VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):华盛顿州支持"堆肥殡葬"
日期:2019-05-24 17:55

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US State Tries New Way to Deal With Human Remains
The top official in the American state of Washington has approved a new way of dealing with human remains. The law permits approved businesses to compost them – in other words, to turn bodies into dirt.
Until now, states have permitted bodies only to be buried or burned.
Governor Jay Inslee says the law came about because of his neighbor.
Her name is Katrina Spade. While she was a graduate student in architecture, Spade began researching the funeral industry. She did not like its usual ways of burying or burning bodies. She wondered if Americans could deal with human remains similar to the way farmers deal with animal remains.
In time, Spade found that human bodies would decompose quickly in a container filled with small pieces of wood, alfalfa and straw.
Last year, Washington State University tested the idea on six bodies.
And it worked.
Spade now has a business that lets people choose to compost their bodies. The idea is for bodies to stay for 30 days in closed containers. During that time, they will turn into enough dirt to fill a small pickup truck. Friends and family may then take the dirt and spread it in a place that is special to them, or use it to plant vegetables or a tree.
"It gives meaning and use to what happens to our bodies after death," said Nora Menkin. She is the head of the People's Memorial Association, which helps people plan for funerals.
Other supporters say that composting is easy on the environment, especially compared to usual American funerals. Such practices involve chemicals, carbon dioxide or coffins that use land.
The law permitting composting will take effect in May 2020.
Jamie Pederson is a state lawmaker who sponsored the measure. He says he has received angry emails from people who object to the idea. They say it does not honor the dead.
Pederson said those people often believe their dead loved one would be thrown outside and covered in old food. But that idea is not right, he said; the process will be respectful.
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.take effect 生效

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The traffic laws don't take effect until the end of the year.
交通法要到年底才生效y6rqwA&Oy|

2.filled with 充满

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Maria's eyes filled with tears.
玛丽亚的眼中噙满了泪水Li7,Y6_teE3(^,!(+

3.turn into 变成;转化

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We think he'll turn into a top-class player.
我们认为他会成为一流的选手B=Dd^qgEg^N

4.human remains 人类遗体

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Police have found what appear to be human remains.
警方已经发现了看起来像人类遗体的东西Z_6_i)waPS

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5.The law permits approved businesses to compost them – in other words, to turn bodies into dirt.

in other words 换句话说

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In other words, the system broke.
换句话说,系统瘫痪了DgzRk7fj2f#bJG
In other words, he came out of the closet.
换言之,他出柜了8#GM5,N4S]V2PyT)v

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6.The top official in the American state of Washington has approved a new way of dealing with human remains.

dealing with 处理

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We know we're dealing with someone with a different frame of reference.
我们知道和我们打交道的人持有不同的观念IF+HD+o(sgN
The trial could set an important precedent for dealing with large numbers of similar cases.
这次审判能为处理大量类似案例开创重要的先例[Q-#h(4h@Dw

参考译文

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华盛顿州开先河 拟将遗体化堆肥
美国华盛顿州最高官员批准了一种处理人类遗体的新法案HIoSd[GEJ)CE。该法案允许获批企业将其制作成堆肥——换句话说,将遗体转化为堆肥!dV0)1!w&T*
截至目前,各州只允许埋葬或火化遗体Efavnu14Z~,;oo
华盛顿州州长杰伊·英斯利表示,这项法律的出台是因为他的邻居1CUl6a|D|S|&s
她就是卡特里娜·斯佩德(Katrina Spade)okIHQIicW,&8=_~vim。斯佩德在读建筑学研究生时,就开始研究殡葬业zEq-3^4OPS3#x*emd8S=。她不喜欢传统的土葬或火葬形式K.#cmt12&0Q2qL。她很好奇美国人是否能像农民处理动物遗体那样对待人类遗体c_09+%FKMsYLY
随着时间的推移,斯佩德发现,在一个装满细碎木屑、紫花苜蓿和稻草的容器内,人体会迅速分解8=e0X7VYU_@Vq!Qeuz
去年,华盛顿州立大学在六具遗体上验证了这一猜想ysX]P%nT_+VZs(z5M#b

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华盛顿州开先河 拟将遗体化堆肥.jpg
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斯佩德如今创办了一家公司,能够让人们将自己的遗体化作堆肥uVPPe)duuwiVU8ItIgN。遗体将被放入封闭容器内保存30天0GB%eYVA31+7,vRU^。在这期间,遗体会分解成足够装满一辆小型皮卡的泥土2EFfp*ZjDxQl=t|wFan。然后,朋友和亲属可能会把泥土放置在一个特别的地方,或者利用它来种植蔬菜或树木2bWNFd85d#W&izv7bLN
诺拉·门金表示:“这种葬法为我们的遗体赋予了意义和用途Z~bk0XAM@nfH[RJ。”她是人民纪念协会的会长,该协会帮助人们策划葬礼3pAZtOk~T*pv69%r=@
其他支持者表示,堆肥有利于缓解环境压力,尤其与美国传统的殡葬形式相比1*#On-S9vRd。传统葬法涉及化学品、二氧化碳(火葬)或占用土地的土葬等Vv8LaEQ6.Z#v4
这项允许将遗体化作堆肥的法律将于2020年5月生效KjHjkS3[LZ*0,1V
州议员杰米·佩德森(Jamie Pederson)支持这项措施~[M.D@H&q9;wXETW.。他说,他收到了反对者言辞激烈的电子邮件_qsoD3=z%2。他们表示,这种葬法不尊重死者TyCAP]#)d+T2Mm
佩德森说,这些人认为,他们故去的亲人会暴尸荒野,被残渣剩饭淹没EnLnrIDxSK。但是这种观念是不对的,他说;这个过程也会敬畏亡者8WH&[IRcw96
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • involvevt. 包含,使陷入,使忙于,使卷入,牵涉
  • framen. 框,结构,骨架 v. 构成,把 ... 框起来,陷
  • referencen. 参考,出处,参照 n. 推荐人,推荐函 vt. 提
  • associationn. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想
  • trialadj. 尝试性的; 审讯的 n. 尝试,努力,试验,试
  • environmentn. 环境,外界
  • containern. 容器,集装箱
  • permittedadj. 被允许的 v. 允许(permit的过去分词)
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • precedentadj. 先前的 n. 先例,惯例