shedding problems — fewer jobs to worry about, fewer social issues to attend to."
Neira added that the Central American countries consider remittances an important economic gain.
When asked about the tension between Mexico and the United States over immigration, Honduran Deputy Foreign Affairs Secretary Nelly Jerez said, "Those are bilateral situations between the United States and Mexico."
But this week, El Salvador's president said he took responsibility for the loss of life of his country's citizens at the U.S. border.
Bukele spoke about the tragic death of a Salvadoran father and his 2-year-old daughter. They drowned last month while trying to cross the Rio Grande River into Texas. "They fled El Salvador. They fled our country. It is our fault," Bukele said.
I'm Mario Ritter Jr.

重点解析

1.broke up 分手;结束

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You and she broke up or not?
你和她到底会不会分手?

2.worry about 担心

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You have nothing to worry about.
你没有什么可担心的0AWC3+.R5lp;

3.social issues 社会问题

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These ads deal with large social issues.
这些广告涉及大量的社会问题KkJZ2Da^l&U8xf

4.rural areas 农村地区

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In some rural areas, the teachers themselves have not graduated from high school.
在一些农村地区,很多老师自己本身连高中都没有毕业Y9Wkpe#)~w

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5.But this week, El Salvador's president said he took responsibility for the loss of life of his country's citizens at the U.S. border.

took responsibility for 对...负责

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The school's governing body took responsibility for the decision.
学校行政机构对这个决定负责h5.G3Mk%eI=5*i]Z3&Jl
Instead, however, Mary took responsibility for herself and created a life of which she can be proud.
然而,她为自己承担了责任,并且创造了值得自己骄傲的生活wL[8uN;u,8j-

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6.But this week, El Salvador's president said he took responsibility for the loss of life of his country's citizens at the U.S. border.

loss of life 死亡

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The flood was a major catastrophe, causing heavy loss of life.
洪水是一场大灾难,夺去了许多人的生命w,HX;q%Q#00*h~
The accident was attended with great loss of life.
那次事故伤亡惨重o@A=2!8rVUNfmFMWJ4

参考译文

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北三角移民施压美国与墨西哥
牧师费尔南多·奎瓦斯(Fernando Cuevas)目睹了移民走下危地马拉边境小镇的教堂台阶,前往墨西哥0e+w_23Rl3wI。他看到大大小小的人群在小镇聚集,竞相搭乘将他们送往墨西哥的小型船只3Qyqh8pj@qo
奎瓦斯表示,危地马拉政府在阻止移民非法偷渡进入墨西哥方面几乎没有采取任何措施ZHN0fw0L*ZxIO|+WR
“没有任何移民政策也是一种政策”奎瓦斯指出I7SHc#btsX。“有太多的利益冲突,无法阻止移民n;A6CNr]*V)。”
当美国总统特朗普威胁墨西哥征收关税时,危地马拉、洪都拉斯和萨尔瓦多三国政府均为作出任何表态CIDB#D9ba23。关税旨在惩罚墨西哥允许成千上万的移民涌入美国南部边境#[)B%Zvck#9x2XlsTw

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北三角移民施压美国与墨西哥.jpg
美联社报告道,这些移民主要来自“北三角”国家,而非墨西哥|FX9KXcfz8|
他们默不作声的主要原因?北三角国家很大程度上依赖其公民从其他国家寄回家的钱cUajt8*AG^mH
在洪都拉斯,去年的汇款总额超过48亿美元p[wg9&F^WVE2~4]。该国中央银行称,其所占份额超过国家经济的20%~fHwtVXNj~。在危地马拉,汇款金额超过了90亿美元!F0XF*~+fh.FVr,t_)。而在萨尔瓦多,汇款金额约为55亿美元p]rnzl*UrAUx|HU
墨西哥在领地部署了数千支国防部队,帮助控制移民*oJ*S517Vb3*7u
墨西哥总统安德烈斯·曼努埃尔·洛佩斯·奥布拉多支持一项联合国支持的北三角地区和墨西哥南部发展计划qROBN8GaziUqBdzWthb!。他说,美国政府也承诺会担保投资aMyN#g*vTLQrri
上个月,洛佩斯·奥布拉多向萨尔瓦多总统纳伊布·布克勒捐赠了3000万美元,用于植树造林和就业项目nr=5OURuvkd。洛佩斯·奥布拉多也正在本国推广类似项目Rm)kvBLksTCkz&VZ^[。他希望该项目可以阻止墨西哥农村地区的人移民至美国)lQwxbfgHyZy.
北三角国家的政府面临着贫穷、犯罪和暴力等问题U)0UB[jww80。这样的环境正推动着移民];#n3aBjaW)itX(M^
上个月,墨西哥内政部长奥尔加·桑契斯·科德罗称,墨西哥不是罪魁祸首z;h3+]Lu28bVXz)QmHOh。“美国人真的认为我们并没有尽到职责”她说WM!3u|d*XoH。“我们正在努力……而问题是洪都拉斯和中美洲其他地区的人道主义危机M%!Pv=-05mFZ.w1LQT#R。”
桑切斯·科尔德称,洪都拉斯的官员告诉墨西哥,去年秋季以来,约50万洪都拉斯公民离开了该国DGvr-|vwR=IVJ6NopG.i
危地马拉的官员表示,他们一直在努力解决移民问题hop#u1=uP.;[[
5月份,危地马拉宣布破获了一个人口走私集团ft8Z,35&pWyOM。该集团通过走私人口到美国获利1000万美元8.![7*a49Z0。该消息是在美国国土安全部代理部长凯文·麦亚历南访问这个地区时公布的-RQK*bkE7R。美国也在派遣移民代理到危地马拉同行业担任顾问hUFWV&&,CRuf*]p1
费尔南多·尼拉·奥朱埃拉在墨西哥国立自治大学的拉丁美洲和加勒比研究中心工作K-6cHGJ=z5bX;fkT!a
他说,“对于这些国家的一些政府来说,移民离开就像是在摆脱问题,例如,需要担心的就业问题更少了,需要处理社会问题也更少了5)*;6hpie|.mef。”
尼拉补充说,中美洲国家认为,汇款是一项重要的经济收益.uY(06Ug~Ot[NGhd
当被问及墨西哥与美国在移民问题方面的紧张局势时,洪都拉斯的外交部副部长耐莉·赫雷斯表示,“这是美国和墨西哥的双边问题GQQ&r**_.aN2nw。”
但是本周,萨尔瓦多总统表示,他对其公民在美国边境死亡一事负有责任uEwwFTTLn[rQcE.1
布克勒提到了萨尔瓦多男子及其2岁女儿死亡的悲剧;XORqR.LN!naTSY.。上个月,这对父女在竭力跨过格兰德河进入德克萨斯州时溺亡[fSbFbfvJ#e36-I。“他们逃离了萨尔瓦多oJmXYO&A#ImLF)。他们逃离了我们国家wb!rFpVgcf8YhE0[83U。这是我们的过错,”布克勒说道+lEIaQq_]AKtJ
小马里奥·里特为您播报43Cm2ru-PU~nRNob

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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