When the US first imposed tariffs on Chinese goods, Beijing predicted the strategy would backfire. In China’s manufacturing heartland Guangdong, entrepreneurs and workers are feeling the pinch as the talks drag on. At a recent industrial Expo, several spoke with VOA about the impact. Our target market is in mainland China, mainly those machine tool factories. Now they have been affected, so naturally we will be affected too. For now, I hope the economy will be more stable and better, of course right? What worries us is that the trade war really begins on a full scale and imposes a huge impact on us that worries everyone, right? None of us would want that.
It’s exactly that we don’t have much to produce. We don’t have orders. We don’t hire anyone. We have too many people here. They are trying to lay off some because they can’t make ends meet anymore. Having to pay so many people, there are no orders so we all re just sitting around. This is not targeted at exporters in just one particular industry. Everyone is facing the problem. Chinese business have already diversified in recent years: Building factories abroad to save labor costs and finding new suppliers. Some business owners here are looking to the government to help them better compete.
The tariffs the US imposed on us have really been a big blow on Chinese businesses. We’re waiting to see if our government can come up policies that give us some support. Government aids will be good, too. I can’t really comment much on this, but I think in terms of the development of our economy, first of all, China has its own market, and second, the outside world has also been more and more transparent for us. On the whole, things are heading toward a better future, so I think our businesses should adapt to the environment instead of trying to change the environment. We can’t change the environment.
When the US first imposed tariffs on Chinese goods, Beijing predicted the strategy would backfire.
impose sth on sb 对某人施加/强加……
The war was imposed on them by the imperialists.
backfire vi. 适得其反
The company’s new policy backfired when a number of employees threatened to quit.
美国第一次对中国商品施加关税时，中国政府就曾预测该关税策略会适得其反。在中国的制造业中心广东，许多企业家和工人都感受到了贸易战会谈拖延所产生的阵痛 。在最近举行的一次工业博览会上，几位企业家和工人在接受我台采访时谈到了贸易战拖延的影响 。我们的目标市场在中国大陆，主要是机床工厂 。现在，这些都受到了影响，所以我们自然也会受到波及 。目前，我希望经济能更平稳，走势更强劲，当然，谁不这样希望呢？我们担心的是贸易战全面开启，对我们产生重大影响，这是所有人都担心的问题，大家都知道 。大家都不希望有这一天 。
现在的情况是：我们不需要生产什么产品，因为我们没有订单，自然也就不需要雇佣新的员工，现在的员工已经够多了。他们尝试开除一些人，因为企业入不敷出了 。必须要养活这么多员工，但却没有什么订单，只能干坐着 。这不是针对某个行业的出口方，所有行业都面临同样的问题 。近年来，中国企业百花齐放：在国外建造工厂以节省人工成本，并寻找新的供应商 。中国的一些企业家正在寻求政府帮助来增强竞争力 。
美国施加的关税对于中国的许多企业来说是当头一棒。我们想等等，看政府是否能制定一些支持性政策 。政府援助也是好的 。对这一点，我不做过多讨论，不过我认为，就经济发展来说，首先，中国有自己的市场；其次，外面的市场对我们来说也越来越透明化了 。整体来说，在朝着好的方向发展 。所以，我认为我们的企业应该适应环境，而非试图改变环境，因为环境是无法改变的 。