VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):中美贸易战让越南受益还是受损?
日期:2019-04-22 15:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Will US-China Trade War Help or Hurt Vietnam?
Vietnam could be one of the biggest winners or biggest losers in a changing global economy. That finding comes from Moody's Investors Services, a financial company.
Recently, Moody's announced findings of a study that looked at 23 countries across the Asia Pacific region. It found that Malaysia, Taiwan(China), Thailand and Vietnam were the most likely to gain from trade moving away from China.
But, Vietnam was among the countries that could be most hurt by a trade slowdown, too.
The Southeast Asian country has been searching for a way to gain from trade tensions between the U.S. and China.
But those gains might not last, especially if a trade war between the world's two biggest economies reduces global trade overall.
Analysts say that Vietnam, a trade-dependent country, needs to be ready.
Sian Fenner is a lead economist at Oxford Economics in Singapore. She wrote that Vietnam's "dependence on foreign investor flows also makes it vulnerable to changing global sentiment."
Fenner added, "As a small, open economy heavily dependent on external trade, an increase in protectionism and slower global trade would have significant ... effects for Vietnam, even if it is not the direct target of increased tariffs."
U.S. President Donald Trump put tariffs on $50 billion worth of Chinese products last summer, citing the country's unfair trade practices. China responded with its own import taxes on U.S. goods. Government officials from both sides are supposed to meet this month to resolve the dispute.
However, observers are divided on how likely a resolution to the conflict will be.
The trade war, combined with similar trade protectionism around the world, raises the chances of global economic instability.
While Vietnam cannot do much about the trade policies of other countries, it has received a number of recommendations on how to help itself. Advisers urge Vietnam to make reforms to its economy, for one.
Three experts, Tuan Ho, Trang Thi Ngoc Nguyen, and Tho Ngoc Tran, wrote in a report for Yusof Ishak Institute that the Vietnamese government should get serious about privatizing some state owned companies. They also suggested support for small businesses, such as through loans, and tougher screening of foreign investments.
The three noted that economic reform and wise public investments would help Vietnam deal with economic problems in the future. "That is particularly important in the context of a long-lasting global trade tension," they conclude.
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.global economy 全球经济

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Major developing countries are becoming important engines of the global economy.
主要发展中国家日益成为全球经济增长的重要引擎O7by7qf~sLEYdD2Lhs

2.public investments 公共投资

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Public investments in schools and health care in rural areas remain barely visible.
农村地区的学校和医疗健康方面的公共投资仍然少得可怜VQ8@ooq=0R15,

3.foreign investments 外国投资

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Foreign investments help our economic development.
外国投资有助于我们的经济发展(vH~=u%9Hraj

4.looked at 考虑;着眼于

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Thomas and his wife looked at each other in smug satisfaction.
托马斯和夫人得意地互相望了一眼V%)X(mx-2dYW-VfQ-

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5.The Vietnamese government should get serious about privatizing some state owned companies.

get serious about 对...认真

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I said we shouid get serious about me going away.
我说过我们应该严肃对待我要走的问题2xfh#hHbu~%g
Several years ago I decided to get serious about my physical health.
我在数年前决心要好好注重自己的健康0k|g!EO0g1M28I

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6.The Southeast Asian country has been searching for a way to gain from trade tensions between the U.S. and China.

searching for a way to 设法...

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We will always search for a way to end the cycle of destruction.
我们总是在寻找终止恶性循环的方法,Smk7ne-8PDI9X#Q
While searching for a way to augment the family income, she began making dolls.
为了想法子增加家庭收入,她开始制作洋娃娃lud68J(OWLpfE+!RyoN,

参考译文

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中美贸易战让越南受益还是受损?
在不断变化的全球经济中,越南可能会成为最大赢家或输家之一CGun8TE5SG@p。这一发现来自金融公司——穆迪投资者服务公司BQE-JD_P|N0WzP]m~F
最近,穆迪公布了针对亚太地区23个国家的研究结果Yj0.kb4Fto*6q~r[6R9+。研究发现,马来西亚、中国台湾地区、泰国以及越南最可能从中国转移出去的贸易中获益5_q9k9ZC0Z
但是,越南也是受贸易放缓影响最严重的国家之一dZMf(yG3p[S3X=[w+
这个东南亚国家一直设法从中美贸易紧张局势中获益PG@51O%t4oh,4EE
但是这些收益可能不会持久,尤其是如果这两个全球最大经济体的贸易战导致全球总贸易额下降的话*,[+;VHJOs&
分析师表示,越南这个依赖贸易的国家需要做好准备nk,=2a#p7S9ijF(J5V

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中美贸易战让越南受益还是受损?.jpg
希恩·芬纳(Sian Fenner)是新加坡牛津经济顾问公司的首席经济学家%W0p=Y~G3)@I#^)n7;&6。她写道,越南对“外国投资者流动的依赖也会导致其易受到全球(投资者)情绪不断变化的影响PnY~h.!-U%。”
芬纳还说:“作为一个严重依赖对外贸易的小型开放经济体,贸易保护主义抬头和全球贸易放缓将会对越南产生重大影响,即使其不是提高关税的直接目标X^1bVAQqwr^WU5。”
去年夏天,美国总统特朗普以中国不公平贸易行为由,对价值500亿美元的中国产品征收关税uG.uRIwC5mn4vcdCaaI。作为回应,中国也对美国产品征收了进口税yp;(HeYJo]%%rjvbMZ。双方政府官员本月将举行峰会来解决这一争端s)DLL00-C|W51i
然而,观察人士对解决这一冲突的可能性产生了分歧GbknKZj!jY%Rgf,T4g
这次贸易战以及世界各地的贸易保护主义,增加了全球经济不稳定的可能性F|hBT#~nLqgS7Hua
虽然越南无力干预其它国家的贸易政策,但是该国已经获得了一些如何帮助自身的建议9%IOXP+Ioj。例如,顾问们督促越南进行经济改革i^D9)9e]I!C3j7v[1ZJq
Tuan Ho、 Trang Thi Ngoc Nguyen 和 Tho Ngoc Tran 三名专家在尤索夫研究所的一份报告中写道,越南政府应该认真对待一些国有企业的私有化x*gN;StanRPd。他们还建议支持小企业,如通过贷款和严格审查外国投资等方式%*FBv.th(RM*h3qh[
三位专家指出,经济改革和合理的公共投资将有助于越南应对未来的经济问题*pKo&-fr2MAjg~+#。他们总结称:“在全球贸易关系长期紧张的情况下,这一点尤为重要lwoUVs9|+6qSgV5LAt。”
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