Americans Believe Texting while Driving Is Dangerous, Yet Still Do It
Many people cannot live without modern technology products, especially their mobile phones. They use the devices to stay in contact with family and friends. The most common method of communication is by sending written text messages, a custom known as texting.
A new study suggests that more than half of U.S. parents believe texting while driving a car or other vehicle is unsafe. Yet most of those questioned said they do it anyway.
The finding was reported earlier this month in the scientific publication JAMA Pediatrics.
Researchers questioned 435 parents from across the United States. These men and women lived in 45 of the 50 states.
Regan Bergmark led the survey. Bergmark is a medical doctor with Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts. She told the Reuters news agency that many people believe texting while driving is unsafe but have also likely done it. She said that this then creates a false sense of security. It strengthens their beliefs that they personally are in no danger.
In fact, the survey found that 52 percent of millennial parents said they thought it was "never" safe to text and drive. The same goes for 58 percent of older parents. But almost two-thirds of parents reported reading texts while driving, and more than half of them have also written texts, the researchers found.
For the survey, millennials were defined as individuals being from 22 to 37 years of age. The millennial generation includes many digital natives, meaning they grew up with smartphones and other mobile devices. The survey also found millennial parents were more likely to have many other dangerous habits while driving than older parents. They were more likely to use email while driving and drive faster than the speed limit.
"The problem with smartphones is that they have become an unavoidable part of daily life for most people," Bergmark said.
"Many people are expected to be reachable by phone or email immediately, to be reachable for their children or work," she added. "Being a responsible adult therefore often means always being reachable - yet we also know that while driving, being reachable carries with it the risk of a crash."
Almost 16 percent of millennial parents and 10 percent of older parents in the survey said they had been in at least one crash over the past year.
Compared to people who did not experience a crash, those who did were much more likely to have a number of unsafe driving habits. These include driving over the speed limit, texting, emailing, and doing other things on their phones, the survey found.
About three in four parents said they did not remember their child's doctor speaking to them about distracted driving or the dangers of texting while driving.
Only about one in four millennials and about one in six older parents had used computer application software or smartphone programs aimed at reducing distracted driving.
The study was not a controlled experiment designed to prove whether or how texting or other activities might cause crashes. It was also not designed to prove if any given interventions might help reduce this risk.
"In general, it is never safe to use a smartphone while driving," said Despina Stavrinos. She is the director of the Translational Research for Injury Prevention Laboratory at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. She was not involved in the study.
"There are a number of apps that can help to limit distracted driving, by disabling cell phone features when the vehicle is in motion," Stavrinos said. "The simplest thing to do is to put the phone out of sight and out of reach to reduce the temptation to drive distracted."
"However, they are not the only dangerous source of distraction," she added.
I'm Dorothy Gundy.
1.speed limit 限速
You've got to keep to the speed limit.
2.daily life 日常生活
I think the computer plays a very important role in our daily life.
3.In general 一般来说
She had a confused idea of life in general.
4.out of sight 看不见
He got round the corner out of sight.
5.They use the devices to stay in contact with family and friends.
stay in contact with 与...保持联系
I'd be happy to stay in contact with you.
We often stay in contact with each other by telephone.
6.The simplest thing to do is to put the phone out of sight and out of reach to reduce the temptation to drive distracted.
out of reach 够不到；联系不上
You have to set goals that are almost out of reach.
We'd telephone to mary, but she's out of reach.
很多人离不开现代科技产品，手机更是不离手 。他们使用这些设备与亲友保持联系，最常见的联络方式就是发短信 。
一项新研究表明，美国超半数的父母认为在驾驶时发短信不安全 。然而，大多数受访者表示他们还是会那样做 。
研究人员对美国各地的435名父母进行了调查 。这些人生活在美国50个州中的45个州 。
里根·伯格马克（Regan Bergmark）主导了这项研究 。伯格马克是马萨诸塞州波士顿市布莱根妇女医院以及哈佛医学院的医学博士 。她告诉路透社，很多人认为开车时发短信不安全，但很有可能会这样做 。她说这会造成一种虚假的安全感，这会强化他们意识，认为个人没有危险 。
其实，这项调查发现，52%的千禧父母称他们认为边开车边发短信不安全，58%的更年长的父母也认为如此 。但研究人员发现，近三分之二的父母在开车时看短信，其中超半数的父母甚至会发短信 。
在这项调查中，千禧一代被定义为年龄在22岁到37岁的个体 。千禧一代包括很多数字原生代，意味着他们是伴随着智能手机和其它移动设备长大的 。调查还发现，和更年长的父母相比，千禧一代的父母更容易出现很多危险的驾驶习惯，他们更有可能在开车时使用电子邮件，并且会超速 。
她还说：“很多人都希望通过手机或电子邮件随时与孩子或公司取得联系 。因此，一位负责任的成年人，通常意味着始终能保持联络，但是我们也知道，开车时保持联络畅通也伴随着车祸的风险 。”
德斯皮娜·斯塔夫里诺斯（Despina Stavrinos）表示：“总的来说，开车时使用智能手机肯定不安全 。”她是阿拉巴马大学伯明翰分校伤害预防转化研究实验室主任 。她没有参与这项研究 。
斯塔夫里诺斯表示：“有很多应用程序可以在车辆行驶禁用手机功能，来帮助限制分心驾驶 。最简单的措施就是把手机放在视线以外，够不到的话能减少驾驶分心的诱惑 。”