VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):"活人图书馆":不看书只阅人
日期:2019-05-14 17:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Talk With a Fellow Human From This Library
The saying, "Don't judge a book by its cover," means you should not guess the worth or value of something based on how it looks.
That message was clear at a recent event called the Human Library Project . The event took place at the Northern Virginia, or NoVa, Community College, outside of Washington. D.C.
The Human Library began 19 years ago in Denmark. It grew from a youth organization called "Stop the Violence." Today, it is a worldwide movement.
At the NoVa event, students got the chance to learn from a person -- a "human book" -- instead of a library book.
Patricia Cooper organized the event. She said that human books celebrate diversity by telling their life stories in an easy-going setting.
"The goal of the human library is to talk to people in your community who you may otherwise not speak to because you have your own prejudices and hopefully to break down some of these barriers."
This is the third year that NoVa has held such an event. The collection of human books included a civil rights activist, a scientist from the American space agency NASA, and an opera singer.
Fighting prejudices
Najeeb Baha is director of recreation and wellness at the college. He knows about dealing with prejudice – an unfair feeling or dislike for a person or group because of race, sex or religion.
Baha has fair skin, reddish hair and an Arabic name. People are often surprised to learn he is from Afghanistan. Baha said security officers at airports often stop him because he does not look like what people see as a usual Afghan.
He also experiences prejudice when he goes to Islamic religious centers in Virginia.
Baha spoke about his story to NoVa student Angel Navia.
"My goal is to inform everybody about the things that I've gone through."
Baha told Navia he thinks people should not focus so much on skin color. And, they should not judge individuals by their last name or how they speak.
Navia said the time he spent with Baha taught him a lot.
"The struggles that just come from something simple, just a name or where you're from, and how that dictates some aspects of your life."
Value of education
Student advisor Connie Robinson was another human book. She shared how she survived an abusive relationship.
"Life is 10 percent what happens to us and 90 percent how we deal with it."
Robinson said that a college education helped her get out of a terrible situation. She was able to take control of her life.
"When I talk to students, I just want them to know that whatever they're going through, you know, continue to strive for their education because it is so important."
Learning from travel
Artist Brian Dailey was another human book. He spoke about his travels to 113 countries in seven years. Dailey said that, during his travels, he asked people he took pictures of for a one-word answer to a series of other words – such as love, freedom and war. He discovered that people in different countries often had very different reactions to the same word.
When Dailey asked people in Africa about the word "war" they used words like justice, liberation and peace. When he asked the same question to people in Syrian refugee camps, the answer was: "tears, hunger, fear, destruction."
Dailey said people in most of the countries had a similar answer when he said the word government. Most people, he said, do not seem to like theirs very much.
I'm Jill Robbins.

重点解析

1.took place 发生;举行

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The interview took place on a Friday afternoon.
采访是在一个星期五的下午进行的J=(IS)|&P|jZ

2.refugee camps 难民营

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As winter approaches, there's a desperate need for shelter and food in the refugee camps.
随着冬天的来临,难民营急需住所和食物c!8SCSvv8OnG

3.going through 经历

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I know what you are going through.
我完全知道你正经历着什么9ns.o450N~6qc5d(*YX

4.college education 大学教育

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He will continue his college education in the US.
他将会在美国继续他的大学教育B@B3wbSADyP5Iq7M

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5.She was able to take control of her life.

take control of 控制

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He failed in his attempt to take control of the company.
他试图掌控公司,但以失败告终%t1%RhedU)]
I feel like it's time for me to take control of the team.
我觉得现在应该由我来接管这个队伍了jmbo-d7+V-OJ[%)@izSB

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6.He asked people he took pictures of for a one-word answer to a series of other words – such as love, freedom and war.

a series of 一系列的

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The students have put forward a series of questions.
学生们提出了一系列问题tdaJu]]mBizl6zAsHTr4
A series of technical foul-ups delayed the launch of the new product.
一系列技术问题延误了新产品的上市^B87DGcefVZOc87

参考译文

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“活人图书馆”:不看书只阅人
俗话说,“莫以书的封面论长短”是指不应该仅凭一本书的封面来判断它的价值BS8m7#byYyT-]Rw;#gi0
在最近的一次名为“人类图书馆项目”的活动中,这一信息十分明显rKhRLctKd9。这次活动在华盛顿郊外北弗吉尼亚社区学院(NoVa)举行tfipSQA&^epz(~p]
人类图书馆始于19年前的丹麦jll_~dN0k.B5U#;ROIk。它起源于一个名为“阻止暴力”的青年组织z4;,7zVVCNaW。如今已经发展成一场全球性的运动|Flh,N0m^zk|P.
在北弗吉尼亚社区学院的活动中,学生们有机会向“真人书籍”学习——而不是图书馆里的图书BUwcJ8O4]10OGsP@**E
帕特里夏·库珀(Patricia Cooper)组织了这次活动.oM~N1D(aqVgT8X。她说,“人类书籍”通过在轻松的环境中讲述他们的生活故事来庆祝多样性k.Zt!!V#G+I+qjG%r
“人类图书馆的目标是让你与所在社区的人交谈,因为心存偏见你可能与这些人没有交集,我们希望能打破其中一些障碍8SOUANn]qhN=[cWEE。”

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“活人图书馆”:不看书只阅人.jpg
这是北弗吉尼亚社区学院第三年举办这样的活动om9D1.cG&jJXv;^18~%。收集的“人类书籍”包括一位民权活动家,一位来自美国宇航局的科学家和一位歌剧演唱家wPh61jb13J9]
与偏见作斗争
纳杰卜·巴哈(Najeeb Baha)是该学院的娱乐和健康主任#R|yD[F*WgKdpOB。他了解如何处理偏见——这是一种因种族、性别或宗教因素而对一个人或群体产生的不公平或厌恶感|ZKua)E3ZARg
巴哈皮肤白皙,有一头淡红色的头发和阿拉伯名字3DPAsF8PrsirZ%P。人们知道他来自阿富汗时很惊讶FjKX5u1i.Ul。巴哈说,机场保安人员经常会拦下他,因为他的外形不像人们通常看到的阿富汗人wH0!*7O8^D
当他前往弗吉尼亚的伊斯兰宗教中心时,也经历了偏见_l4jI0[P6Q9dr
巴哈向北弗吉尼亚社区学院学生纳威亚(Angel Navia)讲述了他的故事H.7wzRwkaLqq
“我想把自身的经历告诉每一个人Mutjc0L9II[q+dsrv。”
巴哈告诉纳威亚,他认为人们不应该过度关注肤色p+=872M,+|ohr=gY-d~。而且,他们不应该以姓氏或说话方式来评判一个人sMktnOdR0Z55d
纳威亚表示,跟巴哈在一起他学到了很多东西v.dk)R,K_(=^yw
“这些困惑源于一些简单的事物,比如名字,或者国籍,以及它如何影响你生活的某些方面V7&!8&~jt=5。”
教育的价值
学生顾问康妮·罗宾逊(Connie Robinson)也是一本“人类书籍”UuLg4XY;ET0RG_+t。她分享了自己如何摆脱了一段虐待关系Urho;qlXgqnaXhE3,%FU
“所谓生活,10%是我们遇到的事情,而90%是我们如何应对它N=PN#%zZv;J^r。”
罗宾逊说,大学教育帮助她走出了困境AiRqcPvQH]i。她能够掌控自己的命运f]_&wsbW6S|1=ZCnh6|
“当我和同学们交谈时,我只是想让他们知道,不管他们正在经历什么,一定要把学业继续下去,因为教育非常重要SH4RH*7ckYBX8J。”
旅行所得
艺术家布莱恩·戴利(Brian Dailey)是另一本“人类图书”Mg1e2~kNyWdW.c3HqFD。他讲述了自己在七年内游历113个国家的经历9M|qt=AMwh@o&ep%#fgI。戴利表示,在旅行期间,他请被他拍过照的人用一个词来回应诸如爱、自由和战争等词语Bc_+b@gZJL8SLE@zsbJ。他发现,不同国家的人对同一个词的反应各不相同I*%mwjAasXt|[
戴利询问非洲人民关于“战争”一词时,他们提到了正义、解放和和平等词汇b7x~&jziJGkt;hf%M-。当他向叙利亚难民营的人们提出同一问题时,他们的回答是:“眼泪、饥饿、恐惧、毁灭wUn2PYk#Bw~@_@N!^。”
戴利说,大多数国家的人在谈到“政府”一词时反应类似,!YN=+]8emv。他说,大多数人似乎都不太满意他们的政府9IC,+fkRJMz%
吉尔·罗宾斯为您播报-GD^JiL*lr)

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • sheltern. 庇护所,避难所,庇护 v. 庇护,保护,隐匿
  • diversityn. 差异,多样性,分集
  • informv. 通知,告诉,向 ... 报告,告发
  • interviewn. 接见,会见,面试,面谈 vt. 接见,采访,对 .
  • technicaladj. 技术的,工艺的
  • celebratev. 庆祝,庆贺,颂扬
  • directorn. 董事,经理,主管,指导者,导演
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
  • organizedv. 组织