VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):日本公布新天皇年号"令和"
日期:2019-04-02 11:11

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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‘Reiwa’ Chosen as Name for Rule of New Japanese Emperor
Japanese officials have chosen a name for the period of rule of Japan's incoming emperor.
Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga announced the name on Monday in Tokyo.
Crown Prince Naruhito will become emperor on May 1, one day after Japanese Emperor Akihito leaves the position. This will be only the second time in nearly 100 years that Japan has welcomed a new era.
Although use of the era is not required by Japanese law, it is widely used on government and business papers, calendars and other documents.
The current era, known as "Heisei" under Emperor Akihito, has lasted 30 years. The term is often defined as meaning "peace prevails everywhere." During that period, Japan has not been involved in a war, but has experienced natural disasters and economic troubles.
The new era is to be called "Reiwa." It was chosen by a group appointed by the government from names suggested by scholars.
Rules require that the name have two Japanese characters, known as Kanji, which are easily read and written but are unusual or literary in nature. The first character can be defined to mean "order" and the second as "harmony" or "peace."
The term comes from a poem about plum blossoms in a collection of Japanese poems called "Manyoshu." It is said to have been written about 1,300 years ago.
After the announcement, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe spoke about the meaning of Reiwa. Abe described it as: "culture is born and nurtured as the people's hearts are beautifully drawn together." He expressed his wishes that the new era would be "filled with hope."
Over more than one thousand years, Japanese era names have come from Chinese classic literature. Abe said the "Manyoshu" was chosen because it was Japan's oldest collection of poetry written by royal family members and ordinary people.
Abe has expressed support for the image of the emperor, who enjoys wide public support.
Japan's current constitution was written after World War II. The constitution denounces war and gives the emperor no political power.
Emperor Akihito gained what is known as the Chrysanthemum Throne in 1989 after the death of Hirohito, Japan's emperor during World War II.
I'm Mario Ritter Junior.

重点解析

1.Crown Prince 皇太子;皇储

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Bahrain's crown prince was invited but decided not to attend because of unrest in his country.
巴林王储受到了邀请,但由于国内动荡决定不出席婚礼~_Dp_w8.ttRLUgg;&

2.royal family 王室;皇族

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He did his best to ingratiate himself with the royal family.
他竭力向王室献媚4y%.=p1&i]IP-)jNR

3.public support 公众支持

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The President is attempting to drum up public support for his economic program.
总统正竭力争取公众对他的经济计划予以支持]l(]35F!a2Zb

4.political power 政治权利

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The new institutions do not encroach on political power.
新机构没有侵犯到政治权力EsZ&P]oHYlhSm

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5.Japan has not been involved in a war, but has experienced natural disasters and economic troubles.

natural disasters 自然灾害

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Man-made and natural disasters have disrupted the Government's economic plans.
天灾人祸打乱了政府的经济计划A%HS&RN-XB6@J
Poverty and human folly magnify natural disasters.
贫困和人类的愚昧加剧了自然灾难Wg1PQWs~yT!V

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6.He expressed his wishes that the new era would be "filled with hope."

be filled with 充满

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His voice filled with fatherly concern
他的声音充满了慈父般的关切6d)O*dudt1dQ[.
Maria's eyes filled with tears.
玛丽亚的眼中噙满了泪水U)4%=#7lGo;J

参考译文

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日本新任天皇选定“令和”年号
日本官员为即将继位的天皇择定了年号yIuz)xD-%qm!hCv[A!
周一,日本内阁官房长官菅义伟在东京宣布了这一年号.@wTU-Bpn_y6nB-
皇太子德仁(Naruhito)将在明仁天皇退位次日,即5月1日即位新天皇vFPW&U~luw480ESX&h。这将是近100年来日本第二次迎来新的年号EdcYg)3G8-i@QBFFUg9
虽然日本法律不强制要求使用年号,但是它已经广泛应用于政府和商业文件、日历以及其它文档C#UK4x8@V*FI&[c5@;#
目前是明仁天皇的“平成”年号,已经持续了30年p_uG.V3%Bd*。“平成”一词常被解释为“四海和平zPK+*0x#YAS#fQ%。”在此期间,日本虽然没有卷入战争,但是却饱受自然灾害和经济问题的困扰q61aoVR4r]

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日本公布新天皇年号.jpg
新年号被称为“令和”n+e(0bka.6)^]H&q]-H。这是由政府任命的一个小组根据学者建议的年号中择选的,Dz6zI71^IR
根据规定,年号必须有两个日本汉字,便于阅读和书写,但是不太常见,或具有文学的本质特征Z|;iT=^dXbM^!d.%。年号“令和”的第一个字可以解释为“秩序”,第二个字可解释为“和谐”或“和平”v]oFoa02B9G
该词出自于日本诗歌集《万叶集》中一首关于梅花的诗,据称写于大约1300年前+sp4pGhTNn87xA8WbT8
在新年号公布后,日本首相安倍晋三谈到“令和”年号的意义XvQ-m,[&r0zLc9!1P9h。安倍称其为:“文化在人们美丽心灵相互吸引后生根、发芽”ot15b=ADsz!。他表示,希望这个新时代充满希望8_Q2nM#+wXdat)A
一千多年来,日本的年号均取自中国古典文学作品Cp#POIPUE^)w0Mdv。安倍表示,选择《万叶集》是因为这是日本最古老的诗集,由王室成员和普通百姓撰写而成U-9Nu+pZ^k54uBO
安倍表达了对天皇形象的支持,而天皇得到了广泛的群众支持|VhJat3IaDpbj
日本现行宪法是在二战后编写的2#fr3-C,6zM。这部宪法谴责了战争,并剥夺了天皇的政治权力C08KbHf!HDfmem
1989年裕仁天皇去世后,明仁天皇即位MLImx(_e@gt。裕仁天皇是日本二战期间的天皇sqtEF2-oe9ww7WiJ5kJ
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • magnifyv. 放大,夸大 v. 赞美,颂扬
  • follyn. 愚蠢,荒唐事 (复)follies: 轻松歌舞剧
  • collectionn. 收集,收取,聚集,收藏品,募捐
  • classicn. 古典作品,杰作,第一流艺术家 adj. 第一流的,
  • definedadj. 有定义的,确定的;清晰的,轮廓分明的 v. 使
  • primeadj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的 n. 青春,壮
  • thronen. 王座,君主
  • povertyn. 贫困,贫乏
  • unusualadj. 不平常的,异常的
  • chrysanthemumn. 菊,菊花