US Cities Not Growing Like They Used To
Big cities in the United States are not growing like they used to.
Most of the largest cities grew last year by a much smaller amount than they did 10 years ago, estimates the U.S. Census Bureau.
William Frey is a senior fellow with the Metropolitan Policy Program at The Brookings Institution. The program was set up to provide research to officials in cities across the country.
Frey says the growth of cities 10 years ago resulted from the Great Recession of 2008 and 2009. Because of the weak U.S. economy, he said, many Americans chose to live in big cities.
The effects of the recession "stranded a lot of millennials in cities," he added. By staying there, these young people delayed home-buying in nearby suburban communities.
The newly-released Census information looks at changes in cities and towns between the middle of 2017 and mid-2018. The data does not show changes in areas made up of two or more cities, towns, suburbs or counties.
Last month, when the Census Bureau released data about U.S. counties, New York City's planners disputed the agency's methodology. They said the Bureau may have miscounted the number of immigrants arriving in the country.
In the latest Census data, Phoenix and San Antonio are two cities that seem to be growing. The populations of cities such as Los Angeles, Houston and Dallas, grew, but not as much as they did in the past.
San Jose, California lost more than 2,000 residents last year, according to Census Bureau estimates.
"There is a growing moving away from cities," Frey said. He added that things were different 10 years ago. "Cities were growing faster than suburbs. That is starting to turn around."
I'm John Russell.
1.resulted from 起因于
The problem simply resulted from a difference of opinion.
2.as much as 差不多
She is a TV addict and watches as much as she can.
3.looks at 考虑；着眼于
He looks at work in a different way now he's in charge.
4.set up 建立
I set up a ginger group on the environment.
5."There is a growing moving away from cities," Frey said.
moving away from 离开
Will you think about moving away from the area?
British courts are increasingly moving away from sending young offenders to prison.
6."Cities were growing faster than suburbs. That is starting to turn around."
turn around 转身；转向
It's nothing I can't turn around.
You can't turn around here. I think you should let me drive.
威廉·弗雷（William Frey）是布鲁金斯学会都市政策项目的高级研究员 。该项目旨在为全国各城市的官员提供研究 。
弗雷说，10年前城市人口的增长是2008年和2009年的大衰退所致 。他说，由于美国经济疲软，许多美国人选择住在大城市 。
他补充说，经济衰退的影响“导致很多千禧一代滞留在城市” 。在大城市打拼导致这些年轻人推迟了在附近郊区购房的计划 。
最新发布的人口普查信息着眼于2017年年中至2018年年中城镇人口的变化 。数据没有反映由两个或两个以上城市、城镇、郊区或县组成的地区的变化 。
上个月，当美国人口普查局公布美国各县的数据时，纽约市的规划者对该机构的方法提出了异议 。他们指出，人口普查局在统计到达美国的移民人数方面可能有误 。
在最新的人口普查数据中，凤凰城和圣安东尼奥两个城市的人口似乎正在增长 。洛杉矶、休斯顿和达拉斯等城市的人口虽然有所增长，但增幅不如以往 。
“越来越多的居民搬离城市，”弗雷说 。他补充说，与10年前的情况有所不同 。“那时城市的发展速度快于郊区 。现在的形势开始逆转了 。”