In May, the world will mark 500 years since the death of Leonardo da Vinci.
Art galleries and museums are preparing shows to honor the life and works of the artist they call Leonardo, who died in France on May 2, 1519. He is remembered as one of the greatest artists and creative thinkers of all time. Among his most famous paintings are The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.
Recently, researchers were studying what they think is da Vinci's earliest-known artwork. They used special lighting to study the work and discovered there were two images, not one. One drawing was on the back of the piece, which is dated August 5, 1473.
The drawing on the front, made when Leonardo was 21 years old, shows a river valley and a castle outside the city of Florence. There is little left of the drawing on the back, perhaps because it was rubbed off. Only a bridge over a river can be seen. But there is writing on both sides.
The writing on the front gives the date and goes from right to left. Some people would call this "mirror-writing." Leonardo often wrote this way in his notebooks. On the back, the handwriting goes from left to right, and tells about an agreement, probably to produce a work of art.
Cecilia Frosinini is an art historian. She said, Leonardo was born left-handed, but was taught to write with his right hand from a very young age. By looking at his writings, including from this drawing, one can see his right-handed calligraphy is educated and well done.
Experts compared the two handwriting samples and said they were both made by Leonardo. They show he could write well using both his left hand and his right hand.
The drawing is known as "Landscape 8P" from its number in an art catalog. It will be part of an exhibit at Italy's Uffizi Gallery. The gallery director, Eike Schmidt, said the drawing gives art experts a new way of looking at Leonardo's drawing technique and his abilities in writing.
It is a real revolution in the field of Leonardo studies, he said.
I'm Jill Robbins.
1. mirror writing 镜像书写
In pages from a notebook da Vinci's slanted "mirror" writing describes the guests at a dinner.
2. revolution 变革，革命
The country seems to be heading towards revolution.
许多美术馆和博物馆都在准备展览，以致敬这位名作列奥纳多的艺术家的一生及其作品 。他于1519年5月2日在法国去世 。达芬奇为世人缅怀，他是最伟大的艺术家之一，也是一位富有创造力的思考者 。他最出名的画作有《蒙娜丽莎》和《最后的晚餐》 。
近日，研究人员正在研究他们认为可能是达芬奇最早为人所知的一个作品 。他们通过特殊照明方法来研究这幅作品，并发现这作品其实由两幅画组成，而非一幅 。其中一幅画附在另一幅的背面，日期是1473年8月5日 。
上面的那幅画是达芬奇21岁时所作 。画上有一个河谷和一座城堡，位于佛罗伦萨城外 。这幅画有一小部分印在了背面，这或许是画墨逐渐淡去的原因 。图上只可见河上的一座桥，但两边都还有字 。
上面的那幅画上标明了日期，是从右向左书写的 。有些人称这种方式为“镜像书写” 。达芬奇在笔记里经常用这种方式 。背面的书法是从左向右，大概表达了赞同的意思，很有可能是为了创作艺术品 。
塞西莉亚是一名艺术历史学家 。她表示，达芬奇是左撇子，但在很小的时候就学会了右手写字 。从他的书法包括画作中可以看出，他右手书法的能力训练有素，堪称完美 。
专家对比了这两幅书法样本，并表示这两幅都是达芬奇所作 。这两幅画表明，达芬奇可左右手并用 。
根据这幅画在艺术名录里的序号，它得名为《风景8P》 。这幅画可能会在意大利乌菲兹美术馆里展出 。该美术馆的馆长埃克·施密特表示，这幅画让美术专家们有了一种新的方式，可以重新审视达芬奇的作画技巧和书法能力 。
Jill Robbins为您播报 。