VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):脸书联合创始人呼吁分拆公司
日期:2019-05-10 16:56

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Facebook Co-founder Calls for New Laws Limiting Big Tech
Facebook co-founder Chris Hughes has called for the breakup of Facebook, the world's largest social media company.
Hughes says the United States has laws to control monopolies - businesses that control too much of an industry. He wants the U.S. government to use those laws to help protect people from technology and social media companies.
His comments appeared Thursday in an opinion piece in The New York Times.
Facebook Inc. quickly rejected his call.
Hughes once shared a room in college with Mark Zuckerberg, who later became Facebook's chief executive officer.
"We are a nation with a tradition of reining in monopolies, no matter how well intentioned the leaders of these companies may be. Mark's power is unprecedented and un-American," Hughes wrote.
Is Facebook too big?
More than 2 billion people worldwide currently use Facebook. The company also owns WhatsApp, Messenger and Instagram. Each service has more than 1 billion users.
Chris Hughes co-founded Facebook with Zuckerberg and Dustin Moskovitz at Harvard University in 2004. He left the company in 2007. He later said in a LinkedIn post that he earned $500 million for his three years of work.
"It's been 15 years since I co-founded Facebook at Harvard, and I haven't worked at the company in a decade. But I feel a sense of anger and responsibility," he wrote.
Hughes helped Barack Obama with his presidential election campaign's online strategy during the 2008 political campaign.
Privacy and security were not protected by Facebook
Over the past two years, several security and privacy scandals have hit Facebook. Investigators found that the company, working with a now-closed consulting business, called Cambridge Analytica, shared information about 87 million users. In 2016, the election campaign of then presidential candidate Donald Trump used that information to target its advertising to Facebook users.
Hughes helped to design what Facebook called the "News Feed." He said that his team should have thought more carefully about how that might be used.
"I'm disappointed in myself and the early Facebook team for not thinking more about how the News Feed algorithm could change our culture, influence elections and empower nationalist leaders."
Friends and coworkers
Hughes said he last met with Zuckerberg in the summer of 2017, several months before the news came out about the Cambridge Analytica scandal.
"Mark is a good, kind person. But I'm angry that his focus on growth led him to sacrifice security and civility for clicks," Hughes said.
He also said he worries that the people around Zuckerberg always agree with him and never question his ideas. Zuckerberg cannot be dismissed, so he has total control of the company.
Encouraging competition
Hughes is not alone in asking for breakup of Facebook. Some U.S. lawmakers have called for federal privacy rules and new laws to break up big tech companies.
Senator Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut said on Thursday he thinks Facebook needs to be broken up. He also called for the Justice Department's antitrust division to launch an investigation.
In March, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren promised to break up Facebook, Amazon.com Inc. and Alphabet Inc.'s Google, if elected president. She thinks that action would help to support competition in the tech field.
Facebook rejected Hughes' call for WhatsApp and Instagram to be made into separate businesses. The social media company said that attention should be directed instead on creating rules for the internet.
"Facebook accepts that with success comes accountability. But you don't enforce accountability by calling for the break up of a successful American company," a spokesperson said in the statement.
I'm Jill Robbins.

重点解析

1.break up 打碎;解散

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My girlfriend had broken up with me
我的女朋友已跟我分手了W[Qthu0BAY#qHs^l[l

2.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.
我们见证了社交媒体的实力Y0g;eW;=dB5oIx0.

3.agree with 同意

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I don't agree with you at all.
我压根儿就不赞成你的主张tqy9!9d6;tP&KKZ42-St

4.focus on 集中于

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Their talks are expected to focus on arms control.
他们的会谈预计会集中讨论军备控制问题7]^ff@=3yU^Fl

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5.Zuckerberg cannot be dismissed, so he has total control of the company.

has total control of 完全控制

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They say the director has almost total control of the production of a film.
都说电影导演是电影制作的核心人物eNOjr-KFmJu6QbQT|Gu
The new manager has a total control of the business.
新任经理完全掌握公司的控制权~lU-3K4iX[TdEZ3

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6."It's been 15 years since I co-founded Facebook at Harvard, and I haven't worked at the company in a decade.

in a decade 十年内

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His first new novel in a decade was published earlier this year.
今年早些时候出版了他这十年来又一部新作Pb9lr~ice)u8,SCh=3@r
Power generation fell for the first time in a decade.
发电量十年来首次出现下降#[fg6gYl^%fuJ

参考译文

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脸书联合创始人呼吁分拆公司
脸书联合创始人克里斯·休斯(Chris Hughes)呼吁分拆这家全球最大的社交媒体公司mh(tLd[rF*VPB
休斯表示,美国有反垄断法律,垄断企业是指在某行业占据过多市场份额的企业9*9QoDdX*PC9。他希望美国政府利用这些法律帮助保护人们免受科技和社交媒体公司的侵害3,]BJxGnS=2c
周四,他的这番言论出现在《纽约时报》一篇评论文章中6ux!YEwx]sx5~Ur_X57
脸书公司迅速拒绝了该提议qzvG7koS[8_MB@
休斯曾经在大学里和马克·扎克伯格同一寝室,扎克伯格后来成为脸书公司的首席执行官ELq9d[blDRv+a
“我们是一个有着反垄断传统的国家,无论这些企业领导人的意图如何IuAjad;j%_K7PS9。马克的权力是前所未有的,非美国传统的,”休斯写道Y(.GrT;!0!kF,kKex%0
脸书公司规模太大?

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脸书联合创始人呼吁分拆公司.jpg
目前全世界有超过20亿人在使用脸书3]#u3+hi!jl4m6fd4)。该公司还拥有WhatsApp、Messenger和Instagram^%OK5OnQ&]-c98.0C0。每项应用软件都拥有超过10亿的用户94LX6k^*O9(W&#bml4mj
2004年,克里斯·休斯、扎克伯格和达斯汀·莫斯科维茨(Dustin Moskovitz)在哈佛大学共同创办了脸书,S1=nd0b8Wkxp.CSnl+。2007年,休斯离开了公司17Hv2A1^i)P9S~0。后来,他在领英(LinkedIn)的一篇贴文中指出,三年的工作让他赚了5亿美元F2hlo*6-^_atC&W
“距离我在哈佛大学一起创办Facebook已经15年了,我离开这家公司另谋出路也已经10年了H+_+oB&wAii0FT9I。但我感到愤怒和责任,”他写道qG4U|nev8PPTiFIwGV62
在2008年的政治竞选中,休斯帮助前总统奥巴马制定了其总统竞选网络策略L!G70,OkPu(SI
脸书没有保护隐私和安全
在过去的两年里,数起安全和隐私丑闻让脸书接连遭到冲击x_Ql[hf7nEoB。调查人员发现,该公司与现已破产的剑桥分析咨询公司合作,共享了约8700万用户的信息_9N8M&zr5R]R!。2016年,当时还是总统候选人的特朗普的竞选团队利用这些信息,将其广告目标瞄准脸书用户1CH8J0-M|e
休斯帮助设计了脸书所谓的“新闻推送”功能nEja_da3GD+i,D@VAi#。他说,他的团队应该更仔细地考虑如何使用这一功能U97ojc1VyXgIV#;3-dKW
“我对自己和早期的脸书团队感到失望,因为他们没有更全面地考虑新闻推送算法如何改变我们的文化、影响选举和赋予民族主义领导人权力@ELfU%AzB#^x;.lsd。”
朋友和同事
休斯表示,他最后一次见到扎克伯格是在2017年夏天,几个月后,剑桥分析公司的丑闻曝光mdS_QE7CCXLEWK!nzv
他说:“马克是个好人,很善良uR#n)-1KLQ4+!bS。但令我愤怒的是,他对(利润)增长的关注导致他为了点击量而牺牲了安全和文明mB.MlcAh~UE(q|n。”
他还表示,担心马克身边的团队只会一味地顺从,而不是质疑他的理念DL3G^c2HgIl_WdIXph%X。扎克伯格不能被解雇,因为他拥有公司的全部控制权f4Fmg.MeYx&cv(
竞争引入
休斯并不是唯一一位要求分拆脸书公司的人;%@am,h~=Pe。一些美国国会议员呼吁制定联邦隐私法规和新法律,分拆大型科技公司63(4z7gL|W-V+
康涅狄格州参议员理查德·布卢门撒尔(Richard Blumenthal)周四表示,他认为脸书需要分拆4HAcsmaOxoj(snojZ6。他还呼吁司法部反垄断部门对此展开调查+okF~zf!Oy7eyi7B
今年3月,马萨诸塞州参议员伊丽莎白·沃伦(Elizabeth Warren)承诺,如果当选总统,她将会分拆脸书、亚马逊(Amazon.com Inc.)和Alphabet Inc.的谷歌#hVU~QL4CAe8hp5^Njj。她认为,这些行动将有助于支持科技领域的竞争2ZVf(Y8G&hos^yMK
脸书公司拒绝了休斯将WhatsApp和Instagram分拆为两家公司的提议w#iMrETo9HKF1^e。这家社交媒体公司指出,应该将注意力转向制定互联网管制法规t!N=)tlDmc
“脸书承认,成功伴随着责任oDidbCy76jU_Ib。但你不能通过要求拆分一家成功的美国公司来强化问责制,”一位发言人在声明中表示]3Y=!jX3|Q^d
吉尔·罗宾斯为您播报Lod(wdM&&y2b

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • messengern. 报信者,先驱
  • disappointedadj. 失望的
  • strategyn. 战略,策略
  • executiveadj. 行政的,决策的,经营的,[计算机]执行指令 n
  • statementn. 声明,陈述
  • protectvt. 保护,投保
  • candidaten. 候选人,求职者
  • fell动词fall的过去式 n. 兽皮 vt. 砍伐,击倒 a
  • decaden. 十年
  • eliminatev. 除去,剔除; 忽略