Who is the Chief Justice of the United States: John Roberts, Mike Pompeo, William Barr or Neil Gorsuch? The Chief Justice, who's also the Chief Judge of the U.S. Supreme Court is John Roberts.
That's a question from the civics part of the U.S. naturalization test. The test that someone born outside the United States takes to become a citizen.
The exam has a total of 100 questions, but only 10 of those are asked to people applying for U.S. citizenship, and they have to get at least six of the answers right.
A new law was just passed in the state of Indiana that requires all high school students there to take the naturalization test as part of their civics studies. They don't have to pass the test to graduate. They just have to take it. Those who support the law say they're concerned that many American high school students wouldn't be able to pass the test. So they're hoping that requiring them to take it will help solve that. Those who oppose the law say it's not necessary since students are already learning this information through their civics, history and social studies classes. The law is set to take effect next school year. Several other states have a similar requirement in place.
Today, we decided to test you knowledge with a few more questions from the naturalization test. First, who is known as the father of our country: George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, or Thomas Jefferson? The answer: America's first president, George Washington. Next, what are the first words of the U.S. Constitution? We hold these truths, four score and seven years ago, Congress shall make no law, or we the people? The answer — we the people. Finally, how many U.S. senators are there: 50, 100, 435, or 438? The answer? 100. Two senators for every state.
这个问题出自美国入籍考试的公民学部分 。入籍考试是想加入美国国籍的非美国出生者需要参加的考试 。
印第安纳州刚刚通过一项法律，要求该州所有高中学生参加入籍考试，作为公民课的一部分 。即使这项考试没通过，学生也能获得毕业证 。他们只需要参加考试 。支持该法律的人表示，他们担心许多美国高中生无法通过这项考试 。因此，他们希望要求高中生参加该考试有助于解决这个问题 。而反对这项法律的人则认为该法没有必要，因为学生已经通过公民课、历史课和社会研究课学习了相关知识 。这项新法将于下个学年生效 。其他多个州也出台了类似的规定 。
今天，我们要用入籍考试中的几个问题来测试一下大家的知识 。第一个问题，被称为美国国父的是谁？乔治·华盛顿、本杰明·富兰克林、约翰·亚当斯还是托马斯·杰斐逊？答案是：美国首位总统乔治·华盛顿 。下一个问题，美国宪法的第一句话是什么？我们认为这些真理、87年前、国会不得制定任何法律还是我们人民？答案是：我们人民 。最后一个问题，美国有多少参议员？50、100、435还是438？答案是100 。每个州有两名参议员 。
1. a total of 总数；总额；合计；
You got 47 points on the written examination and 18 on the oral, making a total of 65.
2. apply for 申请；请求；
He has to ap ply for a permit and we have to find him a job.
3. take effect 开始实施；生效；
The agreement takes effect right after it is signed.
4. be known as 称为；叫做；
The drug is commonly known as Ecstasy.