Putin Visits Crimea on 5th Anniversary of Annexation
Russian President Vladimir Putin marked the fifth anniversary of the annexation of Crimea from Ukraine with a visit to the area.
Putin began his trip Monday by overseeing the launch of two new power stations. He praised completion of the centers, which he said will cover up to 90 percent of Crimea's power needs.
Putin said, "Today another important step has been taken to strengthen the energy security of the Crimean Peninsula and of the whole south of the Russian Federation."
The power stations are part of a major effort to make a modern Crimea. It began after Russia seized Crimea from Ukraine in 2014.
The annexation of Crimea was condemned by the international community. The European Union (EU) and United States placed economic restrictions on Russia for the action. Ukraine says it wants Crimea back and most countries still recognize it as Ukrainian territory.
Putin claims that Russia "re-integrated" Crimea after the ouster of Ukraine's former pro-Russian president in 2014. He has said the action was necessary to protect ethnic Russians that make up the majority of Crimea's population from Ukrainian nationalists.
The annexation gave Russia hundreds of kilometers of coastline along the Black Sea. It also expanded Russian control over economic activities in the Sea of Azov and provided an opening to possible energy resources around the Black Sea.
Last year, Putin attended the launch of another major development project – a bridge linking southern Russia to the Crimean city of Kerch. The 19-kilometer bridge cost $3.6 billion to build. A railroad bridge is also being built as Russia seeks to expand direct supply links to Crimea.
Ukraine cut off energy to Crimea and blocked supply shipments from its territory after the annexation.
While Putin was celebrating the 5th anniversary in Crimea, NATO and the European Union once again criticized the annexation.
In a statement Monday, NATO allies said "we strongly condemn this act, which we do not and will not recognize." The NATO allies also criticized Russia's military buildup in Crimea.
The statement also accused "Russian de-facto" officials in Crimea of carrying out human rights abuses. These included "arbitrary detentions, arrest, and torture" against members of the Crimean Tartar community, NATO said.
The statement demanded that Russia "bring an immediate end to all violations and abuses in illegally annexed Crimea" and let international observational organizations into the area.
EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini repeated the organization's position that Crimea remains a part of Ukrainian territory, saying Europe stands "in full solidarity with Ukraine."
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.power stations 发电站
An efficient bulb may lighten the load of power stations.
2.foreign policy 外交政策
He described their foreign policy as on hold.
3.economic restrictions 经济制裁
They are concerned that Iran might increase its support for groups linked to terrorism after economic restrictions are cancelled.
4.make up 弥补；化妆
She spent too much time making herself up.
5.The statement also accused "Russian de-facto" officials in Crimea of carrying out human rights abuses.
carrying out 实施
The commanders accused him of carrying out a reign of terror.
The new King seemed to be carrying out his duties with grace and due decorum.
6.While Putin was celebrating the 5th anniversary in Crimea, NATO and the European Union once again criticized the annexation.
once again 再一次
Let me remind you once again so that you won't forget.
Once again he has broken his faith with them.
普京周一开启了出访行程，他视察了两座新电站的启动 。他赞扬了这些电站的落成，称其能满足克里米亚90%的电力需求 。
这两座电站是建设现代化克里米亚的重要举措之一 。它是从2014年俄罗斯接管克里米亚后开始动工的 。
俄罗斯接管克里米亚遭到国际社会的谴责 。欧盟和美国对俄罗斯的行动进行了制裁 。乌克兰表示，希望克里米亚回归，大多数国家仍然承认它为乌克兰领土 。
普京声称，2014年乌克兰亲俄总统下台后，俄罗斯“重新整合”了克里米亚 。他说，此举是为了保护占克里米亚人口大多数的俄罗斯族人免受乌克兰民族主义者的伤害 。
这次接管使俄罗斯获得黑海沿岸数百公里的海岸线 。它还扩大了俄罗斯对亚速海经济活动的控制，并为俄罗斯获取黑海周边潜在能源提供了契机 。
去年，普京出席了另一项重大发展项目的启动仪式——连接俄罗斯南部与克里米亚城市刻赤的桥梁通车 。这座长达19公里的大桥耗资36亿美元 。俄罗斯还在修建一座铁路桥，以扩大与克里米亚的直接供应联系 。
北约在周一发表的声明中表示，“我们强烈谴责这一行为，现在不会承认，将来也不会承认 。”北约盟国还批评俄罗斯在克里米亚的军事集结 。
欧盟外交政策负责人费代丽卡·莫盖里尼( Federica Mogherini)重申了欧盟的立场，即克里米亚仍为乌克兰领土的一部分，并称欧洲“完全支持乌克兰 。”