VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国宠物:非新鲜食物不吃!
日期:2019-04-15 16:24

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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More American Pets Are Eating Fresh Food
Americans are increasingly feeding their dogs and cats fresh foods.
Most Americans feed their pets with kibble – a kind of food ground into small pieces. But, more American pets are eating fresh food, like chicken, sweet potatoes and spinach.
Sales of fresh pet food in grocery stores and pet stores grew to about $546 million in 2018. That is an increase of about 70 percent from 2015. That information comes from Nielsen, a company that researches what the public buys and uses.
Even with the big increase, fresh food sales still make up a small part of the $25 billion that Americans spend on pet food each year.
Supporters of fresh food diets for pets say these foods keep their nutrients better than canned or dried foods. They also say fresh food diets are similar to the pets' ancestral diets and improve their health.
In America, pet food trends have followed human ones. When gravy, a sauce made from the juices of cooked meat, was popular in the 1950s, Gravy Train dog food appeared. In the 1980s, Fancy Feast cat food showed a growing consumer interest in gourmet food.
Mintel is a company that advises businesses. It said young buyers are fueling the sales increase. They are more likely to choose pet foods that they consider to be safer and more natural.
Amy Zalneraitis is the part-owner of We Feed Raw, a raw food meal plan service for pets based in the northeastern state of Maine.
She said, "Just as people have become skeptical of highly processed foods for themselves, they're looking critically at their pets' foods as well." She added: "They think: How could something with a shelf life of over [a] year be better than real, fresh food?"
But some animal health experts question this way of thinking. They say established pet food companies, like Royal Canin, have researched their food for many years.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration says that raw pet food has a high risk of bacterial contamination. The agency is also investigating a link between grain-free diets that contain peas, lentils and potatoes and elevated levels of heart disease in dogs.
Lindsey Bullen is a pet nutrition specialist with the Veterinary Specialist Hospital of the Carolinas in Durham, North Carolina.
She said pets need many kinds of important nutrients. If those levels of needed nutrients "are too high or too low," she added, "it can cause significant problems for that pet that the client might not see for months or years to come."
Seven years ago, Deb Colgan saw that her husband was feeding raw meat to their two dogs. At first, she did not like the idea, but changed her mind after researching it.
She and her husband started buying raw meat and bones from the grocery store. She also talked with a veterinarian and added supplements like vitamin E, salmon oil and probiotics, among others.
One of her dogs stopped vomiting regularly and gained weight. The other stopped getting ear and urinary tract infections. Those dogs eventually died, but the Colgans have continued the diet with two new dogs.
"It's very much a relief they are so healthy, and we do believe it's because how they eat," said Colgan. "I can't imagine us ever going back to commercial [dog food]."
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.pet food 宠物食品

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They would sell the meat off as pet food.
他们将把肉当作宠物食品卖掉V62hGwka.*P!.L+Lj

2.going back to 返回

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It felt weird going back to Liverpool.
回到利物浦后,感觉很奇怪G!Dnx+~Bud;2(+[g2

3.make up 弥补;组成;编造

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I think it's very unkind of you to make up stories about him.
我认为你编造他的谣言很不厚道*gj[5@AP6S;&3e_VD

4.be similar to 与...相似

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The accident was similar to one that happened in 1973.
这次事故和1973年发生的那起事故很相似UDmui-j#|Rz-gRr5r

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5.The U.S. Food and Drug Administration says that raw pet food has a high risk of bacterial contamination.

has a high risk of 有...的高风险

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Remarriage has a high risk of divorce.
再婚者的离异风险大,08[q6w2_Vly5K
We have already seen that the Chinese property market has a very high risk of entering into a slump.
我们看到中国房地产市场面临陷入低迷的很大风险_Pu.DSPv6+Zr8LG0D96d

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6.At first, she did not like the idea, but changed her mind after researching it.

At first 首先;起初

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At first I gave him the benefit of the doubt.
起初,我姑且相信了他WhdBiClb@z[zz)S6Vt~J
You will find it hard at first, but stick at it.
你会发现刚开始时有点难,但要坚持下去J1Fb7v!pm5,izJL

参考译文

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越来越多的美国宠物吃新鲜食物
越来越多的美国人给他们的猫和狗投喂新鲜食物7tZnWAx&W1O(%,RYQIb
大多数美国人给宠物喂食的是一种被磨成小块的粗磨食物9jk2Y-R&|9.jG#@eZ。但是,越来越多的美国宠物开始食用鸡肉、红薯和菠菜等新鲜食物tE9NVPPj3]X6^@]74b]
2018年,杂货店和宠物店的新鲜宠物食品的销售额增至5.46亿美元,比2015年增长了70%wM+PEogMBb!W,QU~JM。这一信息出自专门研究公众购买与使用物品的尼尔森公司1KS+G9gRIwdOim
尽管宠物食品销量大幅增长,但是在美国人每年250亿美元的宠物食品支出中,新鲜食物销量所占比重仍然很小vl.G|IL)|Y9,GP7o
支持宠物食用新鲜食品的民众表示,这类食物比灌装或干制食品更有营养3jmXJcPBMX89[1)nu。他们还说,新鲜食物与宠物祖先的饮食更为相似,而且能改善他们的健康状况]1jU0r5X%47#w]rg

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越来越多的美国宠物吃新鲜食物.JPG
在美国,宠物食品的发展趋势紧跟人类9S##rANA41;OFQA。在20世纪50年代,当一种由熟肉汁制成的酱汁开始流行时,Gravy Train狗粮应运而生;2=O)1.]9^-Gmk@Ts9IG。在20世纪80年代,Fancy Feast猫粮的出现显示出消费者对美食越来越浓重的兴趣N!oDSe|@24[[
Mintel是一家为企业提供咨询服务的公司beAmhM;prr。该公司表示,年轻消费者推动了宠物食品销量的增长rBNi_GK()9。他们更可能会选择他们认为更安全、更天然的宠物食品]Xq0%Y[bgk@O
艾米·勒内提斯(Amy Zalneraitis)是We Feed Raw的合伙人之一,这家位于缅因州东北部的公司专为宠物提供生食套餐服务Z*Zp@FJxF*T))H#4pQw
她表示,“正如人们质疑自己食用的高度加工的食品一样,他们也在批判性地审视自己宠物的饮食^~ncqU-Zr,#。”她补充说:“他们认为:保质期超过一年的食品怎能与真正新鲜的食品相比呢?”
但是一些动物健康专家对这种思维模式提出质疑TG~gnP+q[X@&O58wm。他们说,Royal Canin等老牌宠物食品公司已经对宠物饮食进行了多年的研究yDtCYoJq]#!HNNG1
美国食品和药品管理局称,生食宠物食品有很高的细菌污染风险aNHhZ+4s7FfsBvmG。该机构还调查了含有豌豆、扁豆、土豆的无谷物食品与狗患心脏疾病的风险增加的关系I0ZRG@k1&[;76jK;r
林赛·布伦(Lindsey Bullen)是北卡罗莱纳州达勒姆市卡罗莱纳兽医专科医院的宠物营养专家iHr]s|WWDRKkwTt1R
她说,宠物需要多种重要的营养物质KmVAMa^Huo#2(k@。她补充说,如果必需的营养水平“过高或过低”,宠物会出现严重的问题,而顾客可能在未来数月甚至数年内都意识不到这些问题aHlkc4Et2cp9K0。”
七年前,德布·科尔根(Deb Colgan)看到丈夫用生肉投喂两只狗4s8HK(2dj~z!,p.!7K。起初,她不赞成这一做法,经过一番研究后她改变了主意a0Lnt^g%3%U5G
她和丈夫开始从杂货店购买生肉和骨头@ZFmk;.z(5H|Qv。她也咨询了兽医,给狗的饮食中添加了维生素E,鲑鱼油以及益生菌等补充剂5i=EdCd9g)
其中一只狗停止了周期性呕吐、体重逐渐回升]a79nJ6[;&d5。另一只狗的耳部和尿道感染症状也逐渐好转hKVQCJHM&|1Bta。两只狗最终还是死掉了,但科尔根夫妇仍然用这种方式喂养两只新狗#L8CXY^hGC
科尔根说:“它们的健康状况让我们松了口气,我们相信这归因于它们的饮食习惯n~|~.sN58iyIer@(y。”“我无法想象用商品狗粮喂养会出现什么情况0O7H+c]_@%;U|y+m。”
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报2e4J!9+b[!kfsjbh~

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • eventuallyadv. 终于,最后
  • containvt. 包含,容纳,克制,抑制 vi. 自制
  • nutritionn. 营养
  • contaminationn. 污染,污染物
  • salmonn. 鲑,大马哈鱼,橙红色的
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门
  • establishedadj. 已被确认的,确定的,建立的,制定的 动词est
  • reliefn. 减轻,解除,救济(品), 安慰,浮雕,对比 adj
  • propertyn. 财产,所有物,性质,地产,道具
  • shelfn. 架子,搁板