VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国移民拘押中心人满为患
日期:2019-07-04 16:05

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Agency Calls Border Detention 'Dangerously Overcrowded'
A new report by the Homeland Security Inspector General describes bad conditions and overcrowding at centers along the border in Texas.
The centers are where U.S. border officials detain migrants who try to enter the country illegally. One supervisor of a center said he is concerned about the safety of his workers. He called the situation a "ticking time bomb."
Report Documents Overcrowding
The report was released Tuesday. The document includes pictures of people behind chain-link fencing and other barriers. Some are lying on bare floors with nothing to do. Some men are in a room where they can only stand because the room is small and there are too many people.
In other rooms, men and women wear surgical masks and put their hands on the window. One photo shows 88 men crowded inside a small room meant to fit only 41 people. One man holds a cardboard sign which says "help" against a window in another picture.
The report says some migrants put socks and blankets in the toilets so they can get out of the cells while the toilets are repaired.
The inspector general's report says it is difficult for the migrants to keep clean because there are few showers. Many migrants become sick and have stomach problems from the poor diet that they are given.
Government rules state that migrants should "generally not be held for longer than 72 hours in CBP hold rooms or holding facilities." The CBP is the Customs and Border Protection agency. Many of the migrants said they were in the centers for more than 10 days.
Immediate Steps Needed
The inspector general called on the DHS to "take immediate steps to alleviate dangerous overcrowding and prolonged detention of children and adults in the Rio Grande Valley."
A group of Democratic Party lawmakers who visited one facility in Texas Monday called conditions there "horrifying."
Critics blame U.S. President Donald Trump. They say the Trump administration has caused the overcrowding by refusing to release migrants entering the country, some of whom are seeking asylum.
The DHS report says, in the past year, there has been a 124 percent increase in the number of migrants detained at the border in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Information for the U.S. Customs and Border Protection says that the number of people detained at the southwest border has sharply increased since January. In May, 144,278 were detained.
Several children have died while being held by U.S. agencies in the past year.
I'm Jill Robbins.

重点解析

1.ticking time bomb 定时炸弹

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If we don't do something about the pollution problem, we'll be sitting on a ticking time bomb.
如果我们现在对环境问题视而不见,就好比坐在一颗定时炸弹上LCPlHmYQya7+

2.get out 离开;出去

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I wanted to get out of the group, but they wouldn't let me.
我想退出这个团体,但是他们不同意mOErqY8ycNoV#UKN.a(

3.poor diet 不良的饮食

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Poor diet and excess smoking will seriously damage the health of your hair.
不合理饮食和过度吸烟会严重损害头发的健康*2lecu)!=&crZ*ca7y

4.A group of 一组;一群

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Suddenly the door opened and a group of children burst in.
门突然打开,闯进了一群孩子3!0J*NERv@Lz1%MXln

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5.The inspector general called on the DHS to "take immediate steps to alleviate dangerous overcrowding and prolonged detention of children and adults in the Rio Grande Valley."

take steps to 采取措施

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The directors will take steps to insure against possible failure.
董事们将采取措施,以防可能出现的失败#t9P0-V166ZD9(-
We should take steps to prevent war.
我们应当采取措施制止战争ALn#ZRPo]NN+m9

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6.The DHS report says, in the past year, there has been a 124 percent increase in the number of migrants detained at the border in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas.

in the past year 过去的一年

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The cost of living had been racing up in the past year.
去年生活费用一直急剧上涨y^kJ^2tn^nilr=j+@+j3
China has had a lot of achievements in the past year.
在过去一年中,中国取得了很多成就(OdRtz)nj4EVC

参考译文

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美国移民拘押中心人满为患
国土安全部监察长发表的一份新报告描述了德州边境各中心的恶劣条件和人满为患TJUsMp3l,f
这些中心是美国边境官员用来拘押试图非法进入美国的移民F_80WxTRF+nb]T%Kz-gB。一家中心的主管表示,他担心员工的安全,他称现在的情况像“一颗定时炸弹kYPRN~QqS3。”
报告记录下的拥挤状态
该报告于周二发布6.lnBx7BNrcR+B。文件中包含人们站在铁丝网和栅栏后的照片)Wr4PXA6.5f!P0。有人躺在光秃秃的地板上无所事事,有些男性挤在一个仅能站立的房间内,因为房间太小,而人太多QqscK]wwRlgZBE
其他一些房间里的男女都戴着口罩,双手放在窗户上7OznSR.A(3MueeV(+Kh!。其中一张照片显示88名男子挤在一间只能容纳41人的房间内LE2elVQxVy4^,。还有一张照片中,一名男子紧贴着窗户举起写着“救命”的纸板标牌PZVW-E[[Ckb

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美国移民拘押中心人满为患.jpg
该报告称,有些移民将袜子和毯子塞进厕所,这样就可以趁厕所修理期间离开牢房q4au*h0(s=K6nESsR
监察长的报告称,由于淋浴条件太差,移民很难保持清洁VSjufaAZT1g36。很多移民因饮食不良生病并且得胃病@gAV6Po)=q.qH4x
政府规定,移民在海关和边境保护局的扣留时间通常不应该超过72小时)!!dQftU%ziXE。很多移民表示,他们被拘留中心扣押了超过10天Rt7ex@,dHM
需要立即采取措施
监察长呼吁国土安全部立即采取措施,缓解儿童和成年人在里奥格兰德河谷的过度拥挤和长期拘押状况oZ6#3nLlI,KxZ~5vZbE
一群民主党议员周一访问了德克萨斯州的一家拘留中心,称那里的恶劣条件“令人发指”S_IJdV&erDjYp
批判者将这一问题归咎于特朗普总统KIq_F;L_y0Kg22r#vJl。他们称,特朗普政府拒绝释放进入该国的移民,导致人满为患G8Z~YkK0eU。其中一些移民正在寻求庇护5XmXfNPd)-w
国土安全部的这份报告称,在过去1年内,在德州里奥格兰德河谷边境被拘押的移民人数增加了124%@Fbhvdo7V)9|*2&gU-w0。美国海关和边境保护局的资料显示,自1月份以来,西南边境被拘押的人数急剧上升cE_pMy32,_r]PU^^hKiO。今年5月,有14.4278万人被拘押If;]OEVe7!#5~D
去年,有数名孩子在被美国机构拘留期间死亡p6lk7p@gS0.*Oy~=,[
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • releasen. 释放,让渡,发行 vt. 释放,让与,准予发表,发
  • immediateadj. 立即的,即刻的,直接的,最接近的
  • blamen. 过失,责备 vt. 把 ... 归咎于,责备
  • pollutionn. 污染,污染物
  • asylumn. 收容所,避难所,庇护,精神病院
  • protectionn. 保护,防卫
  • cardboardn. 厚纸板
  • bordern. 边界,边境,边缘 vt. 与 ... 接壤,加边于
  • concernedadj. 担忧的,关心的
  • excessn. 过量,超过,过剩 adj. 过量的,额外的