UN Report: Many North Koreans Paying Bribes Just to Survive
A United Nations report says many North Koreans are forced to pay bribes to receive food and other necessities of life.
The U.N. Human Rights office published the report this week. It was based on discussions with more than 200 North Korean "escapees" who fled their homeland.
The report said North Korea's economy has long been failing and that the government is unable to provide its citizens with "life's basic necessities."
Michelle Bachelet is the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights. In a statement, she said the U.N. believes people in all countries of the world should be given "rights to food, health, shelter, work and freedom of movement."
In North Korea, however, such rights "depend primarily on the ability of individuals to bribe state officials," Bachelet said.
"Since the economic collapse of the 1990s, (North Koreans) have been unable to survive through a state-led model of centralized economic planning and distribution," the U.N. said in a statement.
This situation has forced North Koreans to seek out activities outside the country's official economic system to survive, the report said. It added that seeking out such activities to get food and other necessities has become an important part of survival.
However, citizens who take part in this kind of economic activity risk being arrested and detained, the report noted.
U.N. officials estimated earlier this month that about 10 million North Koreans are experiencing severe food shortages and lack safe drinking water. The 2018 Global Hunger Index called North Korea's hunger situation "serious" and "bordering on alarming."
Experts say further cuts to already low government food rations are expected, following the worst harvest in 10 years.
North Korean officials rejected the U.N. report. The country's U.N. office in Switzerland said in a statement, "Such reports are nothing more than fabrication."
North Korea has blamed its economic problems and humanitarian situation on economic restrictions the U.N. has placed on the country. The restrictions were put in place to punish North Korea for its nuclear and missile development programs. The new U.N. report accuses the North Korean government of increasing military funding while carrying out "economic mismanagement" in other areas.
Michelle Bachelet said she is concerned that the North Korean nuclear issue is continuing to limit the attention on "the terrible state of human rights for many millions of North Koreans."
I'm Bryan Lynn.
1.seek out 找出
They will seek out any who have had contact with you.
2.human rights 人权
He made only a veiled reference to international concerns over human rights issues.
3.carrying out 实施
The commanders accused him of carrying out a reign of terror.
4.military funding 军费
Lawmakers have had the president's request for additional military funding for 16 months.
5.A United Nations report says many North Koreans are forced to pay bribes to receive food and other necessities of life.
pay bribes 行贿
He says too many companies think they have to pay bribes.
Market traders will pay bribes to be left alone.
6.The restrictions were put in place to punish North Korea for its nuclear and missile development programs.
put in place 到位；落实
They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.
We have worked hard to put in place governance reforms, but this has not been enough.
联合国人权办公室本周公布了这份报告 。该报告是基于200多位逃离家乡的朝鲜人士口述 。
米歇尔·巴切莱特（Michelle Bachelet）是联合国人权事务高级专员 。她在一份声明中称，联合国认为，世界各国人民都应享有“食物、健康、住所、工作和行动自由的权利” 。
报道称，这种情况迫使朝鲜人寻找官方经济体制之外的交易活动来生存 。报告中补充称，寻找这样的经济活动以获得食物和其他必需品已经成为生存的重要组成部分 。
本月早些时候，联合国官员估计，约有1000万朝鲜人正面临着严重的食品和安全饮用水短缺 。2018年全球饥饿指数称，朝鲜的饥饿状况处于“严重”阶段，“接近警戒水平” 。
朝鲜官员拒绝接受联合国的这份报告 。朝鲜驻瑞士的联合国办事处在一份声明中称：“这样的报道纯属捏造 。”
朝鲜将其经济问题和人道主义局势归咎于联合国对该国实施的经济限制 。这些制裁措施是为了惩罚朝鲜的核计划以及导弹研制计划 。联合国的这份新报告指责，朝鲜政府在增加军事经费的同时，却在其他领域“经济管理不善” 。