VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):巴基斯坦释放被俘印度飞行员
日期:2019-03-04 15:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Pakistan Releases Indian Pilot
Pakistan returned a captured Indian pilot to his country on Friday. Pakistani officials described the move as a "gesture of peace." The action temporarily reduced tensions between the two sides over the disputed Kashmir area.
The pilot, Abhinandan Varthaman, was seen walking across the border near the town of Wagah just before 1600 Universal Time (UTC). Indian officials then confirmed he had been returned.
His return to India came after a series of cross-border attacks in Kashmir this week.
On Tuesday, Indian aircraft entered Pakistan air space to attack what India described as a camp of the Islamist militant group Jaish-e-Mohammad. The group had claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing in Indian Kashmir on February 14. The explosion killed at least 40 paramilitary troops.
Both India and Pakistan claim they shot down enemy airplanes on Wednesday. Varthaman was captured when his plane crashed in a Pakistan-controlled area.
The two countries have fought three wars since gaining independence from Britain in 1947. Two of the wars were fought over Kashmir.
About Kashmir
Located high in the Himalayan Mountains, Kashmir borders China to the northeast, India to the south and Pakistan to the west. The area is about 222,000 square kilometers in size. But its exact border has always been poorly defined.
Over the years, a series of rulers introduced Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim and Sikh cultures to Kashmir. When the British withdrew in 1947, Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler over Kashmir, delayed a decision to join Muslim Pakistan or Hindu-majority India. The move was part of an effort to remain independent.
As the majority Muslim population of Kashmir rebelled, Singh chose to join India. This led to the first Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.
A year later, the two nations agreed to a ceasefire. The agreement called for Pakistan to withdraw its troops and for India to keep a small military presence. It also called for a popular vote for Kashmiris to decide their future. But Pakistan did not pull back its troops and a vote was never held.
In 1962, China overpowered Indian forces to capture a small area along its border with Kashmir.
Heavy fighting between India and Pakistan broke out in 1965 and again in 1971. With Pakistan's defeat, the two nations signed an agreement to establish East Pakistan as the independent nation of Bangladesh.
The agreement also established a Line of Control, effectively dividing Kashmir into two areas. Tens of thousands of Indian and Pakistani soldiers have since faced off along the Line of Control and, at times, exchanged gunfire.
Behind the line, militants continue their attacks like the one that brought the two nuclear-powered countries closer to another war.
I'm Ashley Thompson.

重点解析

1.faced off 和...对抗

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As you can see from these pictures, protesters and security forces faced off against each other this past weekend.
从画面上可以看到,抗议者和保安部队发生冲突Hm2|]xE+R]]

2.broke out 爆发

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The fighting broke out about two hours after sundown.
日落后大约两小时战斗打响了|;Ne8^XW,&

3.pull back 撤回;拉回

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They were asked to pull back from their artillery positions around the city.
他们被要求从城市周围的炮兵阵地上撤出2wyo01YBCNm)n[Lt]&m

4.shot down 击落

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The guerrillas shot down one aeroplane and captured the pilot.
游击队击落了一架飞机,并俘获了飞行员BmF~MM]o0dpfDKEqk5~

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5.His return to India came after a series of cross-border attacks in Kashmir this week.

a series of 一系列的

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The students have put forward a series of questions.
学生们提出了一系列问题|j(b^%j&%-#.
A series of technical foul-ups delayed the launch of the new product.
一系列技术问题延误了新产品的上市0sxtM)=*D!kN

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6.Tens of thousands of Indian and Pakistani soldiers have since faced off along the Line of Control and, at times, exchanged gunfire.

Tens of thousands of 成千上万的

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They somehow contrived to lose tens of thousands of applications.
他们精心策划故意遗失了数万份申请书mr9;b_MN#!4
Insects are made up of tens of thousands of proteins.
昆虫由数万种蛋白质构成a-]E,^G(Oxaqopo

参考译文

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巴基斯坦释放被俘印度飞行员
周五,巴基斯坦将一名被俘印度飞行员释放回国,3WqJfs;H*U。巴基斯坦官员称此举是“和平姿态x7gD4JRl[BEGDG[fizN[。”这一行动也暂缓了双方就有争议的克什米尔地区的紧张态势vEtUbA_Nk&]G#q*@G)
飞行员阿比纳丹·瓦塔曼(Abhinandan Varthaman)于世界时间16:00在众人的见证下步行穿过瓦格赫附近的边境as;#az^XnYU。印度官员随后证实他已回国(8(XF)Ro6j]=
人质被释放之前,克什米尔地区本周发生了一系列的跨境袭击8izgKO9%uL3@VER

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巴基斯坦释放被俘印度飞行员.jpg
周二,印度战机进入巴基斯坦领空袭击其声称的伊斯兰教激进组织(Jaish-e-Mohammad)的营地8lth^26xA;oS(5]j。该组织宣称对2月14日印属克什米尔地区发生的自杀式爆炸袭击负责GUbqkyO%~hV&S%^。爆炸造成至少40名准军事人员丧生#,TeBarsj~c3WWf,KY
印度和巴基斯坦都宣称,周三击落了对方的战机qwxVrU.dhzkeqLL。瓦塔曼在飞机坠毁在巴基斯坦控制区后被俘Q;(WC2btOOE
自从1947年从英国获得独立以来,两国已经交战三次,其中两次是为了争夺克什米尔地区]Hsp3|M^4tVF0
关于克什米尔
克什米尔地区位于喜马拉雅山脉的高处,东北与中国接壤,南接印度,西连巴基斯坦9t=RjQNMsJ8。该地区面积约为22.2万平方公里,但是一直没有划分明确的边界线N9sZC62s-y!cPgAGo
多年来,一系列统治者将佛教、印度教、穆斯林以及锡克教文化引进克什米尔地区!BYR5*W8vR。当英国1947年撤离时,克什米尔地区的印度教统治者哈里·辛格(Hari Singh)决定推迟加入信奉穆斯林的巴基斯坦或以印度教徒为主体的印度t+y+j]w5FGZN[^AsPyX。此举是该地区保持独立的措施之一gnmP^I!zFe@We6
由于克什米尔地区占多数的穆斯林人口叛变,辛格选择加入印度JT%0&f.j7Wr。这导致了1947年第一次印巴战争XyoomsT%wiT^B=0[
一年后,两国同意停火N3GNsL~Fgy9~;wO[。停战协议要求巴基斯坦撤军,而印度只准保留少量的军事力量!r[|*H)TefFDia。协议还呼吁克什米尔人举行公投以决定自己的未来XY9*gJA|bf。但是巴基斯坦没有撤军,公投也从未举行VZ;)b2,X%DQh.M
1962年,中国从印度军队手中夺回了沿克什米尔边境的小部分领土%|iy;9fGdVh
1965年和1971年,印度与巴基斯坦再次爆发了激烈的战争Lhf0;Oe=++。随着巴基斯坦战败,两国签署了一项协议,将东巴基斯坦建立为独立的孟加拉国Aboz@_[)1z)
该协议还设定了实际控制线,将克什米尔有效地划分为两个地区JdWf8Xjzg*D.v。此后,成千上万的印巴士兵沿着控制线对峙,双方不时发生交火)w9T*092kt-=#|
在实际控制线后方,武装分子继续发动袭击,一如此番将印巴两个核武器国家拖至战争爆发边缘的袭击K_]sW6xNSf]ci8#QkD
阿什利·汤普森为您播报boR3nMi%P_d&UGAg

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • capturevt. 捕获,俘获,夺取,占领,迷住,(用照片等)留存
  • popularadj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的
  • defeatn. 败北,挫败 vt. 战胜,击败
  • claimn. 要求,要求权;主张,断言,声称;要求物 vt. 要
  • militaryadj. 军事的 n. 军队
  • presencen. 出席,到场,存在 n. 仪态,风度
  • confirmedadj. 习惯的,积习的,确认过的,证实的 动词conf
  • rulern. 尺子,划线板 n. 统治者,支配者
  • withdrawvt. 撤回,取回,撤退 vi. 退回,撤退,走开
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支