VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):津巴布韦:面包成奢侈品
日期:2019-03-11 16:19

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Bread Now Too Costly for Many Zimbabweans
Bread has now joined the list of goods in short supply in Zimbabwe. The lack of bread has caused its price to increase. Now, citizens are forced to look for replacements to this simple food source.
Bread now costs $2 or higher, about twice as costly as the usual price. Many people are getting used to having their tea -- a favorite morning drink of Zimbabweans -- without bread.
Gibson Nhema now sells goods such as sweet potatoes and corn in place of bread.
He told VOA, "If we can get bread once a week that will be it. But we no longer miss it because it is now expensive. If the government would push the price of bread and flour down that would go well with our way of living. We have no cash. If it remains expensive, I will not able to buy dinner if I buy bread."
Food sellers like Nhema are doing well. But these are very hard times for those who mostly sell bread, like Alwyn Mutero.
Mutero said, "There used to be lots of bread, but these days, people no longer buy like they used to do, because prices are going high. We used to sell this bread for about a $1, now it costs about $2.50. So people cannot afford it."
Mangaliso Ndlovu is Zimbabwe's Minister of Industry and Commerce. Recently, he said he found a company that could make bread using local ingredients to help ease the shortage and control the price.
But farmers say they do not have a way to produce wheat that is cost effective. They are calling on President Emmerson Mnangagwa's government to help.
Ben Gilpin is with the Zimbabwe Commercial Farmers Union. He says that, among other things, farmers must have a fair price to cover their production costs. He adds that farmers must have the knowledge and tools to help the farming industry grow.
Government and industry officials continue their search for an answer to the shortage. Meanwhile, Zimbabweans like Gibson Nhema keep thinking of other foods to take the place of something as simple as their daily bread.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.look for 寻找

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We all need to look for ways to reduce our carbon footprint.
我们都需要寻求降低碳排放量的方法h=2x~F6(7]Sqb+YID%wi

2.no longer 不再

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They no longer had him as a friend.
他们再也不把他看成朋友了XdwTxCclT.L(qB%

3.go well with 和...相配

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Brown shoes don't go well with your trousers.
棕色鞋与你的裤子不相配bh=g~w0[@4

4.search for 寻找

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You can use a directory service to search for people on the Internet.
你可以利用因特网的目录服务搜索人名VhN_frQVBq2

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5.He says that, among other things, farmers must have a fair price to cover their production costs.

among other things 除了其他事情外

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He moved to England in 1980 where, among other things, he worked as a journalist
他1980年移居英格兰,期间从事过包括记者在内的很多工作UIiS@[njNf|VZ-zo
We get out our family notebook, which has a record of each family meeting, among other things.
我们有个家庭笔记本,上面记录了每个家庭会议和其他的事情rC+E294BH*A4IFT5

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6.Gibson Nhema now sells goods such as sweet potatoes and corn in place of bread.

in place of 代替

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Cooked kidney beans can be used in place of French beans.
煮熟的红芸豆可以代替四季豆Dq)i+~wYoC2#]
We can use plastic in place of wood or metal in industry.
我们在工业中能用塑料代替木材或金属+3^X^P1OQwX6nVkP#.

参考译文

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津巴布韦:面包成奢侈品
面包现已成为津巴布韦供应短缺的商品之一;cGbjd_9&A。面包短缺导致其价格上涨pb5u(L@|#r@8。现在,市民们被迫寻找这种日常食物来源的替代品rj..F;Mbo^z
如今,面包的价格为2美元甚至更高,约是以往价格的两倍nn*eURYN_]+。许多人已经习惯了喝茶不搭配面包——这是津巴布韦人最喜欢的一种早茶#TBwZL~Xk60)
吉布森·恩赫玛(Gibson Nhema)不卖面包,改卖红薯和玉米等商品qc&lhfOq!Yf
他告诉美国之音:“如果每周能吃上一次面包,我们就满足了ujan4hy1]80b。但是现在面包太贵了,我们不敢奢求Pia9oyhj!aa*G。如果政府能够降低面包和面粉的价格,这将有助于改善我们的生活水平Go%!!IiOoT[|83u。我们没有现金Mc_fI(pL5~K+xtWi)。如果价格一直居高不下,买了面包就吃不起晚饭了pxej~jXVHdh^。”

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津巴布韦:面包成奢侈品.jpg
像涅马(Nhema)这样的食品销售商处境尚可j|N)5v,AY[NT4。但是对于像阿尔文(Alwyn Mutero)这样以销售面包为主的店家来说,现在是非常艰难的时期LJR0DFHxSwIbP^p&cMo_
阿尔文说:“过去,面包很畅销,但是现在因为价格上涨,人们不再像以前那样购买了%f!lIOS9mg。以前这种面包的售价是1美元,现在是2.5美元Dw2#!WA~iiE]QCKT8g。所以人们买不起&A5)cT=yanL2pf0|iv。”
诺德乌(Mangaliso Ndlovu)是津巴布韦工商部部长v@C[CbMe3!^#。最近,他表示,他找到了一家可以用当地原料制作面包的公司,帮助缓解面包短缺并控制面包价格,A|oisKV%%^
但农民们表示,他们找不到生产成本效益高的小麦的方法h;7HFlJDs6。他们向总统埃默森·姆南加古瓦政府寻求帮助j!,VSxWK.op_H.I
本·吉尔平(Ben Gilpin)就职于津巴布韦商业农民联盟z23mVxnleF4|@L]^,F=。他说,除此之外,农民必须有一个公平的价格来支付他们的生产成本tdngLL1qKXUS3&]jr0X。他补充说,农民必须具备帮助农业发展的知识和工具![.-i[|1p^
政府和相关行业官员继续寻找面包短缺问题的解决方案x-[h_BtaRp;wL。与此同时,像吉布森·恩赫玛这样的津巴布韦人一直在思考用其他食物来代替他们日常吃的面包b65g&4KM83-S
乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报y&g;Ik6XqDL,+vKKvLsL

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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