VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):冰岛景区人满为患被迫关闭
日期:2019-05-29 17:55

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Is Iceland Too Popular for Its Own Good?
A large sign warns people that Iceland's Fjadrárgljúfur canyon is closed to visitors.
Yet many people keep driving down the narrow road to the canyon. A ranger at a roadblock must explain to them why no one can pass: The area cannot support more visitors.
Drivers try to persuade ranger Hanna Jóhannsdóttir into opening the entrance to the canyon. Some offer her money if she agrees to help. They should know that such a bribe will not work.
"Food from people's home country is the most common bribery," said Jóhannsdóttir. She recently turned down a free trip to Dubai in exchange for letting trespassers past the roadblock.
Too many visitors, not enough infrastructure
The problem is that the North Atlantic island nation may be too popular for its own good.
Last year, 2.3 million people visited Iceland, compared with just 600,000 eight years ago. The number of visitors is out of proportion to the infrastructure needed to protect its countryside.
Inga Palsdottir is the head of the national tourism agency Visit Iceland. She said a single film shot or video has often put overlooked places on the map.
The extreme example in Iceland, she said, is the wreckage of a United States Navy airplane. The plane crashed on a black sandy beach in 1973. The seven Americans on the Douglas DC-3 aircraft all survived but the plane wreck was never removed.
"Then someone decided to dance on it and now it's one of the most popular places in the country," said Palsdottir.
Fjadrárgljúfur canyon could be seen in the most recent season of the television program "Game of Thrones." It also was part of a Justin Bieber music video.
The video has been watched over 440 million times on YouTube since 2015. The singer can be seen walking on plant life and bathing in the cold river underneath the canyon's walls.
Environment Minister Gudmundur Ingi Gudbrandsson said it is "a bit too simplistic to blame the entire situation on Justin Bieber." However, he urged famous visitors to consider the effects of their actions.
"Rash behavior by one famous person can dramatically impact an entire area if the mass follows," he told The Associated Press.
Gudbrandsson added, "In Justin Bieber's defense, the canyon did not, at the time he visited, have rope fences and designated paths..."
Over 1 million people have visited the area since the Bieber video was released, the Environment Agency of Iceland estimates. The visitors left deep scars on the country's vegetation. The canyon was closed for all but five weeks this year.
Tourists ignore signs
On a foggy morning, Hanna Jóhannsdóttir found footprints on the muddy path leading to the Fjadrárgljúfur canyon. The footprints suggested that someone had jumped the fence overnight.
She predicted that more people would trespass later that day when she left to give a presentation at a community center.
Less than 30 minutes after she left, people began ignoring the fences and signs.
"We came because of Justin Timberlake," said Mikhail Samarin, a tourist from Russia traveling with two other people. They were quick to correct the artist's last name to Bieber.
The three took turns posing for photographs, standing at the edge of an Icelandic cliff.
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.free trip 免费旅行

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They want to give me a free trip to Hongkong.
他们想提供我一个免费香港旅行digCEsqdRNMM&wts

2.home country 祖国

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After many years of exile thousands of families will now be able to return to their home country.
多年流亡之后,数千个家庭现在已经能够返回祖国了TW4m.~LVsY,jc!a]g

3.put on the map 使...闻名

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The pleasant climate has put Kunming on the map as a tourist destination in Mainland China.
宜人的气候使昆明崭露头角而成为中国大陆的旅游胜地Mn2CA4NN]C)JOcZ;&

4.give a presentation 发表演讲

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I have been invited to give a presentation at a conference.
有人邀请我在一个会议上发言q+]~+hvkORD%)

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5.The three took turns posing for photographs, standing at the edge of an Icelandic cliff.

take turns 轮流

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The doctors take turns at participating in the mobile medical team.
医生们轮流参加巡回医疗队^34^oamocqG^;Kt
The two brothers take turns looking after their father.
兄弟俩轮转着照顾父亲Nkhn+YRJlCwZIB^5

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6.The three took turns posing for photographs, standing at the edge of an Icelandic cliff.

at the edge of 在...的边缘

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He came to a halt at the edge of a steep incline.
他在一个陡坡边上停住了(s(JQVSR!wgC4tmC69!
All of us stood for a long time at the edge of the village waving good-bye to him.
我们大家把他送到村口,久久不肯回去AtB^OL9DIcq

参考译文

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冰岛景区人满为患被迫关闭
一块大型告示牌警告人们,冰岛的羽毛河峡谷已不再接待游客G[|sBE7A]NUx
然而,仍然有人驾车行驶在前往峡谷的狭窄公路上0cotDio^C216mP!-GPa。路障处的护林人必须向他们解释为什么不允许通行的原因:该地无法接纳更多游客了Rv7N%swukcyHJY
司机试图说服护林人Hanna Jóhannsdóttir开放峡谷入口t&tB,(ZJ)OecS7TUTT。如果她能通融将得到一笔小费AmrU0NFwtL9,q。他们应该知道此法是行不通的W^|f.J.W~DP+IPY,.]x^
Jóhannsdóttir表示:“最常见的贿赂方式外国游客强塞本国的特产W3LI0w%Yhg~T。”她最近拒绝了一位以一次免费迪拜之旅换取通行的游客v)*YN--fH3c
人满为患,基础设施薄弱

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冰岛景区人满为患被迫关闭.jpg
问题在于,这一北大西洋岛国可能因太受欢迎而危害自身[ZU7hYtAp.
去年,有230万人到冰岛旅游,而8年前这里只有60万游客],0=fx=q(PO-4EJt。游客数量与保护该地所需的基础设施不成比例yDS#G2[@wU[o=d[l&L!
Inga Palsdottir是冰岛国家旅游局局长Xxoi[dnMFi。她说,一部简单的电影镜头或视频经常能把一些冷门的地方带火|e=vq*DX^~DQ9
她说,其中一个极端的例子是一架美国海军飞机的残骸9WP;z@tYRjKLvD_nn。1973年,飞机在黑沙滩上坠毁*|ibt^Fv+x。道格拉斯DC-3飞机上的7名美国人全部幸存,但飞机残骸从未被清理,04BuoT568
Palsdottir说:“后来有人决定在上面跳舞,现在它成为冰岛最受欢迎的地方之一[(2BsO|lU[#dln5g87。”
羽毛河峡谷在最近一季的《权力的游戏》中也出镜了WQ~|uFhGG,kN4=)UI。这里还是贾斯汀·比伯某部MV的取景地q6Q6j1HgX1D-
自2015年以来,该MV在YouTube上的点击量超过4.4亿次VqyvVYjOwr。视频中可以看到这位歌手漫步在植物中,在峡谷壁下的冰冷河流中沐浴ETwq3J9B@.xXBH3p[f1r
该国的环境部长Gudmundur Ingi Gudbrandsson表示,“把全部责任归咎于贾斯汀·比伯似乎有些牵强rf)@#4j|1nYDEIf。” 然而,他敦促明星要考虑其行为带来的影响FZDT_rM,v|1
“如果名人的粗鲁行径引得众人纷纷效仿,那么将会对整个地区产生巨大的影响,”他告诉美联社.&n[,FLy9+%Vl~yzR
Gudbrandsson补充道,“贾斯汀·比伯辩称,当时他前往峡谷取景时,还没有绳索围栏和指定路径r,qq1jt,mjB*]Sg(zw(#。”
据冰岛环境署统计,自比伯的MV发布以来,已有100多万人参观了该景区n]&*o4Bb9c-jz。游客给该国的植被留下了深深的伤疤|*isR2YJIX#1X5Ab&|。今年该景区仅对游客开放五周*.;k7ti!uD2us81-iDZ
游客无视告示牌
在一个雾蒙蒙的早晨,Hanna Jóhannsdóttir在通往羽毛河峡谷的泥泞小道上发现了脚印vcvQ4(az[TMr4xv75Xck。脚印说明有人在夜间翻越了围栏ABWRyOe@t2D
她预计,当天晚些时候,当她去社区中心做演讲时,会有更多的人非法闯入8+noCj@6Szd;(2sH
在她离开不到30分钟后,人们开始无视栅栏和告示牌J]Ux.v9+,pj
“我们来这里是因为贾斯汀·汀布莱克,”与另外两人一起前来的俄罗斯游客米哈伊尔·萨马林说道7*R3KrgLR|Iz)FG_wS.m。很快,他们纠正歌手其实是比伯KN!Wt1(JhcY@
三人轮番站在冰岛悬崖边上摆姿势拍照3+U-L-oz0[y2._ZP%
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报0U+VtRO#=pJ-TP

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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