VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):奥委会承诺改革申办城市产生机制
日期:2019-06-27 15:22

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Olympic Committee Promises Changes to Way Cities, Countries Are Chosen
The International Olympic Committee is promising changes to how the Olympic Games are awarded.
This week, the IOC voted to give the Italian cities of Milan and Cortina the 2026 Winter Olympics.
On Wednesday, The IOC voted to reform the way host cities are chosen. The games may be hosted in several cities or countries at the same time. Host cities may be invited or they may be chosen without competition.
The International Olympic Committee wants to avoid the negative reports that often come with hosting the Olympic Games. Local people often face higher taxes and costly stadiums that are left unused when the Games are over.
The committee, which is based in Lausanne, Switzerland, has been angered by recent public votes in Europe and Canada that rejected the Olympics. Now, the IOC wants cities and countries to show public approval before asking to host the games.
"We cannot...continue to be damaged as we have in the past," IOC member John Coates said. He presented the reforms, some of which have already been tested in the 2026 Winter Games competition.
On Monday, Milan and Cortina in northern Italy beat a joint offer by Stockholm, Sweden and Are, Latvia, for the 2026 Winter Games. Northern Italy's population showed strong support for the Games, IOC studies showed.
Future Olympic cities will be required to use existing and temporary sports venues. Costly building projects will not be encouraged.
The Olympic Charter rule requiring hosts to be voted on seven years before a Summer or Winter Games will end. That rule was ignored in 2017 when Los Angeles was chosen 11 years before the 2028 Summer Games.
In fact, elections may be canceled.
The new process will create Olympic panels — one each for Summer and Winter Games — that will choose one or more countries. If there is more than one country, an election will be held.
IOC President Thomas Bach wants to avoid "too many losers."
The new panels will have the power to have ongoing discussions with cities and may even request some cities to consider hosting an Olympics. The panels will report to the executive board, which will pick its members.
Coates said the process will create a list of potential cities that will extend into the future.
The IOC said it will not make the process difficult, and will not demand legal guarantees long before the Games, said Richard Pound. He is the longest serving member of the IOC.
But he added, "Once you make a decision on the host city, millions of people start to make plans based on that and hundreds of millions of dollars are committed to it."
The IOC's reforms started after Bach's election in September 2013. They also follow the situation in which Russia spent $51 billion on venues, and extra costs for the 2014 Sochi Olympics.
In another decision Wednesday, the IOC chose Athens to host its 2021 meeting from June 24-26. It will include a presidential election with Bach expected to get a final four-year term without opposition.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.presidential election 总统选举

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A presidential election was scheduled for last December.
总统选举原计划在去年12月举行1qZ9wbnPd~vP

2.extend into 持续至;发展到

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Low hills provide the backdrop as views seawards extend into infinite blue.
在山冈的映衬下,无边无际的蓝天向大海延伸%nm]ttPa+ApUw&_%CW&5

3.extra costs 额外花费

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Operations performed out of sequence can cause delays and extra costs.
不按顺序的操作可能导致时间延误和成本增加I9GQN.Ml8&4q@7N]|

4.the Olympic Games 奥运会

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The Olympic Games began with a parade of all the competing nations.
奥运会以所有参赛国列队进场开始;LtXyW28%BVpqYXUS~

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5."Once you make a decision on the host city, millions of people start to make plans based on that and hundreds of millions of dollars are committed to it."

hundreds of millions of 数亿的

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The floods made hundreds of millions of people lose their homes, relatives and friends.
洪水使成千上万的人失去了家园,亲戚和朋友y2k|_M4tG)lBdOQNLPf)
This event, lit by hundreds of millions of Chinese people and great patriotic fervor and sports enthusiasm!
这一盛举,彻底点燃了亿万中国人巨大的爱国热情和体育热情!

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6.The games may be hosted in several cities or countries at the same time.

at the same time 同时

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Are these people using gear and amphetamines at the same time?
这些人同时服用海洛因和安非他明吗?
It's impossible to get everybody together at the same time.
让所有人同时聚在一起是不可能的m-L5)RBM(Rj%1ozWo

参考译文

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奥委会承诺改革申办城市产生机制
国际奥委会承诺将改革奥运会主办城市的产生机制fk.(&,J]3IKre
本周,国际奥委会投票决定让意大利的米兰和科尔蒂纳承办2026年冬奥会@vb1efML6YmMF@Pb
周三,国际奥委会投票决定改革奥运会主办城市的产生机制^QCR+~HdzQ%_xwY*L。奥运会可能同时在多个城市或国家举办,主办城市可能会通过邀请的方式,或不经过竞争的方式产生Ob=LB9ZhW)]qb
国际奥会员希望避免举办奥运会时经常引发的负面报道yi]-wIb~NQ9U。奥运会结束后,当地人通常面临着更高的税收,以及闲置的昂贵体育场馆O3(Lc(4mL6YUnT]
总部位于瑞士洛桑的奥委会对近期欧洲和加拿大公投拒绝承办奥运会感到愤怒=ShrM!q5cbI5rUx。如今,国际奥委会希望各国和城市在申办奥运会前首先获得公民许可MD0W-kMrvlP^+

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奥委会承诺改革申办城市产生机制.jpeg
国际奥委会委员约翰·科茨表示:“我们不能继续像过去一样受到损害XBLX|3L[ZAg=NVi。”他介绍了这次改革措施,其中一些内容已经在2026年冬奥会申办时进行了验证=NZ8^M5(]6z=q
周一,意大利北部的米兰和科尔蒂纳在2026年冬奥会申办中击败了联合申办的瑞典斯德哥尔摩和拉脱维亚的奥勒S!;b|sNmdJE[;-,Z=。国际奥委会的研究表明,意大利北部的民众对奥运会表示强烈的支持LWb+0b7jBe*4oi
未来奥运会承办城市将被要求利用现有以及临时体育场馆JM[DLj8DPnDw。不建议斥巨资建设项目MUoY.#E32FVGgdvF
奥林匹克宪章要求举办方在夏季或冬季奥运会结束前7年进行投票BJA1ZgG^%%Ck08oklkUn。这项规则在2017年被忽略了,当时洛杉矶提前11年被选中举办2028年夏季奥运会gGAd#rAoCrE&NP1L&oj
实际上,申办城市的投票也可能取消O,]BmRVI[g
新流程将会为夏季奥运会和冬季奥运会分别创建奥林匹克专家组,选出一个或多个国家JoJj*w(-ReHf3L!#2Z5m。如果国家超过一个,将举行投票EPe|)cM&EW;EBmbM
国际奥委会主席巴赫希望尽量避免“过多落选者”#@5ie82(71B=,Q@gt
新的专家组将有权与申办城市进行持续讨论,甚至可能会要求一些城市考虑举办奥运会*yvC~EgL+5]#V,。该专家组将向负责挑选其成员的执委会报告J03ri4_pP7ao-+
科茨表示,这项流程将创建出一个可延伸到未来的潜在城市名单Twbd-~hBeG-8R@Z#v
里查德·庞德指出,国际奥委会表示,不会让这个流程变得繁琐,也不会在奥运会开始前很久就要求法律保障lO0DQyX0[NkR。庞德是国际奥委会中任期最久的委员=OiO;z(sbT-wh#HN@8
但他补充说:“一旦选出申办城市,数百万人将开始对此进行规划,数亿美元资金也会投入其中RVTTPebnOw。”
2013年9月,巴赫当选后国际奥委会开始了改革htmZD*sI2Qy。他们还注意到,俄罗斯在2014年索契冬奥会投入了510亿美元用于场馆建设以及额外开销t|ZQzxZs[mOgG
在周三的另一项决定中,国际奥委会选择雅典承办2021年6月24日到6月26日期间的会议e[u#0f==4d。这次会议将包括奥委会主席选举,巴赫有望在无对手的情况下获得最后一次的四年任期hF|x#s6W3TD
乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报OQG)*x)RwH&3Z8&70@

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • extendv. 扩充,延伸,伸展,扩展
  • gearn. 齿轮,传动装置,设备,工具 v. 使适应于,以齿轮
  • enthusiasmn. 热情,热心;热衷的事物
  • patrioticadj. 爱国的
  • sequencen. 顺序,连续,次序,序列,一系列 vt. 按顺序排好
  • beatv. 打败,战胜,打,敲打,跳动 n. 敲打,拍子,心跳
  • populationn. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数
  • electionn. 选举
  • avoidvt. 避免,逃避
  • decisionn. 决定,决策