VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):猫能听懂自己名字!
日期:2019-04-10 11:43

(单词翻译:单击)

EUcI(x#y%wvL=ov

听力文本

s|H^K2J[!X!e5N

Cats Recognize Their Own Names, But May Not Come When You Call
Studies show that human beings and cats have been living together for about 9,500 years.
Dogs have lived with humans longer than cats. Dogs are domesticated, meaning they have been trained to do what people want them to do.
What do cats understand?
As cat owners know well, cats do not obey humans in the same way dogs do. In fact, some scientists claim that cats have trained us to take care of them. As a result, many people have come to think that maybe cats simply do not understand human language.
A report in the scientific journal Nature shows that cats understand human beings well enough to recognize their own names.
The report describes a series of experiments with house cats in Japan. These tests involved having people say four words that were similar to a cat's name. Each word had the same number of syllables as the name and some of the same sounds.
The cats seemed to lose interest after the speaker said a few of the words. Then the person said the cat's name. The cats moved their ears or turned their head when they heard their names. They also moved their feet or bodies very little – not a surprising result.
Cat cafe friends know their names
In another part of the experiment, Japanese researchers compared house cats to cats who live in a cat café, a business where humans can come to spend time with cats. People said the names of the cats staying in the cat café. These animals reacted just as much to the name of a fellow cat living at the cat café as to their own name. The researchers thought this was because visitors may give food to the cat or rub its back when it responds.
Another finding was that a cat will react when a person who is not its owner says its name. The study was carried out by four researchers: Atsuko Saito, Yuki Ito, and Toshikazu Hasegawa at the Department of Cognitive and Behavioral Science of the University of Tokyo and Kazutaka Shinozuka of the RIKEN Center for Brain Science in Saitama.
Helping humans and cats
"I think many cat owners feel that cats know their names, or the word ‘food,'" but until now, there was no scientific evidence to back that up, says Saito, who is a cat owner.
The researchers hope that the findings from their study will help both cats and people. They added that perhaps cats can learn words to warn them of dangerous things or places.
I'm Jill Robbins.

重点解析

1.back up 支持;援助

04oqVAibhxE(R)|l1v

The girl denied being there, and the man backed her up.
女孩否认在场,那名男子证实了她的话(O*uBXe7i+Wpv*3

2.scientific evidence 科学证据

Y3uXgTAgd((uzUst1~^~

There is sound scientific evidence of what certain gases do to the atmosphere.
有可靠的科学依据可以证明某些气体对大气的影响Prq,!MDHQVgDx

3.carried out 实施

&4TqxI,KsmSBr|YY

Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.
法医专家对残骸进行了极其仔细的搜索YFqeeQ_O;(O~Mo2G

4.human language 人类语言

ZHYUf^hs,Y#

One function of human language, which refers to the social interaction of language.
人类语言的功能之一,指语言的社会交互性gE2iSKV]NV-#~=v;d2#

SZ0MUWQB)Bs*

5.In fact, some scientists claim that cats have trained us to take care of them.

take care of 照顾;照料

M0VXi1bNgmHMOzzc68j

You take care of your end, kid, I'll take care of mine.
你管好你的事,孩子,我会管好我的7og5SrxMsq
You have to learn to take care of your possessions.
你得学会保管好自己的财物0tedbnPO]=;ASX&@cJ

M&O7N2sB@OY~y5te*jdL

6.As a result, many people have come to think that maybe cats simply do not understand human language.

As a result 结果

DNZ_#6W.ebTid]PuP]

The government appears to have miscalculated and bills are higher as a result.
政府好像计算失误,结果导致支出有所增加7=OdcS,b_%r#y!|GD73
His car alarm had been going off for two days and, as a result, the battery was flat.
他的汽车报警器连着响了两天,结果电池耗没电了xILQ-15oAQ&J]zTA+

参考译文

+@39#G*1#5

猫能听懂自己名字?只是懒得理你!
研究表明,人类和猫已经共同生活了大约9500年uRLIZs_Hdj2jL|]KI
狗与人类生活的时间比猫更久vd||~Ag[xniCY~vy4f。狗是驯养的动物,这意味它们接受过训练,可以做人们希望它们做的事情pIZd16|g]Wu-E2Q
猫能听懂什么?
养猫的人都知道,猫不像狗那样顺从人类&-l*y7x!.M3O。事实上,一些科学家声称,猫反倒训练人类来照顾它们erhvyyhtiWPDl1(Lv72r。因此,很多人逐渐认为,猫可能根本听不懂人类语言x4RO]tdpuWDdX^VxjJ!r
《自然》科学杂志上发表的一篇报道显示,猫能听懂人类语言,甚至包括自己的名字f6WcC)oqkoF
这篇报道描述了在日本用家猫做的一系列实验533;HIzsqvBk=%bEEOK。实验内容包括让人们说出与猫名字相似的四个单词Ux4d-0&qi;f。每个单词都跟猫的名字有同样多的音节和一些相同的发音f*O.w8r0b#!|T

+W-tEyxdhgjNha-b

猫能听懂自己名字.jpg
在说话者说出几个单词后,猫似乎丧失了兴趣5dscrJFU.7C+ui#.p。然后说话者叫出猫的名字@r=IKfcH[%b。当听到自己名字时,猫会迅速侧耳听或转头看,它们还会小幅度移动脚或身体,这一结果并不令人惊讶QJr]DKtKGD
猫咪咖啡馆的猫咪知道自己名字
在该实验的另一部分,日本研究人员将家猫和猫咪咖啡馆的猫进行了比较,后者是人们与猫共度时光的店铺Kq^Lnvy=6j。顾客呼唤猫咪咖啡馆内猫的名字,这些猫对住在猫咪咖啡馆的同伴的名字和对自己名字的反应一样强烈*nhN#8rw([2o.;n=。研究人员认为,这是因为顾客可能会在它们做出反应时给它们喂食或抚摸它们的后背Ac~Q-Ykv|_V._+!D
另一项发现是,当不是主人呼唤时,猫咪也会对名字做出反应3G;=kAE,E3!。该研究由东京大学认知和行为科学系的Atsuko Saito、Yuki Ito、Toshikazu Hasegawa以及琦玉县脑科学理化研究所的Kazutaka Shinozuka4位研究人员完成dnyPu_Yd4J1*&
帮助人类和猫
养猫人士Saito表示:“我认为,很多养猫的人都觉得猫听得懂自己的名字,或是食物这个词,只不过,目前没有任何证据支持这一猜测9(oWk;hHb_B~_3opk。”
研究人员希望他们的研究结果能够同时帮助到猫和人类LCmTRXj_K.=UcVW)。他们补充说,也许猫可以学会一些单词来警告它们危险的事情或地方n*7HQLB%4k&gaZ+1q3
吉尔·罗宾斯为您播报2x%CSW,xvt4G;

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

jZmjrUf_-xC*0EiRqSIYAQ;4&G0_MXl2D*f8E#nh6!)mG
分享到