VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):新加坡欲打造"第二硅谷"
日期:2019-06-06 11:31

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Singapore Is Seeking to Become a High-Tech Center
Armed with incentives, Singapore has been increasing its efforts to get technology businesses and investors interested in the country.
Companies and government officials say the goal of the campaign is to make Singapore into a high-tech center.
But now, the city-state is turning its attention to finding skilled workers, and even the government says its work is not done.
Attracting talent
U.S.-based investor Paul Bragiel said he had to be asked three or four times before he accepted an invitation from Singapore to come see its tech industry.
Bragiel made the nearly 13,000-kilometer trip from the United States in 2010. Back then, he said, the city-state's chances of becoming a leading Asian tech center were "bleak, to say the least."
But he saw some promise, and like many other investors and tech companies since then, he was attracted by generous terms from government agencies.
"They gave us a very aggressive deal. Very few countries would have matched it," added Bragiel. He also considered Hong Kong and Tokyo for an Asian expansion before helping to set up Golden Gate Ventures in Singapore in 2011. The Reuters news agency reported that he would not say what the terms of his deal were.
Golden Gate Ventures is a venture capital company. It connects investors with startup companies and other businesses.
Singapore, Southeast Asia and the tech industry
Singapore is one of the smallest nations in Southeast Asia.
Internet users in nearby Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines and Malaysia spend four hours or more every day on mobile internet. That information comes from a 2018 study by social media platform Hootsuite.
Manufacturing, finance and insurance businesses made up more than a third of Singapore's $356 billion economy last year.
The information-communications sector, which includes tech companies, represents about 4% of that total. But it is growing faster than any other sector, based on information released last week.
Information and communications grew at about 6.6% in the first three months of 2019. The next fastest of the nine sectors Singapore follows was finance and insurance at 3.2%.
Chng Kai Fong is managing director of Singapore's Economic Development Board, or EDB. The EDB is the government agency that negotiates some deals between local companies and foreign investors.
Fong said he is now hoping to attract "Jedi Masters", or high-level tech people, to Singapore. With the help of those "Jedi Masters," he hopes can finally turn Singapore into a major tech center.
Details on the deals negotiated with the EDB are hard to come by. The government makes businesses sign nondisclosure agreements, noted companies, advisors and officials.
Tax holidays, financial aid for research and development and co-funding for investments are among the incentives from different agencies, they added.
The secretive nature of the deals means it is unclear how much the country spends to attract such companies and whether it proves profitable.
Challenges and criticisms
Yet a number of issues remain. Some tech companies have expressed concern about Singapore's recently passed fake news law, which critics say could limit free speech. Alphabet's Google said it was worried the law would hurt innovation and the growth of the digital information ecosystem.
Also, Singapore only has a single local "unicorn" - a startup worth over $1 billion - in ride-hailing company Grab. That information comes from researchers at CBInsights.
Indonesia has four such "unicorns:" taxi app Go-Jek, travel website Traveloka, and market places Bukalapak and Tokopedia. Hong Kong has two, in online travel agency Klook and logistics business Lalamove.
At a time of tensions between the United States and China, Singapore seems to be on neutral ground while still enjoying free trade with both. Last year, the city-state added a free trade deal with the European Union.
Political issues also threaten to pull Hong Kong further under China's influence, which should help Singapore, noted one banker.
For Bragiel, any concerns he had about Singapore almost 10 years ago are long forgotten.
"Silicon Valley attracts the whole world; Singapore is catching up," he said.
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.technology businesses 科技企业

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Unlike liftmaking, most building-technology businesses are still highly fragmented.
和电梯制造业不同,大多数建筑技术行业仍是杂乱无章!N*DzW%4jjk

2.catching up 赶上

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You'd better drive faster, because the others are catching up quickly.
你最好快点开,别人很快就会赶上来IJh*NhKbUlf]

3.free trade 自由贸易

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I support your advocacy of free trade.
我支持你自由贸易的主张Fq3;+wZM7*OB(h|

4.trade deal 贸易协议

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They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.
他们一直在商谈一项双边贸易协定caNY+jI~n|G

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5.Yet a number of issues remain.

a number of 一些;若干

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We have lived here quite a number of years.
我们在这儿住了好些年了d-43)0.CqwdPyU)d(
The police rounded up a number of suspects.
警方围捕了一些嫌疑犯ekwKZlH@#(T;o

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6.At a time of tensions between the United States and China, Singapore seems to be on neutral ground while still enjoying free trade with both.

At a time of 在...时候

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Customers are drawing in their horns at a time of high interest rates.
消费者在高利率时期都在紧缩开支#@@_Sh7nPc9&.F9e9
The child enters the world at a time of promise and opportunity for our two nations.
王室宝宝降临人世,正值我们两国充满希望与机会的时刻YO+]-DHZhtg

参考译文

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新加坡欲打造“第二硅谷”
在激励措施的前提下,新加坡一直在加大力度,吸引科技企业和投资者z.nWHh^0d7b+,h
企业和政府官员表示,这项活动的目标是把新加坡打造成一个高科技中心VuSwFutOWOp
但现在,这个国家正将注意力转向寻找经验丰富的工人,甚至政府也表示,这项工作尚未完成!2#Oi5G0zp0fHm
吸引人才
美国投资者保罗·布拉吉尔(Paul Bragiel)表示,在受邀三四次后才决定接受新加坡的邀请,参观该国的高新技术产业N!)!+;&m-0
布拉吉尔于2010年从美国出发,行程近1.3万公里Qm+wgeraUI&xWh。他说,当时的新加坡成为亚洲领先科技中心的机会“至少可以说是渺茫的”%!FDM!cHHLIl)ks
但他看到了一些希望,像之后的许多其他投资者和科技公司一样,他被政府部门的优惠条款深深吸引]RLR289R9NI^-
布拉吉尔表示,“政府提供给我们一份非常激进的协议[bwuxoBOq&qU;*;p。很少有国家能做到这一点xFNduzG=Xdb66fN(F。”他还考虑过在香港和东京进行亚洲扩张,然后在2011年帮助在新加坡成立了金门创投公司dBItp67ok9。路透社(Reuters)报道称,他不愿透露协议条款!ZmjLYE#TE)t

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新加坡欲打造“第二硅谷”.jpg
金门创投是一家风险投资公司-BZ-&mACxa8。该公司将投资者与初创公司和其他企业联系起来cZzdv~k0t3O8r2=.LzaS
新加坡、东南亚和科技产业
新加坡是东南亚最小的国家之一.p5*QL-v!84|0[mmS
邻近的泰国、印尼、菲律宾和马来西亚的互联网用户每天在移动互联网上花费4小时或更长时间;De6VW48@[Mv&;(ENY_t。这些信息来自社交媒体平台Hootsuite 2018年的一项研究zT;M9tdQbz^A.t
去年,制造业、金融和保险业占新加坡3560亿美元经济总量的三分之一以上Vh#^K3YkGO0q!bA;O_1z
包括科技公司在内的信息通信行业约占其中的4%C3#=gNw&mOj6gx;4d。但据上周发布的信息显示,该行业的增长速度超过了其他行业SgsZ6-j,yZg*DVD0
2019年前三个月,信息和通信行业增长约6.6%EZORLmx+w7-。在新加坡的九大行业中,紧随其后的是金融和保险业,增幅为3.2%7,Ap5;RrNVUB@Whv;
Chng Kai Fong是新加坡经济发展局(EDB)的常务董事1cn6%^nAOQ;。该机构属于政府部门,负责协商本地公司与外国投资者之间的交易orSV@T[lP|B~a
他表示,现在希望吸引“绝地大师”,即高水平的技术人员入驻新加坡q_,U9#E^|FzvT@D^W。在这些“绝地大师”的帮助下,他希望新加坡最终能成为一个重要的高新技术中心tT,7R2d0u8qfn
目前很难获得与新加坡经济发展局谈判的协议细节Om|j)O!@#yQaU。知名公司、顾问和官员表示,政府要求企业签署保密协议VUhL)RtwAv1uFcfmGKK
他们补充称,不同机构的激励措施包括减税、研究资金支援和合作投资(cc7BA!gF0vNs
这些协议的保密性质意味着,目前尚不清楚新加坡为吸引这类公司投入的资金数额,也不清楚这些协议是否有利可图WUFHkC;Mf;H*
挑战和争议并存
然而,仍然存在一些问题&Qo~Lp%2mK4C。一些科技公司对新加坡最近通过的假新闻法表示担忧,批评人士称,该法有可能限制言论自由,V;W_l9e&&pPz。Alphabet的谷歌表示,它担心该法律会损害创新和数字信息生态系统的发展c&)dQi%gyP&_
此外,新加坡只有一家本土的“独角兽”公司——出租车公司Grab,一家市值超过10亿美元的初创公司%EId0|E^nnr-Qrxr~。这些信息由CBInsights的研究人员提供Y.|(s,qRWy8*xC&
印尼有四家这样的“独角兽”公司:出租车应用Go-Jek、旅游网站Traveloka,以及Bukalapak和Tokopedia市场Z!ghwE|!@y。香港地区有两家,分别是在线旅行社Klook和物流公司Lalamovevqkn0jBqY|^Jd7oMU
在中国和美国关系紧张之际,新加坡似乎保持着中立,同时仍然享受着与两国的自由贸易;1Kg[5zNR_8~z.m。去年,新加坡加入了与欧盟的《自由贸易协定》e0!T=.Q^|(Zql#O^&JKk
一位银行家指出,政治问题也可能使香港地区进一步受到中国大陆的影响,这应该有利于新加坡ihMc(rcDig4uYp#G1
对于布拉吉尔来说,十年前对于新加坡的担忧早已抛诸脑后4mViiayZ7]gb2cp4
他表示,“硅谷吸引着全球目光;而新加坡后者居上”154SZ9lAkc;
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报]DN2[0^wAee

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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