Lack of Clean Water in Angola Leads to Delivery Services
In recent years, Angola has become one of the richest countries in Africa. One reason is money earned by Angola's oil industry. In 2017, business advisory service Mercer named the capital, Luanda, the most costly city for foreigners to live in.
But, many Luandans do not have access to even basic needs.
Luanda is surrounded on three sides by water: the Bengo and Cuanza Rivers and the Atlantic Ocean. Yet only half of its eight million people have access to clean, running water.
Many people in and around Angola's capital must use untreated water for everyday activities – and even for work.
Car washers like Herminio Chitembo, for example, use untreated sewage water to earn a living.
Chitembo says he and other car washers do this kind of work for survival. They are unemployed — that is why they are here.
The United Nations Children's Agency reports that nationwide, forty-four percent of Angolans still do not have access to clean water.
Agency representative Patricia Portela De Sousa says a lack of access to safe drinking water, sanitation systems and hygiene are the main causes of infectious diseases. She said this "means that many people are in danger." Not having safe water, she added, equals a high chance of getting diseases and even dying.
Angolan officials are working to improve access. But the lack of clean water is a business opportunity for hundreds of young men. They bring drinking water to buyers across the city.
Eliseu André Paulo says people need this water because, in the neighborhood where they sell it, there is no water at all. There are water taps, but the taps have never had running water.
The United States Agency for International Development found that Angola has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in water and sanitation infrastructure in recent years. But continuous access to improved water and sanitation remains an issue.
The Public Water Company of Luanda, known as EPAL, admits there is a serious water shortage.
EPAL representative Vladimir Bernardo says Luanda's water company has an average production level of 540,000 cubic meters of water per day. But the daily need is over a million cubic meters.
Luanda's water company says financial issues have slowed progress, but its current infrastructure projects will soon improve access to clean water.
For now, Angolans do their best to survive, using the dirty water they have or the clean water they can sell.
I'm Alice Bryant.
1.in danger 处于危险中
All of us will struggle fairly hard to survive if we are in danger.
2.oil industry 石油工业
Our oil industry is developing rapidly.
3.sewage water 污水
It was shown that great majority of oil is present in the form of floating oil in sewage water.
4.have access to 使用；可以利用
Companies must have access to complete and clear laws and rules that govern them.
5.The United States Agency for International Development found that Angola has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in water and sanitation infrastructure in recent years.
hundreds of millions of 数亿的
For years, hundreds of millions of Chinese have purchased new smartphones.
It took hundreds of millions of years to produce the life that now inhabits the earth.
6.The United States Agency for International Development found that Angola has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in water and sanitation infrastructure in recent years.
in recent years 近几年
An area in which the computer has made considerable strides in recent years is in playing chess
He has made a string of outspoken and sometimes provocative speeches in recent years.
近年来，安哥拉成为非洲最富有的国家之一 。原因之一是安哥拉的石油工业的盈利 。2017年，美世业务咨询公司将首都罗安达列为外国人生活成本最高昂的城市 。
罗安达三面环水，分别是本戈河（Bengo）、宽扎河（Kwanza）以及大西洋 。然而，在该国800万人口中，只有一半人能够获得清洁的自来水 。
例如，像厄米诺·齐丹波（Herminio Chitembo）这样的洗车工会利用未经处理的污水谋生 。
齐丹波表示，他和其他洗车工靠这份工作糊口 。他们失业了——这也是他们到这来的原因 。
该基金会代表帕特里夏·波特拉·德苏萨表示，无法获得洁净水、卫生系统以及个人卫生是导致传染病的主要原因 。她说，这意味着“很多人面临危险 。”她补充说，没有安全的水源，意味着患病甚至死亡的风险很高 。
安哥拉官员正在努力改善饮水条件 。但对数百名年轻人来说，缺乏干净水源带来了商机 。他们为城市各地的居民提供饮用水 。
埃莉·安德烈·保罗指出，人们需要这些洁净水，因为他们供应水的社区根本没有水 。虽然有水龙头，但从来没流过自来水 。
美国国际开发署发现，安哥拉近年来在水和卫生基础设施方面投入了数亿美元 。但是持续获得改善的水和卫生设施仍然是一个问题 。
该公司代表弗拉基米尔·贝尔纳多（Vladimir Bernardo）指出，罗安达的自来水公司平均每天生产54万立方米的水 。但是每天的需求量超过一百万立方米 。