VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):联合国密切关注各国童工问题
日期:2019-06-14 13:44

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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UN: 1 in 10 Children Globally Is Victim of Child Labor
Tens of millions of children are forced to work in countries around the world. The United Nations International Labor Organization called for an end to child labor Wednesday to mark World Day Against Child Labor. The Geneva, Switzerland-based ILO is holding its yearly International Labor Conference.
Children as young as five are among the 152 million victims of child labor. Many of them work long hours, for little or no money, in slave-like conditions. The International Labor Organization says half of them are involved in unhealthy and dangerous work.
The ILO says most children work in agriculture. They can also be found in the mining, building, fishing and domestic service industries.
Beate Andrees is Chief of the ILO's Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work Branch. She told VOA that when children are forced into the worst forms of labor, such as debt slavery and sex work, they suffer permanent physical and mental damage.
Andrees said some progress has been made in reducing child labor in Asia and Latin America, but reductions in Africa are decreasing. She said Africa now has the highest levels of child labor in the world.
"This is not necessarily linked to a lack of action," Andrees said, explaining that migration, poverty and other problems can lead to child labor.
Andrees said she was pleased to see the African Union taking decisive measures to end child labor. She noted the AU is developing a ten-year plan to decrease child labor as called for in the UN's Sustainable Development Goals.
The SDG has called for the end of child labor by 2025. However, at the current of reduction, Andrees warns the world will easily miss that goal.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.a lack of 缺乏

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A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.
不够谨慎可能会导致财政上出现问题NZokgF.j4TxDyIBaO-AY

2.child labor 童工

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It is widely acknowledged that child labor is immoral.
招收童工是不道德的,这得到了广泛的公认VxNwvJrs9HAN

3.mental damage 精神伤害

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Mental damage compensation is a hot issue of social concern.
精神损害赔偿是社会关注的一个热点问题IZ[Gjrym7|&ZAH+Y

4.lead to 导致

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A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.
不够谨慎可能会导致财政上出现问题HlQFf0I&bs%fp87q-P)^

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5.She told VOA that when children are forced into the worst forms of labor, such as debt slavery and sex work.

be forced into 被迫做某事

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He's been forced into slave labour at burger bars to earn a bit of cash.
为了挣点钱,他被迫到卖汉堡的小店里做苦工uNdoxtNbr2%Cd
Ray changed his mind, claiming that he had been forced into confessing.
雷翻了供,声称自己是被逼招供的|kVdCMln5]n*b

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6.The United Nations International Labor Organization called for an end to child labor Wednesday to mark World Day Against Child Labor.

call for an end to 呼吁停止

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The students call for an end to tuition increase.
学生们强烈要求停止增加学费MwDl~u)9GB,bL^3
Pelple call for an end to the war in this area.
人们要求结束这个地区的战争@gul3]%]Y^KhA

参考译文

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联合国密切关注各国童工问题
数千万名儿童被迫在世界各国工作着#sytU2BaUd7Ht。周三,联合国国际劳工组织呼吁停止雇佣童工,以纪念世界无童工日y788Kqap2lEv|。总部设在瑞士日内瓦的国际劳工组织正在举行年度国际劳工大会_[).vCqyW1
在1.52亿童工受害者中,有年仅5岁的幼童wxwLBslTPW%B2u。他们中的许多人在奴隶式的环境下长时间工作,报酬极少甚至没有报酬LWzLRe6k(6j4。国际劳工组织表示,其中一半童工从事不健康和危险性工作PNrFJ5_;Ho
国际劳工组织表示,大多数儿童从事农业工作eh]Z|55rUN。采矿、建筑、渔业和国内服务性行业也不乏他们的身影b6M#l~@2v~DfY#+.-@A

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联合国密切关注各国童工问题.jpg
贝特·安德烈斯(Beate Andrees)是劳工组织基本原则和工作权利部门的负责人v!F-q8P]%seb_,。她告诉美国之音,当儿童被迫从事最恶性的劳动时,如债务奴役和性工作,他们会遭受永久性的身体和精神损害RI;jP1t*9RlV
安德烈斯称,亚洲和拉丁美洲在减少童工方面取得了一些进展,但是非洲的童工数量不降反增(7qH&u6t8xoxtKPb*W。她说,非洲现在拥有的童工数量在全球居首=v[BmIa2Wa|2zm
安德烈斯解释称,“这不一定是缺乏打击行动所致,”移民、贫困和其他问题都可能导致童工SzD_t4!26(vz.*
安德烈斯指出,她很高兴看到非洲联盟采取果断措施结束童工现象0^!W|sB@_T。她指出,非盟正在按照联合国可持续发展目标的要求制定减少童工的十年计划]=)2(_vO7q~8
可持续发展目标呼吁到2025年结束童工现象Fqq-2mO-JO50。然而,安德烈斯警告说,按照目前的打击力度下,全球很难实现这一目标~+U8+Issi3Fg%r4OI
苏珊·尚德为您播报J4)QXBr1^=py(DyXuMkA

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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