Explainer: Can Anyone Force British Prime Minister May to Resign?
British Prime Minister Theresa May is facing widespread pressure to give up power, but can her lawmakers force her from office?
May has already promised she will resign and let someone else negotiate Britain's future relationship with the European Union (EU). She has agreed to set out details for the end of her leadership. But she first wants another vote in parliament on her plan for separating from the EU. That vote would be held in early June.
Some lawmakers have strongly criticized May for attempting to relaunch her EU exit deal, an effort known as Brexit. They are unhappy with measures aimed at winning over opponents and members of her own Conservative Party.
Some Conservative lawmakers now say May should resign immediately. Can her party force her out before she wants to go?
Formal leadership challenge
Conservative Members of parliament cannot use the party's normal process for removing the prime minister until December 2019. In December 2018, lawmakers tried and failed to remove May, and the rules say they must wait 12 months to try again.
It is possible for the committee that represents Conservative lawmakers to change the rules of the process, but they have so far chosen not to do so.
Vote of confidence
Parliament can vote on whether it is supportive of May's government. If a majority of lawmakers decide they do not, she could be forced to resign.
After losing a vote of confidence, there are 14 days in which she could try to hold onto power by winning another confidence vote. During this time, the opposition Labour Party can also try to form its own government.
A general election is called if no government with majority support in parliament can be formed after 14 days.
In January, the government survived a vote of confidence called by Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn. But there are no rules preventing Labour from calling another vote at any time.
To succeed, a handful of Conservative lawmakers or members of the small allied Democratic Unionist Party would need to either abstain or vote with the opposition to oust the government.
Some pro-Brexit lawmakers have suggested they might be ready to take this step. But it is unclear if this would happen in the event of a vote being called.
Losing a vote of confidence would not automatically force May to resign as head of the Conservatives, but politically it is unlikely she would be able to continue.
Without an official method to remove May that does not risk a general election, Conservatives are looking at other ways to put pressure on her.
May once said that Brexit would not be delayed beyond June 30. Yet she recently agreed with EU officials that Britain could remain a member until the end of October.
These words have been used to make the case that she should resign. So have recent heavy losses by Conservative candidates in recent local elections. Political observers say the Conservatives are likely to suffer more losses in European parliamentary elections this week.
I'm Susan Shand.
1.a majority of 大多数的
Members of parliament approved the move by a majority of ninety-nine.
2.set out 出发；开始
We set out to find the truth behind the mystery.
3.local elections 地方选举
There has been a busy start to polling in today's local elections.
4.general election 大选；普选
The call for a boycott could be enough to seal the fate of next week's general election.
5.British Prime Minister Theresa May is facing widespread pressure to give up power, but can her lawmakers force her from office?
give up power 放弃权力
The political barriers are too high-politicians don't like to give up power.
The reactionary classes never give up power voluntarily.
6.Without an official method to remove May that does not risk a general election, Conservatives are looking at other ways to put pressure on her.
put pressure on 向...施加压力
He may have put pressure on her to agree.
They put pressure on the Government to change its intransigent stance.
首相承诺将辞职并推举其他人继续就英国未来与欧盟的关系进行谈判 。她已同意为其任期的结束制定细节 。但她希望议会首先就其脱欧计划再次进行投票 。投票将于6月初举行 。
一些议员强烈批评首相试图重启脱欧协议一事 。他们对旨在获得对手和梅所在保守党成员支持的措施感到不满 。
保守党议员在2019年12月之前不能利用该党的正常程序罢免首相 。2018年12月，议员们试图罢免首相，但没有成功，按照规定他们必须在12个月后才能再次尝试 。
Vote of confidence
议会可以投票决定是否支持梅领导的政府 。如果大多数议员投反对票，那么她可能会被迫辞职 。
在失去信任投票后，梅有14天的时间可以通过赢得另一场信任投票来保住权力 。在此期间，反对党工党也可以组建自己的政府 。
今年1月，梅政府在工党领袖杰里米·科尔宾（Jeremy Corbyn）发起的信任投票中胜出 。但是没有规定禁止工党在任何时候再发起一次投票 。
一些支持英国脱欧的议员表示，他们可能已经准备好走这一步 。但目前尚不清楚，如果举行投票，这种情况是否会出现 。
梅首相曾表示，英国脱欧延期不会晚于6月30日 。然而，她近期与欧盟官员达成协议，英国在10月底之前可以留在欧盟 。
这些话落人口舌，借此要求她下台 。在最近的地方选举中，保守党候选人遭受重创 。政治观察家说，保守党在本周的欧洲议会选举中可能会遭受更多的损失 。